Included here is southern Albania, most of peninsular Greece, Peloponnesus, the Ionian Islands, islands of the Aegean Sea, Crete, Karpathos, Cyprus, the Gallipoli Peninsula, the northern shores of the Sea of Marmara, the coasts of Syria, Lebanon and Palestine. A few enclaves also occur around the Black Sea shores of Anatolia.
Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there about 1464 species in 354 genera and 66 families. There are 23 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, this list is likely to be incomplete and there are reported to be over 20 endemic genera so further information is required.
Altinozlu, H. 2004. Flora of the Natural Conservation Area in Adana-Yumurtalik Lagoon (Turkey). Turkish Journal of Botany, 28: 491-506.
Artemios G. Yannitsaros, Theophanis A. Constantinidis. 1996. The rediscovery of Biebersteinia orphanidis Boiss. (Geraniaceae) in Greece. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 120: 239–242.
Deniz, I. G. & Sumbul, H. 2004. Flora of the Elmali Cedar Research Forest (Antalya / Turkey). Turkish Journal of Botany, 28: 529-555.
Duran, A. 2002. Flora of Tuzalkli, Otluk, Gidefi Mountains and surroundings (Akseki). Turkish Journal of Botany, 26: 303-349.Duzenli, A. & Cakan, H. 2001. Flora of Mount Musa (Hatay-Turkey). Turkish Journal of Botany, 25: 285-309.
Fielding, J. & Turland, N. 2005. Flowers of Crete. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
Greuter, W. 1972. The relict element of the flora of Crete and its evolutionary significance. In: Taxonomy, Phytogeography and Evolution. Ed. D. H. Valentine. Academic Press.
Greuter, W. 1979. The origins and evolution of island floras as exemplified by the Aegean Archipelago. In: Plants and Islands. Ed. D. Bramwell. Academic Press.
Meikle, R. D. 1977. Flora of Cypress. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Garden, Kew.
Meikle, R. D. 1985. Flora of Cypress. William Rudolf Sabbott.
Ocak, A. & Tokur, S. 2000. The flora of Gulumbe Dagi (Bilecik-Turkey).Turkish Journal of Botany, 24: 121-141.
Runemark, H. 1971. Distribution patterns in the Aegean. In: Plant Life of South-West Asia. Eds. P. H. Davies, P. C. Harper and I. C. Hedge. The Botanical Society of Edinburgh.
Snogerup, S. 1985. The Mediterranean islands. In: Plant Conservation in the Mediterranean. Ed. C. Gómez-Campo. Dr W. Junk Publishers.
Strid, A. 1972. Some evolutionary and phytogeographical problems in the Aegean. In: Taxonomy, Phytogeography and Evolution. Ed. D. H. Valentine. Academic Press.
Strid, A. 1985. The Greek mountains. In: Plant Conservation in the Mediterranean. Ed. C. Gómez-Campo. Dr W. Junk Publishers.
Tsintides, T Ch. 1998. The Endemic Plants of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Group.
Turkmen, N. & Duzenli, A. 1998. The flora of Dortyol and Erzin districts of Hatay Province in Turkey. Turkish Journal of Botany, 22: 121-141.
Varol, O. 2003. Flora of Baskonus Mountain (Kahramanmaras).Turkish Journal of Botany, 27: 117-139.
Zohary, M. 1962. Plant Life of Palestine. The Ronald Press Company, New York.
Zohary, M. 1973. Geobotanical Foundations of the Middle East. Volumes 1 & 2. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart & Swets & Zeitlinger, Amsterdam.Zohary, M., Heyn, C. C. & Heller, D. 1980. Conspectus Florae Orientalis. The Israel Academy of Science and Humanities. Jerusalem.