Included here is the Sahel, a belt of semi-arid land that runs the length of the Sahara Desert’s southern margin. It forms a narrow zone some 400 km wide extending from the Red Sea coast of Sudan to the Atlantic coasts of Mauritainia and Senegal, and represents one of the hottest places on Earth.

Sahelian Deciduous Bushland

On some of the wetter rocky outcrops such as on the Darfur plateau and on the volcanic inselberg Jebel Gurgeil, a deciduous bushland or thicket dominated by Acacia mellifera and Commiphora africana can be found. Other associated species include Boscia senegalensis, Dichrostachys cinerea and Euphorbia candelabrum

Sahelomontane Scrub Forest

On certain sheltered rocky slopes there are scrub forests dominated by Olea laperrinei (olive). The principal woody associates include Boscia angustifolia, Ficus populifolia, F. salicifolia, Maytenus senegalensis, Rhus vulgaris and Vangueria venosa.


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