Endemics in Family Order

Anacardiaceae
Apterokarpos
Apterokarpos gardneri
Spondias tuberosa

Annonaceae
Annona leptopetala
Annona vepretorum
Oxandra reticulata

Apiaceae
Klotzschia brasiliensis

Apocynaceae
Allamanda blanchetii
Allamanda puberula
Aspidosperma cuspa
Aspidosperma pyrifolium
Aspidosperma riedelii
Ditassa dolichoglossa
Marsdenia pickelii
Marsdenia ulei
Marsdenia zehntneri
Matelea roulinioides
Nephradenia asparagoides
Schubertia morilloana
Schubertia multiflora

Aquifoliaceae
Ilex asperula
Ilex auricula

Araceae
Alloschemone inopinata
Spathicarpa gardneri
Taccarum ulei

Arecaceae
Attalea seabrensis
Copernicia prunifera
Syagrus microphylla
Syagrus vagans

Asteraceae
Acritopappus
Acritopappus buiquensis
Acritopappus catolesensis
Acritopappus confertus
Acritopappus connatifolius
Acritopappus hagei
Acritopappus harleyi
Acritopappus heterolepis
Acritopappus micropappus
Acritopappus pintoi
Argyrovernonia
Argyrovernonia martii
Chresta harleyi
Bishopalea
Bishopalea erecta
Blanchetia
Blanchetia heterotricha
Caatinganthus
Caatinganthus harleyi
Caatinganthus rubropappus
Chaptalia chapadensis
Dissothrix 
Dissothrix imbricata
Heterocoma
Heterocoma albida
Heterocoma ekmaniana
Heterocoma erecta
Heterocoma gracilis
Heterocoma lanuginosa
Heterocoma robinsoniana
Lychnophora bishopii
Lychnophora blanchetii
Lychnophora harleyi
Lychnophora jeffreyi
Lychnophora morii
Lychnophora phylicifolia
Lychnophora regis
Lychnophora santosii
Lychnophora triflora
Lychnophora uniflora
Mattfeldanthus
Mattfeldanthus mutisioides
Oiospermum
Oiospermum involucratum
Paralychnophora
Paralychnophora atkinsiae
Paralychnophora harleyi
Paralychnophora patriciana
Paralychnophora santosii
Piqueriella
Piqueriella brasiliensis
Pithecoseris
Pithecoseris pacourinoides
Pseudostifftia
Pseudostifftia kingii
Teixeiranthus
Teixeiranthus pohlii
Telmatophila
Telmatophila scolymastrum

Bignoniaceae
Adenocalymma marginatum
Aechmea leucolepis
Anemopaegma athayde
Anemopaegma laeve
Arrabidaea bahiensis
Arrabidaea dispar
Arrabidaea harleyi
Auxemma
Auxemma oncocalyx
Billbergia euphemiae
Billbergia fosteriana
Commiphora leptophloeos
Cordia glazioviana
Dyckia elongata
Dyckia limae
Dyckia maracasensis
Dyckia pernambucana
Encholirium spectabile
Fridericia speciosa
Godmania
Godmania dardanoi
Hohenbergia catingae
Hohenbergia utriculosa
Melloa quadrivalvis
Neoglaziovia
Neoglaziovia variegata
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum rubrum
Orthophytum saxicola
Patagonica bahiensis
Patagonula bahiana
Piriadacus
Piriadacus erubescens
Sparattosperma catingae
Tabebuia spongiosa
Varronia dardani
Varronia globosa
Varronia leucocephala
Varronia leucomalloides
Varronia tarodaea

Cactaceae
Arrojadoa penicillata
Arrojadoa rhodantha
Bragaia
Bragaia estevesii
Brasilicereus phaeacanthus
Cereus jamacaru
Coleocephalocereus goebelianus
Discocactus bahiensis
Espostoopsis
Espostoopsis dybowskii
Facheiroa
Facheiroa braunii
Facheiroa cephaliomelana
Facheiroa squamosa
Facheiroa ulei
Harrisia adscendens
Melocactus azureus
Melocactus bahiensis
Melocactus conoideus
Melocactus ernestii
Melocactus glaucescens
Melocactus lanssensianus
Melocactus oreas
Melocactus pachyacanthus
Melocactus salvadorensis
Melocactus zehntneri
Pereskia aureiflora
Pereskia bahiensis
Pereskia stenantha
Pilosocereus densiareolatus
Pilosocereus flavipulvinatus
Pilosocereus floccosus
Pilosocereus glaucochrous
Pilosocereus gounellei
Pilosocereus magnificus
Pilosocereus multicostatus
Pilosocereus pachycladus
Pilosocereus pentaedrophorus
Pilosocereus piauhyensis
Pilosocereus squamosus
Pilosocereus tuberculatus
Pseudoacanthocereus brasiliensis
Pseudopilocereus tuberculatus
Quiabentia zehntneri
Stephanocereus leucostele
Tacinga funalis
Tacinga inamoena
Tacinga palmadora

Capparaceae
Capparis flexuosa
Capparis yco
Neocalyptrocalyx longifolium

Caricaceae
Jacaratia heptaphylla

Celastraceae
Fraunhofera
Fraunhofera multiflora
Maytenus rigida

Chrysobalanaceae
Licania rigida

Cleomaceae
Haptocarpum
Haptocarpum bahiense

Combretaceae
Combretum monetaria
Combretum pisonioides
Combretum rupicola

Commelinaceae
Dichorisandra glaziovii

Convolvulaceae
Evolvulus chamaepitys var desertorum
Evolvulus diosmoides
Evolvulus flexuosus
Evolvulus gnaphaloides
Evolvulus speciosus
Ipomoea brasiliana
Ipomoea decipiens
Ipomoea franciscana
Ipomoea longistaminea
Ipomoea marcellia
Ipomoea pintoi

Cucurbitaceae
Apodanthera congestiflora
Apodanthera fasciculata
Apodanthera glaziovii
Apodanthera hatschbachia
Apodanthera succulenta
Apodanthera trifoliata
Apodanthera villosa

Cunoniaceae
Lamanonia speciosa

Cyperaceae
Rhynchospora calderana

Euphorbiaceae
Cnidoscolus bahiensis
Cnidoscolus caesifolius
Croton argyrophylloides
Croton campestris
Ditaxis desertorum
Ditaxis malpighiacea
Jatropha mollissima
Jatropha mutabilis
Jatropha ribifolia
Manihot brachyandra
Manihot catingae
Manihot dichotoma
Manihot epruinosa
Manihot glaziovii
Manihot heptaphylla
Manihot maracasensis
Manihot pseudoglaziovii

Fabaceae
Acacia kallunkiae
Acacia piauhiensis
Aeschynomene martii
Aeschynomene matosii
Aeschynomene monteiroi
Apuleia grazielana
Arachis dardanii
Arachis pusilla
Arachis triseminata
Bauhinia cacovia ssp. blanchetiana
Blanchetiodendron
Blanchetiodendron blanchetii
Caesalpinia calycina
Caesalpinia gardneriana
Caesalpinia laxiflora
Caesalpinia microphylla
Caesalpinia pluviosa
Caesalpinia pyramidalis var pyramidalis
Calliandra aeschynomenoides
Calliandra depauperata
Calliandra duckei
Calliandra fernandesii
Calliandra imperialis
Calliandra leptopoda
Calliandra macrocalyx var aucta
Calliandra macrocalyx var macrocalyx
Calliandra pilgeriana
Calliandra spinosa
Calliandra squarrosa
Calliandra ulei
Calliandra umbellifera
Chamaecrista belemii var belemii
Chamaecrista belemii var paludicola
Chamaecrista brevicalyx var elliptica
Chamaecrista coradinii
Chamaecrista duckeana
Chamaecrista swainsonii
Chamaecrista tenuisepala
Chamaecrista trichopoda
Chloroleucon dumosum
Chloroleucon extortum
Coursetia rostrata
Coursetia vicioides
Cranocarpus
Cranocarpus martii
Cratylia mollis
Crotalaria bahiaensis
Crotalaria holosericea
Dalbergia catingicola
Dalbergia cearensis
Dalbergia decipularis
Dioclea lasiophylla
Dioclea marginata
Goniorrhachis
Goniorrhachis marginata
Hymenaea eriogyne
Indigofera blanchetiana
Leucochloron limae
Luetzelburgia bahiensis
Mimosa adenophylla var armandiana
Mimosa adenophylla var mitis
Mimosa borboremae
Mimosa brevipinna
Mimosa caesalpiniifolia
Mimosa campicola var. planipes
Mimosa coruscocaesia
Mimosa exalbescens
Mimosa glaucula
Mimosa hirsuticaulis
Mimosa hortensis
Mimosa irrigua
Mimosa lepidophora
Mimosa leptantha
Mimosa lewisii
Mimosa mensicola
Mimosa misera var misera
Mimosa misera var subinermis
Mimosa modesta var modesta
Mimosa modesta var ursinoides
Mimosa morroensis
Mimosa niomarlei
Mimosa nothopteris
Mimosa ophthalmocentra
Mimosa paraibana
Mimosa pseudosepiaria
Mimosa setuligera
Mimosa subenervis
Mimosa tenuiflora
Mimosa ulbrichiana
Mimosa xiquexiquensis
Moldenhawera
Moldenhawera acuminata
Moldenhawera blanchetiana
Moldenhawera brasiliensis
Moldenhawera cuprea
Moldenhawera emarginata
Moldenhawera floribunda
Moldenhawera lushnathiana
Moldenhawera mollis
Moldenhawera nitida
Moldenhawera nutans
Moldenhawera papillanthera Moldenhawera polysperma
Moldenhawera riedelii
Moldenhawera speciosa
Myrocarpus fastigiatus
Mysanthus
Mysanthus uleanus
Parapiptadenia zehntneri
Pseudopiptadenia brenanii
Pterocarpus lucens
Pterocarpus monophyllus
Senna acuruensis var acuruensis
Senna acuruensis var catingae
Senna acuruensis var interjecta
Senna aversiflora
Senna gardneri
Senna harleyi
Senna lechriosperma
Senna martiana
Senna rizzinii
Senna trachypus
Stylosanthes bahiensis
Trischidium decipiens
Zornia afranioi
Zornia echinocarpa
Zornia harmsiana
Zornia ulei

Lamiaceae
Hyptidendron amethystoides
Hyptis calida
Hyptis leptostachys ssp caatingae
Hyptis leucocephala
Hyptis martiusii
Hyptis pinheiroi
Hyptis platanifolia
Hyptis simulans
Hyptis viatica

Malpighiaceae
Barnebya
Barnebya harleyi
Byrsonima pedunculata
Mcvaughia
Mcvaughia bahiana
Stigmaphyllon harleyi

Malvaceae
Ayenia blanchetiana
Ayenia erecta
Ayenia hirta
Bombacopsis retusa
Cavanillesia umbellata
Ceiba glaziovii
Gaya aurea
Gossypium mustelinum
Helicteres baruensis
Herissantia crispa
Herissantia tiubae
Melochia betonicifolia
Pavonia blanchetiana
Pavonia erythrolema
Pavonia glazioviana
Pavonia martii
Pavonia repens
Pavonia spinistipula
Pavonia varians
Pavonia zehntneri
Pseudobombax marginatum
Pseudobombax simplicifolium
Rayleya
Rayleya bahiensis
Sida galheirensis
Waltheria ferruginea
Wissadula contracta
Wissadula excelsior

Martyniaceae
Holoregmia
Holoregmia viscida

Melastomataceae
Huberia ovalifolia

Molluginaceae
Glischrothamnus
Glischrothamnus ulei

Myrtaceae
Campomanesia eugenioides var desertorum

Passifloraceae
Piriqueta asperifolia
Piriqueta assuruensis
Piriqueta carnea
Piriqueta densiflora var densiflora
Piriqueta dentata
Piriqueta duarteana var ulei
Piriqueta scabrida

Phytolaccaceae
Gallesia integrifolia

Plantaginaceae
Anamaria
Anamaria heterophylla
Angelonia biflora
Angelonia campestris
Angelonia cornigera
Bacopa angulata
Bacopa depressa
Dizygostemon
Dizygostemon angustifolium
Dizygostemon floribundum
Monopera micrantha

Poaceae
Neesiochloa
Neesiochloa barbata
Panicum stramineum

Podocarpaceae
Podocarpus lambertii

Polygonaceae
Ruprechtia glauca

Pontederiaceae
Heteranthera seubertiana
Hydrothrix
Hydrothrix gardneri

Rhamnaceae
Alvimiantha
Alvimiantha tricamerata
Crumenaria decumbens
Rhamnidium molle
Ziziphus cotinifolia
Ziziphus joazeiro

Rosaceae
Prunus brasiliensis
Rubus brasiliensis

Rubiaceae
Alseis involuta
Guettarda angelica
Guettarda sericea
Machaonia spinosa
Randia armata
Simira gardneriana

Rutaceae
Balfourodendron molle
Esenbeckia decidua
Pilocarpus sulcatus
Pilocarpus trachylophus
Zanthoxylum hamadryadicum
Zanthoxylum stelligerum
Zanthoxylum syncarpum

Sapindaceae
Averrhoidium gardnerianum
Cardiospermum oliveirae
Serjania coradinii

Sapotaceae
Manilkara rufula

Scrophulariaceae
Ameroglossum
Ameroglossum pernambucense

Solanaceae
Heteranthia
Heteranthia decipiens
Solanum jabrense

Ulmaceae
Phyllostylon brasiliense

Velloziaceae
Vellozia cinerascens

Verbenaceae
Lantana caatingensis
Lantana gracilis
Lippia gracilis


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Acacia kallunkiae
Acacia piauhiensis
Acritopappus
Acritopappus buiquensis
Acritopappus catolesensis
Acritopappus confertus
Acritopappus connatifolius
Acritopappus hagei
Acritopappus harleyi
Acritopappus heterolepis
Acritopappus micropappus
Acritopappus pintoi
Adenocalymma marginatum
Aechmea leucolepis
Aeschynomene martii
Aeschynomene matosii
Aeschynomene monteiroi
Allamanda blanchetii
Allamanda puberula
Alloschemone inopinata
Alseis involuta
Alvimiantha
Alvimiantha tricamerata
Ameroglossum
Ameroglossum pernambucense
Anamaria
Anamaria heterophylla
Anemopaegma athayde
Anemopaegma laeve
Angelonia biflora
Angelonia campestris
Angelonia cornigera
Annona leptopetala
Annona vepretorum
Apodanthera congestiflora
Apodanthera fasciculata
Apodanthera glaziovii
Apodanthera hatschbachia
Apodanthera succulenta
Apodanthera trifoliata
Apodanthera villosa
Apterokarpos
Apterokarpos gardneri
Apuleia grazielana
Arachis dardanii
Arachis pusilla
Arachis triseminata
Argyrovernonia
Argyrovernonia martii
Arrabidaea bahiensis
Arrabidaea dispar
Arrabidaea harleyi
Arrojadoa penicillata
Arrojadoa rhodantha
Aspidosperma cuspa
Aspidosperma pyrifolium
Aspidosperma riedelii
Attalea seabrensis
Auxemma
Auxemma oncocalyx
Averrhoidium gardnerianum
Ayenia blanchetiana
Ayenia erecta
Ayenia hirta
Bacopa angulata
Bacopa depressa
Balfourodendron molle
Barnebya
Barnebya harleyi
Bauhinia cacovia ssp blanchetiana
Billbergia euphemiae
Billbergia fosteriana
Bishopalea
Bishopalea erecta
Blanchetia
Blanchetia heterotricha
Blanchetiodendron
Blanchetiodendron blanchetii
Bombacopsis retusa
Bragaia
Bragaia estevesii
Brasilicereus phaeacanthus
Byrsonima pedunculata
Caatinganthus
Caatinganthus harleyi
Caatinganthus rubropappus
Caesalpinia calycina
Caesalpinia gardneriana
Caesalpinia laxiflora
Caesalpinia microphylla
Caesalpinia pluviosa
Caesalpinia pyramidalis var pyramidalis
Calliandra aeschynomenoides
Calliandra depauperata
Calliandra duckei
Calliandra fernandesii
Calliandra imperialis
Calliandra leptopoda
Calliandra macrocalyx var aucta
Calliandra macrocalyx var macrocalyx
Calliandra pilgeriana
Calliandra spinosa
Calliandra squarrosa
Calliandra ulei
Calliandra umbellifera
Campomanesia eugenioides var desertorum
Capparis flexuosa
Capparis yco
Cardiospermum oliveirae
Cavanillesia umbellata
Ceiba glaziovii
Cereus jamacaru
Chamaecrista belemii var belemii
Chamaecrista belemii var paludicola
Chamaecrista brevicalyx var elliptica
Chamaecrista coradinii
Chamaecrista duckeana
Chamaecrista swainsonii
Chamaecrista tenuisepala
Chamaecrista trichopoda
Chaptalia chapadensis
Chloroleucon dumosum
Chloroleucon extortum
Chresta harleyi
Cnidoscolus bahiensis
Cnidoscolus caesifolius
Coleocephalocereus goebelianus
Combretum monetaria
Combretum pisonioides
Combretum rupicola
Commiphora leptophloeos
Copernicia prunifera
Cordia glazioviana
Coursetia rostrata
Coursetia vicioides
Cranocarpus
Cranocarpus martii
Cratylia mollis
Crotalaria bahiaensis
Crotalaria holosericea
Croton argyrophylloides
Croton campestris
Crumenaria decumbens
Dalbergia catingicola
Dalbergia cearensis
Dalbergia decipularis
Dichorisandra glaziovii
Dioclea lasiophylla
Dioclea marginata
Discocactus bahiensis
Dissothrix 
Dissothrix imbricata
Ditassa dolichoglossa
Ditaxis desertorum
Ditaxis malpighiacea
Dizygostemon
Dizygostemon angustifolium
Dizygostemon floribundum
Dyckia elongata
Dyckia limae
Dyckia maracasensis
Dyckia pernambucana
Encholirium spectabile
Esenbeckia decidua
Espostoopsis
Espostoopsis dybowskii
Evolvulus chamaepitys var desertorum
Evolvulus diosmoides
Evolvulus flexuosus
Evolvulus gnaphaloides
Evolvulus speciosus
Facheiroa
Facheiroa braunii
Facheiroa cephaliomelana
Facheiroa squamosa
Facheiroa ulei
Fraunhofera
Fraunhofera multiflora
Fridericia speciosa
Gallesia integrifolia
Gaya aurea
Glischrothamnus
Glischrothamnus ulei
Godmania
Godmania dardanoi
Goniorrhachis
Goniorrhachis marginata
Gossypium mustelinum
Guettarda angelica
Guettarda sericea
Haptocarpum
Haptocarpum bahiense
Harrisia adscendens
Helicteres baruensis
Herissantia crispa
Herissantia tiubae
Heteranthera seubertiana
Heteranthia
Heteranthia decipiens
Heterocoma
Heterocoma albida
Heterocoma ekmaniana
Heterocoma erecta
Heterocoma gracilis
Heterocoma lanuginosa
Heterocoma robinsoniana
Hohenbergia catingae
Hohenbergia utriculosa
Holoregmia
Holoregmia viscida
Huberia ovalifolia
Hydrothrix
Hydrothrix gardneri
Hymenaea eriogyne
Hyptidendron amethystoides
Hyptis calida
Hyptis leptostachys ssp caatingae
Hyptis leucocephala
Hyptis martiusii
Hyptis pinheiroi
Hyptis platanifolia
Hyptis simulans
Hyptis viatica
Ilex asperula
Ilex auricula
Indigofera blanchetiana
Ipomoea brasiliana
Ipomoea decipiens
Ipomoea franciscana
Ipomoea longistaminea
Ipomoea marcellia
Ipomoea pintoi
Jacaratia heptaphylla
Jatropha mollissima
Jatropha mutabilis
Jatropha ribifolia
Klotzschia brasiliensis
Lamanonia speciosa
Lantana caatingensis
Lantana gracilis
Leucochloron limae
Licania rigida
Lippia gracilis
Luetzelburgia bahiensis
Lychnophora bishopii
Lychnophora blanchetii
Lychnophora harleyi
Lychnophora jeffreyi
Lychnophora morii
Lychnophora phylicifolia
Lychnophora regis
Lychnophora santosii
Lychnophora triflora
Lychnophora uniflora
Machaonia spinosa
Manihot brachyandra
Manihot catingae
Manihot dichotoma
Manihot epruinosa
Manihot glaziovii
Manihot heptaphylla
Manihot maracasensis
Manihot pseudoglaziovii
Manilkara rufula
Marsdenia pickelii
Marsdenia ulei
Marsdenia zehntneri
Matelea roulinioides
Mattfeldanthus
Mattfeldanthus mutisioides
Maytenus rigida
Mcvaughia
Mcvaughia bahiana
Melloa quadrivalvis
Melocactus azureus
Melocactus bahiensis
Melocactus conoideus
Melocactus ernestii
Melocactus glaucescens
Melocactus lanssensianus
Melocactus oreas
Melocactus pachyacanthus
Melocactus salvadorensis
Melocactus zehntneri
Melochia betonicifolia
Mimosa adenophylla var armandiana
Mimosa adenophylla var mitis
Mimosa borboremae
Mimosa brevipinna
Mimosa caesalpiniifolia
Mimosa campicola var planipes
Mimosa coruscocaesia
Mimosa exalbescens
Mimosa glaucula
Mimosa hirsuticaulis
Mimosa hortensis
Mimosa irrigua
Mimosa lepidophora
Mimosa leptantha
Mimosa lewisii
Mimosa mensicola
Mimosa misera var misera
Mimosa misera var subinermis
Mimosa modesta var modesta
Mimosa modesta var ursinoides
Mimosa morroensis
Mimosa niomarlei
Mimosa nothopteris
Mimosa ophthalmocentra
Mimosa paraibana
Mimosa pseudosepiaria
Mimosa setuligera
Mimosa subenervis
Mimosa tenuiflora
Mimosa ulbrichiana
Mimosa xiquexiquensis
Moldenhawera
Moldenhawera acuminata
Moldenhawera blanchetiana
Moldenhawera brasiliensis
Moldenhawera cuprea
Moldenhawera emarginata
Moldenhawera floribunda
Moldenhawera lushnathiana
Moldenhawera mollis
Moldenhawera nitida
Moldenhawera nutans
Moldenhawera papillanthera Moldenhawera polysperma
Moldenhawera riedelii
Moldenhawera speciosa
Monopera micrantha
Myrocarpus fastigiatus
Mysanthus
Mysanthus uleanus
Neesiochloa
Neesiochloa barbata
Neocalyptrocalyx longifolium
Neoglaziovia
Neoglaziovia variegata
Nephradenia asparagoides
Oiospermum
Oiospermum involucratum
Orthophytum maracasense
Orthophytum rubrum
Orthophytum saxicola
Oxandra reticulata
Panicum stramineum
Paralychnophora
Paralychnophora atkinsiae
Paralychnophora harleyi
Paralychnophora patriciana
Paralychnophora santosii
Parapiptadenia zehntneri
Patagonica bahiensis
Patagonula bahiana
Pavonia blanchetiana
Pavonia erythrolema
Pavonia glazioviana
Pavonia martii
Pavonia repens
Pavonia spinistipula
Pavonia varians
Pavonia zehntneri
Pereskia aureiflora
Pereskia bahiensis
Pereskia stenantha
Phyllostylon brasiliense
Pilocarpus sulcatus
Pilocarpus trachylophus
Pilosocereus densiareolatus
Pilosocereus flavipulvinatus
Pilosocereus floccosus
Pilosocereus glaucochrous
Pilosocereus gounellei
Pilosocereus magnificus
Pilosocereus multicostatus
Pilosocereus pachycladus
Pilosocereus pentaedrophorus
Pilosocereus piauhyensis
Pilosocereus squamosus
Pilosocereus tuberculatus
Piqueriella
Piqueriella brasiliensis
Piriadacus
Piriadacus erubescens
Piriqueta asperifolia
Piriqueta assuruensis
Piriqueta carnea
Piriqueta densiflora var densiflora
Piriqueta dentata
Piriqueta duarteana var ulei
Piriqueta scabrida
Pithecoseris
Pithecoseris pacourinoides
Podocarpus lambertii
Prunus brasiliensis
Pseudoacanthocereus brasiliensis
Pseudobombax marginatum
Pseudobombax simplicifolium
Pseudopilocereus tuberculatus
Pseudopiptadenia brenanii
Pseudostifftia
Pseudostifftia kingii
Pterocarpus lucens
Pterocarpus monophyllus
Quiabentia zehntneri
Randia armata
Rayleya
Rayleya bahiensis
Rhamnidium molle
Rhynchospora calderana
Rubus brasiliensis
Ruprechtia glauca
Schubertia morilloana
Schubertia multiflora
Senna acuruensis var acuruensis
Senna acuruensis var catingae
Senna acuruensis var interjecta
Senna aversiflora
Senna gardneri
Senna harleyi
Senna lechriosperma
Senna martiana
Senna rizzinii
Senna trachypus
Serjania coradinii
Sida galheirensis
Simira gardneriana
Solanum jabrense
Sparattosperma catingae
Spathicarpa gardneri
Spondias tuberosa
Stephanocereus leucostele
Stigmaphyllon harleyi
Stylosanthes bahiensis
Syagrus microphylla
Syagrus vagans
Tabebuia spongiosa
Taccarum ulei
Tacinga funalis
Tacinga inamoena
Tacinga palmadora
Teixeiranthus
Teixeiranthus pohlii
Telmatophila
Telmatophila scolymastrum
Trischidium decipiens
Varronia dardani
Varronia globosa
Varronia leucocephala
Varronia leucomalloides
Varronia tarodaea
Vellozia cinerascens
Waltheria ferruginea
Wissadula contracta
Wissadula excelsior
Zanthoxylum hamadryadicum
Zanthoxylum stelligerum
Zanthoxylum syncarpum
Ziziphus cotinifolia
Ziziphus joazeiro
Zornia afranioi
Zornia echinocarpa
Zornia harmsiana
Zornia ulei


Summary

Included here is Brazil’s Provinca de la Caatinga and includes the highlands of northeastern Brazil. It extends from Turiacu south to the southern boundary of the state of Espirito Santo. Caatinga is a term that was used by indigenous people to describe open forest or white forest.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 457 endemic species, subspecies, varieties in 189 genera and 48 families. There are 42 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, Martyniaceae is restricted to the New World.

References

Paganucci de Queiroz, L. 2006. The Brazilian Caatinga: Phytogeographical Patterns Inferred from the Data of the Leguminosae. In: Neotropical Savannas and Seasonally Dry Forests. Plant Diversity, Biogeography, and Conservation. Eds. R. T. Pennington, G. P. Lewis and J. A. Ratter. Taylor & Francis.

Reis, A. M. S., Araújo, E. L., Ferraz, E. M. N. & Moura, A. N. 2006. Inter-annual variations in the floristic and population structure of an herbaceous community of “caatinga” vegetation in Pernambuco, Brazil. Revista Brasileira De Botanica, 29: 497-508.

Rocha, P. L. B. da., Queiroz, L. P. de. & Pirani, J. R. 2004. Plant species and habitat structure in a sand dune field in the Brazilian Caatinga: a homogenous habitat harbouring an endemic biota. Revista Brasiliera de Botânica, 27: 1-19.