Included here is the Andes mountain range of South America. It extends from north to south through Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Argentina and represents the longest continental mountain range in the world. However, it has not been possible to seperate endemic plants in terms of the central and northern Andean bioprovinces.
Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded for the Andes as a whole there are about 2399 species in 453 genera and 104 families. There are 165 endemic genera (marked red) and 1 near endemic family (Brunelliaceae) although the family Alstroemeriaceae is confined to Central and South America, the family Bromeliaceae are mainly confined to the tropical and sub-tropical Americas, with just one species (Pitcairnia felicianain) found in tropical west Africa, and the families Cyclanthaceae and Marcgraviaceae are mainly confined to the neotropics.
However, this list has been created mainly from endemic Andean floras developed for Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru and therefore likely to represent just a small percentage of the actual number of endemic plants. In fact, it has been estimated that there could be up to 20,000 endemic plants in just the tropical Andes alone.
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