Endemics in Family Order

Acanthaceae
Cryptophragmium langbianense

Anacardiaceae
Gluta compacta
Gluta megalocarpa
Mangifera reba
Semecarpus anacardiopsis
Semecarpus annamensis
Semecarpus humilis
Semecarpus perniciosa
Semecarpus velutina

Ancistrocladaceae
Ancistrocladus cochinchinensis

Anisophylleaceae
Anisophyllea penninervata

Annonaceae
Artabotrys aeneus
Artabotrys harmandii
Artabotrys phuongianus
Artabotrys tetramerus
Cyathocalyx annamensis
Drepananthus filiformis
Goniothalamus albiflorus
Goniothalamus elegans
Goniothalamus multiovulatus
Goniothalamus ninhianus
Meiogyne subsessilis
Melodorum kontumense
Orophea desmos
Phaeanthus vietnamensis
Polyalthia barenensis
Polyalthia clemensorum
Uvaria dac

Apiaceae
Hydrocotyle pseudosanicula

Apocynaceae
Bousigonia mekongense
Dischidia acuminata
Hiepia
Hiepia corymbosa
Ixodonerium
Ixodonerium annamense
Melodinus myrtiflorus
Rauvolfia cambodiana

Aponogetonaceae
Aponogeton robinsonii

Araceae
Aglaonema furmeum
Amorphophallus arnautovii
Amorphophallus glossophyllus
Amorphophallus rhizomatosus
Pothos drotouranensis
Pothos penicilliger
Pothos touranensis
Pseudodracontium laoticum
Raphidophora sulcata
Schismatoglottis cadieri
Schismatoglottis harmandii
Typhonium bachmaense
Typhonium huense

Araliaceae
Dendropanax venosus
Macropanax schmidii
Macropanax simplicifolius
Macropanax skvortsovae
Macropanax vidalii
Schefflera alongensis
Schefflera buxifolioides
Schefflera corymbiformis
Schefflera dongnaiensis
Schefflera kontumensis
Schefflera lenticellata
Schefflera nhatrangensis
Schefflera quangtriensis
Schefflera tribracteolata
Schefflera vidaliana
Schefflera violea

Arecaceae
Arenga caudata
Caryota sympetala
Pinanga banaensis
Pinanga duperreana
Rhapis laosensis

Bignoniaceae
Radermachera eberhardtii
Stereospermum annamense

Burmanniaceae
Thismia annamensis

Buxaceae
Buxus pubifolia

Capparaceae
Poilanedora
Poilanedora unijuga

Combretaceae
Anogeissus rivularis
Terminalia harmandii

Connaraceae
Rourea acropetala

Cornaceae
Diplopanax vietnamensis
Mastixia poilanei

Cycadaceae
Cycas micholitzii

Dichapetalaceae
Dichapetalum longipetalum

Dipterocarpaceae
Dipterocarpus kerrii
Hopea pierrei
Parashorea stellata

Escalloniaceae
Polyosma annamensis
Polyosma nhatrangensis
Polyosma turfosa

Euphorbiaceae
Cleidion sathayensis
Croton alpinus
Croton bidopensis
Croton cubiensis
Croton dalatensis
Croton lamdongensis
Croton longipes
Croton murex
Croton potabilis
Croton sathayensis
Croton scopuligenus
Croton thoii
Croton touranensis
Epiprinus poilanei
Glochidion bachmaënsis
Mallotus canii
Mallotus eberhardtii
Mallotus poilanei
Mallotus sathayensis
Oligoceras
Oligoceras eberhardtii
Sapium cochinchinensis

Fabaceae
Archidendron robinsonii
Bauhinia clemensiorum
Dunbaria flavescens
Dunbaria lecomtei
Dunbaria thorelii
Ophrestia laotica
Ormosia balansae
Ormosia cambodiana
Ormosia poilanei
Saraca schmidiana
Sarcodum scandens
Smithia finetii

Hamamelidaceae
Distylum annamicum
Symingtonia tonkinensis

Lauraceae
Cryptocoryne annamica

Linderniaceae
Lindernia eberhardtii
Lindernia pierreana
Schizotorenia finetiana

Magnoliaceae
Magnolia talaumoides

Malvaceae
Grewia bullot

Melastomataceae
Blastus cochinchinensis
Blastus pauciflorus

Moraceae
Artocarpus melinoxylus
Ficus kontumensis
Maclura cochinchinensis

Ochnaceae
Indosinia
Indosinia involucrata

Olacaceae
Harmandia mekongense

Opiliaceae
Melientha suavis

Orchidaceae
Aerides rubescens
Amitostigma bidupense
Anoectochilus acalcarata
Aphyllorchis annamensis
Arachnis annamensis
Arundina chinensis
Biermannia sigaldii
Bulbophyllum astelidum
Bulbophyllum averyanovii
Bulbophyllum boulbetii
Bulbophyllum fibratum
Bulbophyllum hiepii
Bulbophyllum ngoclinhensis
Bulbophyllum orientale
Bulbophyllum poilanei
Bulbophyllum semiteretifolium
Bulbophyllum sigaldiae
Bulbophyllum simondii
Bulbophyllum subebulbum
Bulbophyllum vietnamense
Calanthe velutina
Ceologyne filipeda
Ceologyne lawrenceana
Ceologyne sanderae
Ceratostylis evrardii
Ceratostylis siamensis
Cleisocentron klossii
Cleisostoma equestre
Cleisostoma melanorachys
Cleisostoma simondii
Cymbidium banaense
Cymbidium erythrostylum
Cymbidium sanderae
Cymbidium wilsonii
Dendrobium amabile
Dendrobium annamense
Dendrobium caryaecolum
Dendrobium dalatense
Dendrobium hemimelanoglossum
Dendrobium khanhoaense
Dendrobium kontumense
Dendrobium langbianense
Dendrobium ochraceum
Dendrobium oxyphyllum
Dendrobium perulatum
Dendrobium pseudointricatum
Didymoplexiopsis khiriwongensis
Diglyphosa evrardii
Doritis regnieriana
Epigeneium annamense
Epigeneium chapaense
Epipactis atromarginata
Epipactis carunculosa
Eria gagnepainii
Eria lactiflora
Eria obscura
Eria pulverulenta
Eria thao
Flickingeria stenoglossa
Flickingeria vietnamensis
Gastrochilus simplicilabius
Habenaria apetala
Liparis balansae
Liparis chapaensis
Liparis mantidopsis
Liparis nana
Liparis petelotii
Liparis piriformis
Liparis tixieri
Listera latilabra
Malaxis finetii
Malaxis tixieri
Neuwiedia balansae
Oberonia acarus
Oberonia dalatensis
Odontochilus poilanei
Panisea albiflora
Paphiopedilum appletonianum
Paphiopedilum delenatii
Peristylus holttumianus
Phaius longicornu
Phalaenopsis chibae
Pholidota chinensis
Pholidota guibertiae
Pholidota pachyglossa
Pleione vietnamensis
Pristiglottis saprophytica
Pristiglottis umbrosa
Renanthera annamensis
Rhomboda petelotii
Rhynchogyna fallax
Schoenorchis tixieri
Taeniophyllum fasciculatum
Taeniophyllum minimum
Taeniophyllum pahangense
Thrixspermum annamense
Thrixspermum fragrans
Thrixspermum poilanei
Trichotosia dalatensis
Uncifera dalatensis
Vanda bidupensis
Vanda pierrei

Pandanaceae
Freycinetia webbiana

Passifloraceae
Adenia banaensis
Adenosma annamensis

Paulowniaceae
Brandisia annamica

Pentaphragmataceae
Pentaphragma gamopetalum
Pentaphragma honbaense

Phyllanthaceae
Baccaurea harmandii
Baccaurea oxycarpa
Breynia grandiflora
Breynia subindochinensis
Cleistanthus eberhardtii
Flueggea spirei
Glochidion bachmaensis
Phyllanthus annamensis
Phyllanthus carinarius
Phyllanthus pireyi
Phyllanthus ruber
Phyllanthus rubescens
Phyllanthus thaii
Phyllanthus touranensis
Phyllanthus tui

Pinaceae
Pinus krempfii

Podostemaceae
Cladopus fallax
Dalzellia carinata
Diplobryum minutale

Polygalaceae
Polygala tonkinensis

Primulaceae
Ardisia argentea
Ardisia evrardii
Ardisia florida
Ardisia harmandii
Ardisia incrassata
Ardisia ixoraefolia
Ardisia lecomtei
Ardisia maxima
Ardisia miniata
Ardisia pseudo-pedunculosa
Ardisia roseiflora
Lysimachia chenii

Proteaceae
Helicia stenophylla

Rosaceae
Photinia moiorum
Rhaphiolepis brevipetiolata
Rubus annamensis
Rubus palmatifolius

Sabiaceae
Meliosma cinerea
Meliosma clemensiorum
Meliosma donnaiensis
Meliosma kontumensis
Meliosma nana
Meliosma quangnamensis
Meliosma simang
Meliosma spathulata
Sabia kontumensis

Salicaceae
Casearia annamensis

Sapotaceae
Eberhardtia krempfii
Madhuca alpina
Palaquium annamense
Palaquium poilanei
Sarcosperma affinis
Sarcosperma kontumense
Xantolis baranensis

Smilacaceae
Smilax gagnepainii
Smilax poilanei

Styracaceae
Styrax litseoides
Styrax rufopilosus

Symplocaceae
Symplocos annamensis
Symplocos disepala
Symplocos guillauminii

Taxaceae
Amentotaxus poilanei

Theaceae
Adinandra grandifolia
Adinandra microcarpa
Adinandra poilanei
Anneslea dongnaiensis
Camellia corallia
Camellia elongata
Camellia gaudichaudii
Camellia langbianensis
Camellia nervosa
Gordonia bidoupensis
Gordonia gigantiflora
Gordonia intricata

Thymelaeaceae
Aquilaria banaensis
Wikstroemia poilanei

Zingiberaceae
Amomum unifolium
Distichochlamys citrea


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Adenia banaensis
Adenosma annamensis
Adinandra grandifolia
Adinandra microcarpa
Adinandra poilanei
Aerides rubescens
Aglaonema furmeum
Amentotaxus poilanei
Amitostigma bidupense
Amomum unifolium
Amorphophallus arnautovii
Amorphophallus glossophyllus
Amorphophallus rhizomatosus
Ancistrocladus cochinchinensis
Anisophyllea penninervata
Anneslea dongnaiensis
Anoectochilus acalcarata
Anogeissus rivularis
Aphyllorchis annamensis
Aponogeton robinsonii
Aquilaria banaensis
Arachnis annamensis
Archidendron robinsonii
Ardisia argentea
Ardisia evrardii
Ardisia florida
Ardisia harmandii
Ardisia incrassata
Ardisia ixoraefolia
Ardisia lecomtei
Ardisia maxima
Ardisia miniata
Ardisia pseudo-pedunculosa
Ardisia roseiflora
Arenga caudata
Artabotrys aeneus
Artabotrys harmandii
Artabotrys phuongianus
Artabotrys tetramerus
Artocarpus melinoxylus
Arundina chinensis
Baccaurea harmandii
Baccaurea oxycarpa
Bauhinia clemensiorum
Biermannia sigaldii
Blastus cochinchinensis
Blastus pauciflorus
Bousigonia mekongense
Brandisia annamica
Breynia grandiflora
Breynia subindochinensis
Bulbophyllum astelidum
Bulbophyllum averyanovii
Bulbophyllum boulbetii
Bulbophyllum fibratum
Bulbophyllum hiepii
Bulbophyllum ngoclinhensis
Bulbophyllum orientale
Bulbophyllum poilanei
Bulbophyllum semiteretifolium
Bulbophyllum sigaldiae
Bulbophyllum simondii
Bulbophyllum subebulbum
Bulbophyllum vietnamense
Buxus pubifolia
Calanthe velutina
Camellia corallia
Camellia elongata
Camellia gaudichaudii
Camellia langbianensis
Camellia nervosa
Caryota sympetala
Casearia annamensis
Ceologyne filipeda
Ceologyne lawrenceana
Ceologyne sanderae
Ceratostylis evrardii
Ceratostylis siamensis
Cladopus fallax
Cleidion sathayensis
Cleisocentron klossii
Cleisostoma equestre
Cleisostoma melanorachys
Cleisostoma simondii
Cleistanthus eberhardtii
Croton alpinus
Croton bidopensis
Croton cubiensis
Croton dalatensis
Croton lamdongensis
Croton longipes
Croton murex
Croton potabilis
Croton sathayensis
Croton scopuligenus
Croton thoii
Croton touranensis
Cryptocoryne annamica
Cryptophragmium langbianense
Cyathocalyx annamensis
Cycas micholitzii
Cymbidium banaense
Cymbidium erythrostylum
Cymbidium sanderae
Cymbidium wilsonii
Dalzellia carinata
Dendrobium amabile
Dendrobium annamense
Dendrobium caryaecolum
Dendrobium dalatense
Dendrobium hemimelanoglossum
Dendrobium khanhoaense
Dendrobium kontumense
Dendrobium langbianense
Dendrobium ochraceum
Dendrobium oxyphyllum
Dendrobium perulatum
Dendrobium pseudointricatum
Dendropanax venosus
Dichapetalum longipetalum
Didymoplexiopsis khiriwongensis
Diglyphosa evrardii
Diplobryum minutale
Diplopanax vietnamensis
Dipterocarpus kerrii
Dischidia acuminata
Distichochlamys citrea
Distylum annamicum
Doritis regnieriana
Drepananthus filiformis
Dunbaria flavescens
Dunbaria lecomtei
Dunbaria thorelii
Eberhardtia krempfii
Epigeneium annamense
Epigeneium chapaense
Epipactis atromarginata
Epipactis carunculosa
Epiprinus poilanei
Eria gagnepainii
Eria lactiflora
Eria obscura
Eria pulverulenta
Eria thao
Ficus kontumensis
Flickingeria stenoglossa
Flickingeria vietnamensis
Flueggea spirei
Flueggea spirei
Freycinetia webbiana
Gastrochilus simplicilabius
Glochidion bachmaensis
Gluta compacta
Gluta megalocarpa
Goniothalamus albiflorus
Goniothalamus elegans,
Goniothalamus multiovulatus
Goniothalamus ninhianus
Gordonia bidoupensis
Gordonia gigantiflora
Gordonia intricata
Grewia bullot
Habenaria apetala
Harmandia mekongense
Helicia stenophylla
Hiepia
Hiepia corymbosa
Hopea pierrei
Hydrocotyle pseudosanicula
Indosinia
Indosinia involucrata
Ixodonerium
Ixodonerium annamense
Lindernia eberhardtii
Lindernia pierreana
Liparis balansae
Liparis chapaensis
Liparis mantidopsis
Liparis nana
Liparis petelotii
Liparis piriformis
Liparis tixieri
Listera latilabra
Lysimachia chenii
Maclura cochinchinensis
Macropanax schmidii
Macropanax simplicifolius
Macropanax skvortsovae
Macropanax vidalii
Madhuca alpina
Magnolia talaumoides
Malaxis finetii
Malaxis tixieri
Mallotus canii
Mallotus eberhardtii
Mallotus poilanei
Mallotus sathayensis
Mangifera reba
Mastixia poilanei
Meiogyne subsessilis
Melientha suavis
Meliosma cinerea
Meliosma clemensiorum
Meliosma donnaiensis
Meliosma kontumensis
Meliosma nana
Meliosma quangnamensis
Meliosma simang
Meliosma spathulata
Melodinus myrtiflorus
Melodorum kontumense
Neuwiedia balansae
Oberonia acarus
Oberonia dalatensis
Odontochilus poilanei
Oligoceras
Oligoceras eberhardtii
Ophrestia laotica
Ormosia balansae
Ormosia cambodiana
Ormosia poilanei
Orophea desmos
Palaquium annamense
Palaquium poilanei
Panisea albiflora
Paphiopedilum appletonianum
Paphiopedilum delenatii
Parashorea stellata
Pentaphragma gamopetalum
Pentaphragma honbaense
Peristylus holttumianus
Phaeanthus vietnamensis
Phaius longicornu
Phalaenopsis chibae
Pholidota chinensis
Pholidota guibertiae
Pholidota pachyglossa
Photinia moiorum
Phyllanthus annamensis
Phyllanthus carinarius
Phyllanthus pireyi
Phyllanthus ruber
Phyllanthus rubescens
Phyllanthus thaii
Phyllanthus touranensis
Phyllanthus tui
Pinanga banaensis
Pinanga duperreana
Pinus krempfii
Pleione vietnamensis
Poilanedora
Poilanedora unijuga
Polyalthia barenensis
Polyalthia clemensorum
Polygala tonkinensis
Polyosma annamensis
Polyosma nhatrangensis
Polyosma turfosa
Pothos drotouranensis
Pothos penicilliger
Pothos touranensis
Pristiglottis saprophytica
Pristiglottis umbrosa
Pseudodracontium laoticum
Radermachera eberhardtii
Raphidophora sulcata
Rauvolfia cambodiana
Renanthera annamensis
Rhaphiolepis brevipetiolata
Rhapis laosensis
Rhomboda petelotii
Rhynchogyna fallax
Rourea acropetala
Rubus annamensis
Rubus palmatifolius
Sabia kontumensis
Sapium cochinchinensis
Saraca schmidiana
Sarcodum scandens
Sarcosperma affinis
Sarcosperma kontumense
Schefflera alongensis
Schefflera buxifolioides
Schefflera corymbiformis
Schefflera dongnaiensis
Schefflera kontumensis
Schefflera lenticellata
Schefflera nhatrangensis
Schefflera quangtriensis
Schefflera tribracteolata
Schefflera vidaliana
Schefflera violea
Schismatoglottis cadieri
Schismatoglottis harmandii
Schizotorenia finetiana
Schoenorchis tixieri
Semecarpus anacardiopsis
Semecarpus annamensis
Semecarpus humilis
Semecarpus perniciosa
Semecarpus velutina
Smilax gagnepainii
Smilax poilanei
Smithia finetii
Stereospermum annamense
Styrax litseoides
Styrax rufopilosus
Symingtonia tonkinensis
Symplocos annamensis
Symplocos disepala
Symplocos guillauminii
Taeniophyllum fasciculatum
Taeniophyllum minimum
Taeniophyllum pahangense
Terminalia harmandii
Thismia annamensis
Thrixspermum annamense
Thrixspermum fragrans
Thrixspermum poilanei
Trichotosia dalatensis
Typhonium bachmaense
Typhonium huense
Uncifera dalatensis
Uvaria dac
Vanda bidupensis
Vanda pierrei
Wikstroemia poilanei
Xantolis baranensis


Summary

Included here is central and southern parts of Annam in central Vietnam and adjacent regions of Laos.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 325 species in 172 genera and 59 families. There are five endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.

References

Averyanov, L. V., Phan Ke Loc, Nguyen Tien Hiep & Harder, D. K. 2003. Phytogeographic review of Vietnam and adjacent areas of Eastern Indochina. Komarovia, 3: 1-83.

Campbell, D. G. & Hammond, H. D. 1989. Floristic Inventory of Tropical Countries. The New York Botanical Garden.

Hill, M., Chan, L. M. & Harrison, E. 1996. Ba Na Nature Reserve – site description and conservation evaluation. The Society for Environmental Exploration, Londan and the Xuan Mai Forestry College, Hanoi.

Vidal, J. E. 1979. Outlines of the ecology and vegetation of the Indochinese Peninsula. In: Tropical Botany. Eds. K. Larsen and L. B. Holm-Nielsen. Academic Press.

Vidal, J. E. 1997. Paysages vegetaux et Plantes de la Peninsule indochinoise. Karthala and Agency of Francophony, Paris.

Werger, M. J. A., Nghia, N. H. & Zuidema, P. A. 1967. Demography of threatened tree species in Vietnam. Plant Ecology and Plant Science Group, Utrecht University, Tropenbos International and the Forest Science institute of Vietnam.