Included here is the Alps a large crescent shaped mountain system situated in south-central Europe. In the biogeographic system used in this website the Alps are considered to be part of the Central European biozone.
Of the alpine endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 697 taxa in 160 genera and 44 families but no endemic genera.
Casazza, G., Zappa, E., Mariotti, M. G., Médail, F. & Minuto, L. 2007. Ecological and historical factors affecting distribution pattern and richness of endemic plant species: the case of the Maritime and Ligurian Alps hotspot. Diversity and Distribution, 2007: 1-12.
Favarger, C. 1972. Endemism in the montane floras of Europe. In: Taxonomy, Phytogeography and Evolution. Ed. D. H. Valentine. Academic Press.
Kozlowski, G., Bürcher, S., Fleury, M. & Huber, F. 2009. The Atlantic elements in the Swiss flora: distribution, diversity, and conservation status. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18: 649-662.
Nimis, P. L. & Fonda, G. 1997. Phytogeography of parasteppic vegetation in the high Friulian Plain (NE Italy). Plant Ecology, 132: 15-28.
Ozenda, P. 1983. The vegetation of the Alps. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.
Pawlowski, B. 1970. Remarques sur l’endémise dans la flore des Alpes et des Carpates. Vegetatio-Dordrecht, 21: 181-243.
Schnittler, M. & Gunther, K. F. 1999. Central European vascular plants requiring priority conservation measures – an analysis from national Red Lists and distribution maps. Biodiversity and Conservation, 8: 891-925.
Tribsch, A. 2004. Areas of endemism of vascular plants in the Eastern Alps in relation to Pleistocene glaciation. Journal of Biogeography, 31: 747-760.
Tribsch, A. & Schonswetter, P. 2003. Patterns of endemism and comparative phylogeography confirm palaeo-environmental evidence for Pleistocene refugia in the Eastern Alps. Taxon, 52: 477-497.Walters, S. M. Endemism in the genus Alchemilla in Europe. In: Taxonomy, Phytogeography and Evolution. Ed. D. H. Valentine. Academic Press.