Included here is the country of Colombia (officially the Republic of Colombia) which is regarded as the second most biodiverse country on the planet after Brazil.
Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 252 species and varieties in 112 genera and 47 families. There are 34 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, for such a biodiverse country this list is likely to be incomplete.
Forero, E. 1988. Botanical exploration and phytogeography of Colombia: past, present and future. Taxon, 37: 561-566.
Franco-Rosselli, P., Betancur, J. & Fernandez-Alonso, J. L. 1997. Diveridad floristica en dos bosques subandinos del sur de Colombia. Caldasia, 19: 205-234.
Hammen, T. van der. 1979. History of the flora, vegetation and climate in the Colombian Cordillera Oriental during the last five million years. In: Tropical Botany. Eds. K. Larsen and L. B. Holm-Nielsen. Academic Press.
Hammen, T. van der. & Cleef, A. M. 1986. Development of the high Andean paramo flora and vegetation. In: High Altitude Tropical Biogeography. Eds. F. Vuilleumier and M. Monasterio. Oxford University Press and American Museum of Natural History.
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Kessler, M. 2002. The elevational gradient of Andean plant endemism: varying influences of taxon-specific traits and topography at different taxonomic levels. Journal of Biogeography, 29: 1159-1165.
Krömer, T., Kessler, M., Gradstein, S. R. & Acebey, A. 2005. Diversity patterns of vascular epiphytes along an elevation gradient in the Andes. Journal of Biogeography, 32: 1799-1809.
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Luteyn, J. L. 1999. Paramos – a checklist of plant diversity, geographical distribution and botanical literature. Memoirs of The New York Botanical Garden, Volume 84.