Endemics in Family Order

Aextoxicaceae
Aextoxicon
Aextoxicon punctatum

Alstroemeriaceae
Alstroemeria angustifolia
Alstroemeria crispata
Alstroemeria diluta ssp chrysantha
Alstroemeria exserens
Alstroemeria hookeri ssp recumbens
Alstroemeria ligtu ssp ligtu
Alstroemeria ligtu ssp simsii
Alstroemeria ligtu ssp splendens
Alstroemeria magnifica ssp magnifica
Alstroemeria magnifica var magenta
Alstroemeria magnifica var tofoensis
Alstroemeria pallida
Alstroemeria pelegrina
Alstroemeria presliana ssp presliana
Alstroemeria pseudospathulata
Alstroemeria pulchra ssp pulchra
Alstroemeria pulchra var maxima
Alstroemeria revoluta
Alstroemeria spathulata
Alstroemeria umbellata
Bomarea endemic subgen.
Bomarea salsilla
Luzuriaga polyphylla

Amaranthaceae
Alternanthera junciflora

Amaryllidaceae
Gilliesia
Gilliesia graminea
Gilliesia montana
Hieronymiella marginata
Leucocoryne
Leucocoryne alliacea
Leucocoryne ixioides
Leucocoryne purpurea
Leucocoryne vittata
Miersia
Miersia chilensis
Phycella bicolor
Phycella ignea
Placea
Placea amoena
Placea arzae
Placea davidii
Placea germainii
Placea lutea
Placea ornata
Rhodophiala andicola
Rhodophiala bagnoldii
Rhodophiala laeta
Rhodophiala montana
Rhodophiala phycelloides
Rhodophiala splendens
Solaria brevicoalita
Speea triloba
Traubia modesta

Anacardiaceae
Lithrea caustica
Schinus latifolius
Schinus montanus
Schinus polygamus

Apiaceae
Asteriscium chilense
Bustillosia chilensis
Dipterygia
Dipterygia chilense
Domeykoa oppositifolia
Domeykoa perennis
Gymnophyton
Gymnophyton flexuosum
Gymnophyton isatidicarpum
Gymnophyton robustum
Homalocarpus
Homalocarpus dichotomus
Huanaca acaulis
Laretia
Laretia acaulis
Mulinum
Mulinum spinosum
Tritaenicum nudum

Apocynaceae
Diplolepis boerhaviifolia
Diplolepis nummulariifolia
Elytropus
Elytropus chilensis
Skytanthus acutus

Araliaceae
Hydrocotyle filipes
Raukaua laetevirens
Raukaua valdiviensis

Araucariaceae
Araucaria heterophylla

Arecaceae
Juania
Juania australis
Jubaea
Jubaea chilensis
Paschalococos
Paschalococos disperta

Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochia bridgesii
Aristolochia chilensis

Asteraceae
Acrisione
Acrisione cymosa
Acrisione denticulata
Adenocaulon chilense
Baccharis macraei
Baccharis sphaerocephala
Bahia ambrosioides
Belloa chilensis
Calopappus
Calopappus acerosus
Centaurea cachinalensis
Centaurea chilensis
Centaurodendron
Centaurodendron dracaenoides
Centaurodendron palmiforme
Chaetanthera chilensis var. tenuifolia
Chaetanthera ciliata
Chaetanthera flabellifolia
Chaetanthera glabrata
Chaetanthera linearis
Chaetanthera moenchioides
Chaetanthera pusilla
Chaetanthera villosa
Chiliotrichum angustifolium
Chiliotrichum diffusum
Chiliotrichum tenue
Dendroseris
Dendroseris berteroana
Dendroseris gigantea
Dendroseris lacerata
Dendroseris litoralis
Dendroseris macrantha
Dendroseris macrophylla
Dendroseris marginata
Dendroseris micrantha
Dendroseris neriifolia
Dendroseris pinnata
Dendroseris pruinata
Dendroseris regia
Flourensia thurifera
Gochnatia foliolosa
Gutierrezia gayana
Guynesomia
Guynesomia scoparia
Gypothamnium
Gypothamnium pinifolium
Haplopappus foliosus
Happlopappus nahuelbutae
Hypochaeris apargioides
Hypochaeris arenaria
Hypochaeris clarionoides
Hypochaeris cupressorum
Hypochaeris deserticola
Hypochaeris grandidentata
Hypochaeris hispidula
Hypochaeris jussieui
Hypochaeris laciniosa
Hypochaeris lessingii
Hypochaeris melanolepis
Hypochaeris nahuelvutae
Hypochaeris palustris
Hypochaeris pilosa
Hypochaeris scorzonerae
Hypochaeris spathulata
Hypochaeris thermarum
Hypochaeris thrincioides
Hypochaeris toltensis
Jungia revoluta
Leptocarpha
Leptocarpha rivularis
Leucheria viscida
Leunisia
Leunisia laeta
Lycapsus
Lycapsus tenuifolius
Macrachaenium gracile
Madia chilensis
Marticorenia
Marticorenia foliosa
Moscharia
Moscharia pinnatifida
Moscharia solbrigii
Mutisia araucana
Mutisia cana
Mutisia decurrens
Mutisia linearifolia
Mutisia subulata
Oriastrum albicaule
Oriastrum apiculatum
Oxyphyllum
Oxyphyllum ulicinum
Pachylaena
Pachylaena atriplicifolia
Plectocephalus cachinalensis
Plectocephalus chilensis
Plectocephalus floccosus
Pleocarphus
Pleocarphus revolutus
Podanthus mitiqui
Podanthus ovatifolius
Polyachyrus
Polyachyrus carduoides
Proustia cuneifolia
Proustia ilicifolia
Proustia pyrifolia
Senecio cymosus
Senecio eruciformis
Senecio johnstonianus
Thamnoseris
Thamnoseris lacerata
Thamnoseris lobata
Triptilion
Triptilion spinosum
Urmenetea
Urmenetea atacamensis
Viguiera gayana
Villanova robusta

Atherospermataceae
Laurelia aromatica
Laurelia sempervirens

Berberidaceae
Berberis actinacantha
Berberis bidentata
Berberis chilensis var chilensis
Berberis glomerata
Berberis negeriana
Berberis rotundifolia

Berberidopsidaceae
Berberidopsis corallina

Bignoniaceae
Argylia
Argylia potentillifolia
Campsidium
Campsidium valdivianum

Boraginaceae
Cordia decandra
Cryptantha gnaphalioides
Cryptantha involucrata
Heliotropium chenopodiaceum
Heliotropium stenophyllum
Nesocaryum
Nesocaryum stylosum
Selkirkia
Selkirkia berteroi

Brassicaceae
Hollermayera
Hollermayera valdiviana
Menonvillea cuneata

Bromeliaceae
Deuterocohnia chrysantha
Fascicularia
Fascicularia bicolor ssp bicolor
Fascicularia bicolor ssp canaliculata
Fascicularia kirchhoffiana
Greigia sphacelata
Ochagavia
Ochagavia carnea
Puya berteroniana
Puya boliviensis
Puya chilensis
Puya coerulea
Puya venusta
Tillandsia geissei

Cactaceae
Austrocactus
Austrocactus philippii
Austrocactus spiniflorus
Copiapoa
Copiapoa calderana ssp calderana
Copiapoa cinerea ssp columna-alba
Copiapoa coquimbana var fiedleriana
Copiapoa dealbata
Copiapoa echinoides
Copiapoa gigantea ssp haseltoniana
Copiapoa longistaminea
Copiapoa marginata
Copiapoa serpentisulcata
Cumulopuntia tumida
Echinopsis chiloensis
Echinopsis chiloensis ssp litoralis
Erdisia
Erdisia philipii
Eriosyce aurata
Eriosyce eriosyzoides
Eriosyce odieri var malleolata
Eriosyce paucicostata ssp echinus
Eriosyce rodentiophila
Eriosyce taltalensis
Eulychnia breviflora
Eulychnia castanea
Maihuenia
Maihuenia poeppigii
Maihueniopsis colorea
Maihueniopsis domeykoensis
Maihueniopsis grandiflora
Miqueliopuntia
Miqueliopuntia miquelii
Neoporteria nidus
Pterocactus
Pterocactus superpose
Reicheocactus
Reicheocactus pseudoreicheanus
Tephrocactus camachoi
Tephrocactus echinaceus
Tephrocactus heteromorphus
Tephrocactus leoninus
Tephrocactus parvisetus
Trichocereus deserticola

Calceolariaceae
Calceolaria alba
Calceolaria arachnoidea
Calceolaria ascendens ssp glandulifera
Calceolaria ascendens ssp ascendens
Calceolaria cana
Calceolaria cavanillesii
Calceolaria collina
Calceolaria corymbosa ssp corymbosa
Calceolaria corymbosa ssp floccosa
Calceolaria corymbosa ssp mimuloides
Calceolaria flavovirens
Calceolaria meyeniana
Calceolaria morisii
Calceolaria nudicaulis
Calceolaria paralia
Calceolaria petiolaris
Calceolaria polifolia
Calceolaria purpurea
Calceolaria segethi
Calceolaria thyrsiflora

Calyceraceae
Calycera herbacea
Nastanthus spathulatus

Campanulaceae
Cyphocarpus
Cyphocarpus rigescens
Lobelia bridgesii
Lobelia excelsa
Lobelia polyphylla

Caprifoliaceae
Valeriana graciliceps

Cardiopteridaceae
Citronella mucronata

Caricaceae
Vasconcellea chilensis

Caryophyllaceae
Microphyes
Microphyes litoralis
Microphyes minima
Reicheella
Reicheella andicola
Sanctambrosia
Sanctambrosia manicata
Stellaria chilensis

Cleomaceae
Cleome chilensis

Cornaceae
Griselinia scandens

Corsiaceae
Arachnitis uniflora

Cunoniaceae
Weinmannia trichosperma

Cupressaceae
Austrocedrus
Austrocedrus chilensis
Fitzroya
Fitzroya cupressoides

Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea bryoniaefolia
Dioscorea humifusa
Dioscorea saxatilis
Dioscorea volckmannii

Elaeocarpaceae
Crinodendron
Crinodendron patagua

Ericaceae
Lebetanthus
Lebetanthus myrsinites

Escalloniaceae
Escallonia revoluta

Euphorbiaceae
Adenopeltis
Adenopeltis serrata
Avellanita
Avellanita bustillosii
Colliguaja odorifera
Colliguaja salicifolia
Croton chilensis
Euphorbia lactiflua

Fabaceae
Adesmia argentea
Adesmia argyrophylla
Adesmia eremophila
Adesmia parviflora
Balsamocarpon
Balsamocarpon brevifolium
Caesalpinia angulata
Gourliea
Gourliea chilensis
Hoffmannseggia doellii
Prosopis tamarugo
Sophora macrocarpa

Geraniaceae
Cruckshanksia montiana
Sarmienta
Sarmienta scandens

Gomortegaceae
Gomortega
Gomortega keule

Grossulariaceae
Ribes gayanum

Hymenophyllaceae
Hymenoglossum cruentum

Iridaceae
Olsynium scirpoideum ssp scirpoideum
Sisyrinchium pearcei

Krameriaceae
Krameria cistoidea

Lamiaceae
Clinopodium multiflorum
Cuminia
Cuminia eriantha
Stachys philippiana
Teucrium bicolor

Lardizabalaceae
Boquila trifoliolata
Lardizabala biternata

Lauraceae
Beilschmiedia berteroana
Beilschmiedia miersii
Cryptocarya alba

Liliaceae
Trichopetalum plumosum

Loasaceae
Blumenbachia silvestris
Huidobria
Huidobria chilensis
Huidobria fruticosa
Loasa pallida
Loasa triloba
Scyphanthus
Scyphanthus elegans
Scyphanthus stenocarpus

Loranthaceae
Tristerix aphyllus

Lythraceae
Pleurophora pungens

Malpighiaceae
Dinemagonum
Dinemagonum ericoides
Dinemagonum gayanum

Malvaceae
Corynabutilon viride
Corynabutilon vitifolium
Cristaria adenophora
Cristaria cordato-rotundifolia
Cristaria integerrima
Palaua concinna

Melianthaceae
Francoa
Francoa ramosa
Francoa sonchifolia var appendiculata
Tetilla
Tetilla hydrocotylifolia

Misodendraceae
Misodendrum oblongifolium

Monimiaceae
Peumus boldus

Montiaceae
Cistanthe celosioides
Cistanthe grandiflora
Montiopsis sericea

Myrtaceae
Blepharocalyx cruckshanksii
Legrandia
Legrandia concinna
Luma chequen
Myrceugenia correifolia
Myrceugenia lanceolata
Myrceugenia pinifolia
Myrceugenia rufa
Ugni candollei

Nothofagaceae
Nothofagus alessandri
Nothofagus alpina
Nothofagus antarctica
Nothofagus macrocarpa
Nothofagus nitida
Nothofagus obliqua

Onagraceae
Fuchsia lycioides
Oenothera acaulis
Oenotheridium

Orchidaceae
Bipinnula plumosa
Brachystele unilateralis
Chloraea bletioides
Chloraea cristata
Chloraea galeata
Chloraea heteroglossa
Chloraea nudilabia
Codonorchis lessonii

Orobanchaceae
Euphrasia andicola
Euphrasia flavicans

Oxalidaceae
Oxalis bulbocastanum
Oxalis gigantea
Oxalis rosea

Passifloraceae
Malesherbia
Malesherbia fasciculata
Malesherbia linearifolia
Malesherbia multiflora

Philesiaceae
Lapageria rosea

Phrymaceae
Mimulus bridgesii
Mimulus luteus

Phytolaccaceae
Anisomeria
Anisomeria chilensis
Anisomeria coriacea
Anisomeria densiflora
Anisomeria fruticosa
Ercilla
Ercilla spicata
Ercilla syncarpellata

Piperaceae
Peperomia coquimbensis
Peperomia fernandeziana

Poaceae
Megalachne
Megalachne berteroniana
Megalachne masafuerana
Ortachne rariflora
Podophorus
Podophorus bromoides

Podocarpaceae
Podocarpus saligna
Saxegothaea
Saxegothaea conspicua

Polygalaceae
Polygala pratensis
Pteromonnina pterocarpa

Proteaceae
Orites myrtoidea

Quillajaceae
Quillaja saponaria

Ranunculaceae
Anemone moorei

Rhamnaceae
Colletia ulicina
Retanilla ephedra

Rosaceae
Kageneckia angustifolia
Kageneckia oblonga

Rubiaceae
Cruckshanksia montiana
Viviania
Viviania martfolia

Rutaceae
Pitavia
Pitavia punctata

Salicaceae
Azara celastrina
Azara dentata
Azara integrifolia
Azara petiolaris

Santalaceae
Myoschilos oblongum

Sapindaceae
Bridgesia
Bridgesia incisifolia
Bridgesia polyraphis

Sapotaceae
Pouteria splendens

Scrophulariaceae
Alonsoa meridionalis

Solanaceae
Fabiana viscosa
Latua
Latua pubiflora
Lycium minutifolium
Nicotiana acuminata
Nicotiana solanifolia
Nolana crassulifolia
Nolana reichei
Nolana sedifolia
Phrodus
Phrodus microphyllus
Schizanthus candidus
Schizanthus coccineus
Schizanthus lacteus
Schizanthus litoralis
Schizanthus parvulus
Schizanthus pinnatus
Schizanthus porrigens
Solanum brachyantherum
Solanum etuberosum
Solanum remyanum
Vestia
Vestia foetida

Tecophilaeaceae
Conanthera
Conanthera bifolia
Conanthera campanulata
Conanthera parvula
Conanthera trimaculata
Conanthera urceolata
Tecophilaea
Tecophilaea cyanocrocus
Zephyra
Zephyra compacta
Zephyra elegans

Thymelaeaceae
Ovidia andina
Ovidia pillopillo

Thyrsopteridaceae
Thyrsopteris
Thyrsopteris elegans

Tropaeolaceae
Tropaeolum azureum
Tropaeolum ciliatum
Tropaeolum sessilifolium
Tropaeolum speciosum
Tropaeolum tricolor

Urticaceae
Pilea elegans

Violaceae
Viola portalesia
Viola rubella

Vivianiaceae
Balbisia peduncularis

Winteraceae
Drimys winteri

Zygophyllaceae
Bulnesia chilensis
Fagonia chilensis
Pintoa
Pintoa chilensis
Porlieria chilensis


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Acrisione
Acrisione cymosa
Acrisione denticulata
Adenocaulon chilense
Adenopeltis
Adenopeltis serrata
Adesmia argentea
Adesmia argyrophylla
Adesmia eremophila
Adesmia parviflora
Aextoxicon
Aextoxicon punctatum
Alonsoa meridionalis
Alstroemeria angustifolia
Alstroemeria crispata
Alstroemeria diluta ssp chrysantha
Alstroemeria exserens
Alstroemeria hookeri ssp recumbens
Alstroemeria ligtu ssp ligtu
Alstroemeria ligtu ssp simsii
Alstroemeria ligtu ssp splendens
Alstroemeria magnifica ssp magnifica
Alstroemeria magnifica var magenta
Alstroemeria magnifica var tofoensis
Alstroemeria pallida
Alstroemeria pelegrina
Alstroemeria presliana ssp presliana
Alstroemeria pseudospathulata
Alstroemeria pulchra ssp pulchra
Alstroemeria pulchra var maxima
Alstroemeria revoluta
Alstroemeria spathulata
Alstroemeria umbellata
Alternanthera junciflora
Anemone moorei
Anisomeria
Anisomeria chilensis
Anisomeria coriacea
Anisomeria densiflora
Anisomeria fruticosa
Arachnitis uniflora
Araucaria heterophylla
Argylia
Argylia potentillifolia
Aristolochia bridgesii
Aristolochia chilensis
Asteriscium chilense
Austrocactus
Austrocactus philippii
Austrocactus spiniflorus
Austrocedrus
Austrocedrus chilensis
Avellanita
Avellanita bustillosii
Azara celastrina
Azara dentata
Azara integrifolia
Azara petiolaris
Baccharis macraei
Baccharis sphaerocephala
Bahia ambrosioides
Balbisia peduncularis
Balsamocarpon
Balsamocarpon brevifolium
Beilschmiedia berteroana
Beilschmiedia miersii
Belloa chilensis
Berberidopsis corallina
Berberis actinacantha
Berberis bidentata
Berberis chilensis var chilensis
Berberis glomerata
Berberis negeriana
Berberis rotundifolia
Bipinnula plumosa
Blepharocalyx cruckshanksii
Blumenbachia silvestris
Bomarea endemic subgen.
Bomarea salsilla
Boquila trifoliolata
Brachystele unilateralis
Bridgesia
Bridgesia incisifolia
Bridgesia polyraphis
Bulnesia chilensis
Bustillosia chilensis
Caesalpinia angulata
Calceolaria alba
Calceolaria arachnoidea
Calceolaria ascendens ssp ascendens
Calceolaria ascendens ssp glandulifera
Calceolaria cana
Calceolaria cavanillesii
Calceolaria collina
Calceolaria corymbosa ssp corymbosa
Calceolaria corymbosa ssp floccosa
Calceolaria corymbosa ssp mimuloides
Calceolaria flavovirens
Calceolaria meyeniana
Calceolaria morisii
Calceolaria nudicaulis
Calceolaria paralia
Calceolaria petiolaris
Calceolaria polifolia
Calceolaria purpurea
Calceolaria segethi
Calceolaria thyrsiflora
Calopappus
Calopappus acerosus
Calycera herbacea
Campsidium
Campsidium valdivianum
Centaurea cachinalensis
Centaurea chilensis
Centaurodendron
Centaurodendron dracaenoides
Centaurodendron palmiforme
Chaetanthera chilensis var. tenuifolia
Chaetanthera ciliata
Chaetanthera flabellifolia
Chaetanthera glabrata
Chaetanthera linearis
Chaetanthera moenchioides
Chaetanthera pusilla
Chaetanthera villosa
Chiliotrichum angustifolium
Chiliotrichum diffusum
Chiliotrichum tenue
Chloraea bletioides
Chloraea cristata
Chloraea galeata
Chloraea heteroglossa
Chloraea nudilabia
Cistanthe celosioides
Cistanthe grandiflora
Citronella mucronata
Cleome chilensis
Clinopodium multiflorum
Codonorchis lessonii
Colletia ulicina
Colliguaja odorifera
Colliguaja salicifolia
Conanthera
Conanthera bifolia
Conanthera campanulata
Conanthera parvula
Conanthera trimaculata
Conanthera urceolata
Copiapoa
Copiapoa calderana ssp calderana
Copiapoa cinerea ssp columna-alba
Copiapoa coquimbana var fiedleriana
Copiapoa dealbata
Copiapoa echinoides
Copiapoa gigantea ssp haseltoniana
Copiapoa longistaminea
Copiapoa marginata
Copiapoa serpentisulcata
Cordia decandra
Corynabutilon viride
Corynabutilon vitifolium
Crinodendron
Crinodendron patagua
Cristaria adenophora
Cristaria cordato-rotundifolia
Cristaria integerrima
Croton chilensis
Cruckshanksia montiana
Cruckshanksia montiana
Cryptantha gnaphalioides
Cryptantha involucrata
Cryptocarya alba
Cuminia
Cuminia eriantha
Cumulopuntia tumida
Cyphocarpus
Cyphocarpus rigescens
Dendroseris
Dendroseris berteroana
Dendroseris gigantea
Dendroseris lacerata
Dendroseris litoralis
Dendroseris macrantha
Dendroseris macrophylla
Dendroseris marginata
Dendroseris micrantha
Dendroseris neriifolia
Dendroseris pinnata
Dendroseris pruinata
Dendroseris regia
Deuterocohnia chrysantha
Dinemagonum
Dinemagonum ericoides
Dinemagonum gayanum
Dioscorea bryoniaefolia
Dioscorea humifusa
Dioscorea saxatilis
Dioscorea volckmannii
Diplolepis boerhaviifolia
Diplolepis nummulariifolia
Dipterygia
Dipterygia chilense
Domeykoa oppositifolia
Domeykoa perennis
Drimys winteri
Echinopsis chiloensis
Echinopsis chiloensis ssp litoralis
Elytropus
Elytropus chilensis
Ercilla
Ercilla spicata
Ercilla syncarpellata
Erdisia
Erdisia philipii
Eriosyce aurata
Eriosyce eriosyzoides
Eriosyce odieri var. malleolata
Eriosyce paucicostata ssp echinus
Eriosyce rodentiophila
Eriosyce taltalensis
Escallonia revoluta
Eulychnia breviflora
Eulychnia castanea
Euphorbia lactiflua
Euphrasia andicola
Euphrasia flavicans
Fabiana viscosa
Fagonia chilensis
Fascicularia
Fascicularia bicolor ssp bicolor
Fascicularia bicolor ssp canaliculata
Fascicularia kirchhoffiana
Fitzroya
Fitzroya cupressoides
Flourensia thurifera
Francoa
Francoa ramosa
Francoa sonchifolia var appendiculata
Fuchsia lycioides
Gilliesia
Gilliesia graminea
Gilliesia montana
Gochnatia foliolosa
Gomortega
Gomortega keule
Gourliea
Gourliea chilensis
Greigia sphacelata
Griselinia scandens
Gutierrezia gayana
Guynesomia
Guynesomia scoparia
Gymnophyton
Gymnophyton flexuosum
Gymnophyton isatidicarpum
Gymnophyton robustum
Gypothamnium
Gypothamnium pinifolium
Haplopappus foliosus
Happlopappus nahuelbutae
Heliotropium chenopodiaceum
Heliotropium stenophyllum
Hieronymiella marginata
Hoffmannseggia doellii
Hollermayera
Hollermayera valdiviana
Homalocarpus
Homalocarpus dichotomus
Huanaca acaulis
Huidobria
Huidobria chilensis
Huidobria fruticosa
Hydrocotyle filipes
Hymenoglossum cruentum
Hypochaeris apargioides
Hypochaeris arenaria
Hypochaeris clarionoides
Hypochaeris cupressorum
Hypochaeris deserticola
Hypochaeris grandidentata
Hypochaeris hispidula
Hypochaeris jussieui
Hypochaeris laciniosa
Hypochaeris lessingii
Hypochaeris melanolepis
Hypochaeris nahuelvutae
Hypochaeris palustris
Hypochaeris pilosa
Hypochaeris scorzonerae
Hypochaeris spathulata
Hypochaeris thermarum
Hypochaeris thrincioides
Hypochaeris toltensis
Juania
Juania australis
Jubaea
Jubaea chilensis
Jungia revoluta
Kageneckia angustifolia
Kageneckia oblonga
Krameria cistoidea
Lapageria rosea
Lardizabala biternata
Laretia
Laretia acaulis
Latua
Latua pubiflora
Laurelia aromatica
Laurelia sempervirens
Lebetanthus
Lebetanthus myrsinites
Legrandia
Legrandia concinna
Leptocarpha
Leptocarpha rivularis
Leucheria viscida
Leucocoryne
Leucocoryne alliacea
Leucocoryne ixioides
Leucocoryne purpurea
Leucocoryne vittata
Leunisia
Leunisia laeta
Lithrea caustica
Loasa pallida
Loasa triloba
Lobelia bridgesii
Lobelia excelsa
Lobelia polyphylla
Luma chequen
Luzuriaga polyphylla
Lycapsus
Lycapsus tenuifolius
Lycium minutifolium
Macrachaenium gracile
Madia chilensis
Maihuenia
Maihuenia poeppigii
Maihueniopsis colorea
Maihueniopsis domeykoensis
Maihueniopsis grandiflora
Malesherbia
Malesherbia fasciculata
Malesherbia linearifolia
Malesherbia multiflora
Marticorenia
Marticorenia foliosa
Megalachne
Megalachne berteroniana
Megalachne masafuerana
Menonvillea cuneata
Microphyes
Microphyes litoralis
Microphyes minima
Miersia
Miersia chilensis
Mimulus bridgesii
Mimulus luteus
Miqueliopuntia
Miqueliopuntia miquelii
Misodendrum oblongifolium
Montiopsis sericea
Moscharia
Moscharia pinnatifida
Moscharia solbrigii
Mulinum
Mulinum spinosum
Mutisia araucana
Mutisia cana
Mutisia decurrens
Mutisia linearifolia
Mutisia subulata
Myoschilos oblongum
Myrceugenia correifolia
Myrceugenia lanceolata
Myrceugenia pinifolia
Myrceugenia rufa
Nastanthus spathulatus
Neoporteria nidus
Nesocaryum
Nesocaryum stylosum
Nicotiana acuminata
Nicotiana solanifolia
Nolana crassulifolia
Nolana reichei
Nolana sedifolia
Nothofagus alessandri
Nothofagus alpina
Nothofagus antarctica
Nothofagus macrocarpa
Nothofagus nitida
Nothofagus obliqua
Ochagavia
Ochagavia carnea
Oenothera acaulis
Oenotheridium
Olsynium scirpoideum ssp scirpoideum
Oriastrum albicaule
Oriastrum apiculatum
Orites myrtoidea
Ortachne rariflora
Ovidia andina
Ovidia pillopillo
Oxalis bulbocastanum
Oxalis gigantea
Oxalis rosea
Oxyphyllum
Oxyphyllum ulicinum
Pachylaena
Pachylaena atriplicifolia
Palaua concinna
Paschalococos
Paschalococos disperta
Peperomia coquimbensis
Peperomia fernandeziana
Peumus boldus
Phrodus
Phrodus microphyllus
Phycella bicolor
Phycella ignea
Pilea elegans
Pintoa
Pintoa chilensis
Pitavia
Pitavia punctata
Placea
Placea amoena
Placea arzae
Placea davidii
Placea germainii
Placea lutea
Placea ornata
Plectocephalus cachinalensis
Plectocephalus chilensis
Plectocephalus floccosus
Pleocarphus
Pleocarphus revolutus
Pleurophora pungens
Podanthus mitiqui
Podanthus ovatifolius
Podocarpus saligna
Podophorus
Podophorus bromoides
Polyachyrus
Polyachyrus carduoides
Polygala pratensis
Porlieria chilensis
Pouteria splendens
Prosopis tamarugo
Proustia cuneifolia
Proustia ilicifolia
Proustia pyrifolia
Pterocactus
Pterocactus superpose
Pteromonnina pterocarpa
Puya berteroniana
Puya boliviensis
Puya chilensis
Puya coerulea
Puya venusta
Quillaja saponaria
Raukaua laetevirens
Raukaua valdiviensis
Reicheella
Reicheella andicola
Reicheocactus
Reicheocactus pseudoreicheanus
Retanilla ephedra
Rhodophiala andicola
Rhodophiala bagnoldii
Rhodophiala laeta
Rhodophiala montana
Rhodophiala phycelloides
Rhodophiala splendens
Ribes gayanum
Sanctambrosia
Sanctambrosia manicata
Sarmienta
Sarmienta scandens
Saxegothaea
Saxegothaea conspicua
Schinus latifolius
Schinus montanus
Schinus polygamus
Schizanthus candidus
Schizanthus coccineus
Schizanthus lacteus
Schizanthus litoralis
Schizanthus parvulus
Schizanthus pinnatus
Schizanthus porrigens
Scyphanthus
Scyphanthus elegans
Scyphanthus stenocarpus
Selkirkia
Selkirkia berteroi
Senecio cymosus
Senecio eruciformis
Senecio johnstonianus
Sisyrinchium pearcei
Skytanthus acutus
Solanum brachyantherum
Solanum etuberosum
Solanum remyanum
Solaria brevicoalita
Sophora macrocarpa
Speea triloba
Stachys philippiana
Stellaria chilensis
Tecophilaea
Tecophilaea cyanocrocus
Tephrocactus camachoi
Tephrocactus echinaceus
Tephrocactus heteromorphus
Tephrocactus leoninus
Tephrocactus parvisetus
Tetilla
Tetilla hydrocotylifolia
Teucrium bicolor
Thamnoseris
Thamnoseris lacerata
Thamnoseris lobata
Thyrsopteris
Thyrsopteris elegans
Tillandsia geissei
Traubia modesta
Trichocereus deserticola
Trichopetalum plumosum
Triptilion
Triptilion spinosum
Tristerix aphyllus
Tritaenicum nudum
Tropaeolum azureum
Tropaeolum ciliatum
Tropaeolum sessilifolium
Tropaeolum speciosum
Tropaeolum tricolor
Ugni candollei
Urmenetea
Urmenetea atacamensis
Valeriana graciliceps
Vasconcellea chilensis
Vestia
Vestia foetida
Viguiera gayana
Villanova robusta
Viola portalesia
Viola rubella
Viviania
Viviania martfolia
Weinmannia trichosperma
Zephyra
Zephyra compacta
Zephyra elegans


Summary

Included here is the Republic of Chile in South America situated in the southwest between the Andes mountains and the Pacific Ocean.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 472 species in 242 genera and 93 families. There are 84 endemic and near endemic genera all marked red but near endemic genera are in italics. There are 3 endemic families (Gomortegaceae, Lapageriaceae and Thyrsopteridaceae) but other familes have limited distributions. The family Aextoxicaceae is confined to Chile and Argentina, Misodendraceae, Quillajaceae and Vivianiaceae to South America, Alstroemeriaceae and Tropaeolaceae to South and Central America and Krameriaceae to the Americas. Other families have disjunct distributions: Berberidopsidaceae is confined to Chile and Eastern Australia, Griseliniaceae to South America and New Zealand, and Tecophilaeaceae to the Americas and Africa.

References

Arakaki, M. & Cano, A. 2003. Floristic composition of river llo-Moquegua basin and Lomas of ll0, Moquehua, Peru. Revista Peruana de Biologia, 10: 5-19. (in Spanish).

Arroyo, M. T. K, Riveros, M., Penaloza, A., Cavieres, L. & Faggi, A. M. 1996. Phytogeographic relationships and regional richness patterns of the cool temperate rainforest flora of southern South America. In: High-Latitude Rainforests and Associated Ecosystems of the west coast of the Americas. Eds. R. G. Lawford, P. B. Alaback and E. Fuentes. Springer.

Godley, E. J. 1960. The botany of southern Chile in relation to New Zealand and the subantarctic islands. The Royal Society Expedition to Southern Chile. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 152: 447-457.

Rundel, P. W. & Mahu, M. 1976. Community structure and diversity in a coastal fog desert in northern Chile. Flora, 165: 493-505.

Rundel, P. W., Dillon, M. O. & Palma, B. 1996. Flora and vegetation of Pan de Azucar National Park in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. Gayana Botanica, 53: 295-315.

Rundel, P. W., Dillon, M. O., Palma, B., Mooney, H. A., Gulmon, S. L. & Ehleringer, J. R. 1991. The phytogeography and ecology of the coastal Atacama and Peruvian deserts. Aliso, 13: 1-49.

Scottsberg. C. 1960. Remarks on the plant geography of the southern cold temperate zone. The Royal Society Expedition to Southern Chile. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 152: 447-457.

Smith-Ramirez, C. 2004. The Chilean coastal range: a vanishing centre of biodiversity and endemism in South American temperate rainforests. Biodiversity and Conservation, 13: 373-393.

Smith-Ramirez, C., Diaz, I., Pliscoff, P., Valdovinos, C., Méndez, M. A. Larrain, J. & Samaniego, H. 2007. Distribution patterns of flora and fauna in southern Chilean Coastal rain forests: Integrating Natural History and GIS. Biodiversity and Conservation, 16: 2627-2648.