Endemics in Family Order

Acanthaceae
Calophanoides loheri
Peristrophe montana
Peristrophe strigosa
Phlogacanthus pyramidalis
Pseuderanthemum haikangense
Rostellularia humilis
Staurogyne rivularis
Staurogyne strigosa
Thunbergia eberhardtii

Achariaceae
Ahernia glandulosa
Hydnocarpus hainanensis

Altingiaceae
Altingia obovata

Amaranthaceae
Deeringia polysperma

Anacardiaceae
Buchanania microphylla

Annonaceae
Artabotrys pilosus
Fissistigma oldhamii var longistipitatum
Goniothalamus chinensis
Goniothalamus howii
Oncodostigma hainanense
Uvaria tonkinensis var subglabra

Apocynaceae
Dischidia tonkinensis
Hoya ovalifolia
Merrillanthus
Merrillanthus hainanensis
Pentastelma
Pentastelma auritum
Rauvolfia verticillata
Secamone bonii
Telosma procumbens
Urceola xylinabariopsoides

Aquifoliaceae
Ilex dolichopoda
Ilex huana
Ilex nuculicava
Ilex pubilimba
Ilex shimeica
Ilex sterrophylla

Araceae
Alocasia hainanica
Arisaema pattaniense
Schismatoglottis hainanensis

Araliaceae
Heteropanax hainanensis
Schefflera arboricola
Schefflera hainanensis
Schefflera heptaphylla

Arecaceae
Chuniophoenix hainanensis
Chuniophoenix humilis
Chuniophoenix nana

Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochia hainanensis
Thottea hainanensis

Asparagaceae
Aspidistra fimbriata

Asteraceae
Ainsliaea latifolia ssp henryi
Hainanecio
Hainanecio hainanensis
Strobocalyx chunii

Balanophoraceae
Balanophora indica

Balsaminaceae
Impatiens hainanensis

Begoniaceae
Begonia augustinei
Begonia peltatifolia

Berberidaceae
Mahonia oiwakensis

Boraginaceae
Ehretia changjiangensis

Burmanniaceae
Burmannia cryptopetala

Burseraceae
Canarium album

Buxaceae
Buxus hainanensis

Capparaceae
Capparis formosana

Caryophyllaceae
Dianthus longicalyx

Celastraceae
Maytenus hainanensis
Pleurostylia cochinchinensis

Chloranthaceae
Hedyosmum orientale

Combretaceae
Terminalia nigrovenulosa

Commelinaceae
Cyanotis loureiroana

Convolvulaceae
Cuscuta australis

Crassulaceae
Sedum stellariifolium

Cupressaceae
Glyptostrobus
Glyptostrobus pensilis

Cyperaceae
Carex commixta
Cyperus exaltatus var hainanensis
Fimbristylis chingmaiensis
Schoenoplectus pseudoarticulatus

Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea pentaphylla

Dipterocarpaceae
Hopea hainanensis
Vatica astrotricha
Vatica mangachapoi

Ebenaceae
Diospyros corallina
Diospyros metcalfii
Diospyros strigosa

Elaeagnaceae
Elaeagnus gaudichaudiana

Ericaceae
Rhododendron hainanense
Vaccinium chunii

Eriocaulaceae
Eriocaulon sclerophyllum

Euphorbiaceae
Acalypha hainanensis
Blachia chunii
Blachia jatrophifolia
Cnesmone hainanensis
Cnesmone tonkinensis
Croton laniflorus
Croton laui
Croton olivaceus
Dimorphocalyx poilanei
Erismanthus sinensis
Euphorbia hainanensis
Homalanthus fastuosus
Koilodepas hainanense
Trigonostemon chinensis
Trigonostemon howii

Fabaceae
Bauhinia khasiana
Bauhinia pyrrhoclada
Crotalaria jianfengensis
Dendrolobium lanceolatum
Dolichos thorelii
Dunbaria henryi
Ormosia howii
Peltophorum tonkinense
Rhynchosia acuminatissima
Sindora glabra
Sophora praetorulosa
Spatholobus harmandii
Teyleria koordersii
Trifidacanthus unifoliolatus

Fagaceae
Castanopsis echinocarpa
Castanopsis hainanensis
Castanopsis wenchangensis
Cyclobalanopsis blakei
Cyclobalanopsis dongfangensis
Cyclobalanopsis neglecta
Cyclobalanopsis tiaoloshanica
Lithocarpus corneus
Lithocarpus konishii
Quercus bawanglingensis

Gentianaceae
Gentiana davidii

Gesneriaceae
Cathayanthe
Cathayanthe biflora
Metapetrocosmea
Metapetrocosmea peltata
Paraboea changjiangensis

Goodeniaceae
Scaevola hainanensis

Hamamelidaceae
Chunia
Chunia bucklandioides
Distylium rigidifolium
Semiliquidambar
Semiliquidambar cathayensis

Icacinaceae
Nothapodytes obtusifolia
Platea parvifolia

Lamiaceae
Callicarpa kochiana var laxiflora
Clerodendron hainanense
Leucas chinensis
Paraphlomis pagantha
Premna subscandens
Wenchengia
Wenchengia alternifolia

Lauraceae
Actinodaphne paotingensis
Alseodaphne hainanensis
Alseodaphne rugosa
Beilschmiedia baotingensis
Beilschmiedia obconica
Beilschmiedia tungfangensis
Cryptocarya densiflora
Cryptocarya leiana
Machilus lohuiensis
Machilus tsanaii
Neolitsea howii

Lythraceae
Sonneratia hainanensis

Magnoliaceae
Lirianthe albosericea
Manglietia fordiana var hainanensis

Malvaceae
Decaschistia mouretii var nervifolia
Firmiana pulcherrima
Grewia concolor
Heritiera parvifolia
Reevesia botingensis
Reevesia longipetiolata
Sterculia hainanensis
Tilia hainanensis
Triumfetta grandidens var glabra

Melastomataceae
Medinilla lanceata
Memecylon octocostatum
Scorpiothyrsus
Scorpiothyrsus erythrotrichus
Scorpiothyrsus xanthostictus

Meliaceae
Aglaia tetrapetala
Dysoxylum grandifolium
Munronia pinnata
Munronia unifoliolata
Reinwardtiodendron humile
Walsura pinnata

Menispermaceae
Cyclea gracillima
Tinospora hainanensis

Moraceae
Ficus pandurata
Ficus vasculosa
Streblus ilicifolius

Myristicaceae
Horsfieldia kingii

Myrtaceae
Decaspermum austrohainanicum
Syzygium boisianum
Syzygium hainanense
Syzygium howii
Syzygium jienfunicum

Ochnaceae
Campylospermum striatum

Orchidaceae
Apostasia ramifera
Appendicula micrantha
Bulbophyllum pectenveneris
Cirrhopetalum stramineum
Cleisostoma parishii
Crepidium finetii
Dendrobium loddigesii
Eulophia zollingeri
Habenaria pantlingiana
Liparis delicatula
Oberonia anthropophora
Pinalia pubescens
Vrydagzynea nuda

Pentaphylacaceae
Adinandra hainanensis
Anneslea fragrans
Eurya cuneata var glabra
Eurya pentagyna
Pentaphylax euryoides

Phyllanthaceae
Antidesma hainanense
Bridelia parvifolia
Phyllanthus arenarius
Phyllanthus pachyphyllus
Richeriella gracilis

Pinaceae
Keteleeria hainanensis
Pinus fenzeliana
Pinus massoniana var hainanensis

Poaceae
Bambusa diaoluoshanensis
Garnotia acutigluma
Phragmites karka
Saccharum formosanum
Sasa hainanensis
Schizostachyum hainanense
Schizostachyum jaculans
Schizostachyum pseudolima

Podocarpaceae
Corneria pierrei
Bracteocarpus imbricatus
Podocarpus neriifolius

Polygalaceae
Polygala bawanglingensis
Xanthophyllum attopevense
Xanthophyllum hainanense

Primulaceae
Ardisia baotingensis
Ardisia crassinervosa
Ardisia densilepidotula
Ardisia humilis
Ardisia obtusa
Ardisia porifera
Maesa membranacea

Rhamnaceae
Rhamnus hainanensis
Rhamnus longipes
Ziziphus fungii

Rosaceae
Eriobotrya deflexa

Rubiaceae
Brachytome hainanensis
Canthium hainanense
Chassalia curviflora var longifolia
Gardenia angkorensis
Hedyotis ampliflora
Hedyotis chereevensis
Hedyotis exserta
Ixora cephalophora
Lasianthus chevalieri
Lasianthus curtisii
Lasianthus micranthus
Lasianthus obscurus
Morinda officinalis var hirsuta
Ophiorrhiza cantonensis
Ophiorrhiza subrubescens
Oxyceros griffithii
Spermacoce exilis
Spiradiclis hainanensis
Tarenna laui
Wendlandia guangdongensis

Rutaceae
Clausena hainanensis
Fortunella bawangica
Murraya microphylla

Salicaceae
Casearia membranacea
Casearia velutina
Homalium ceylanicum
Homalium paniculiflorum
Populus qiongdaoensis

Sapindaceae
Allophylus trichophyllus
Lepisanthes hainanensis
Lepisanthes unilocularis
Mischocarpus hainanensis
Paranephelium hainanense

Sapotaceae
Madhuca hainanensis
Planchonella clemensii
Xantolis longispinosa

Selaginellaceae
Selaginella hainanensis

Symplocaceae
Symplocos adenophylla
Symplocos cochinchinensis var angustifolia
Symplocos hainanensis
Symplocos paniculata
Symplocos poilanei
Symplocos viridissima

Taxaceae
Cephalotaxus mannii
Cephalotaxus sinensis

Urticaceae
Boehmeria formosana
Boehmeria lohuiensis
Boehmeria pilosiuscula
Dendrocnide stimulans

Vitaceae
Tetrastigma godefroyanum

Zingiberaceae
Elettariopsis monophylla
Etlingera littoralis


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Acalypha hainanensis
Actinodaphne paotingensis
Adinandra hainanensis
Aglaia tetrapetala
Ahernia glandulosa
Ainsliaea latifolia ssp henryi
Allophylus trichophyllus
Alocasia hainanica
Alseodaphne hainanensis
Alseodaphne rugosa
Altingia obovata
Anneslea fragrans
Antidesma hainanense
Apostasia ramifera
Appendicula micrantha
Ardisia baotingensis
Ardisia crassinervosa
Ardisia densilepidotula
Ardisia humilis
Ardisia obtusa
Ardisia porifera
Arisaema pattaniense
Aristolochia hainanensis
Artabotrys pilosus
Aspidistra fimbriata
Balanophora indica
Bambusa diaoluoshanensis
Bauhinia khasiana
Bauhinia pyrrhoclada
Begonia augustinei
Begonia peltatifolia
Beilschmiedia baotingensis
Beilschmiedia obconica
Beilschmiedia tungfangensis
Blachia chunii
Blachia jatrophifolia
Boehmeria formosana
Boehmeria lohuiensis
Boehmeria pilosiuscula
Brachytome hainanensis
Bracteocarpus imbricatus
Bridelia parvifolia
Buchanania microphylla
Bulbophyllum pectenveneris
Burmannia cryptopetala
Buxus hainanensis
Callicarpa kochiana var laxiflora
Calophanoides loheri
Campylospermum striatum
Canarium album
Canthium hainanense
Capparis formosana
Carex commixta
Casearia membranacea
Casearia velutina
Castanopsis echinocarpa
Castanopsis hainanensis
Castanopsis wenchangensis
Cathayanthe
Cathayanthe biflora
Cephalotaxus mannii
Cephalotaxus sinensis
Chassalia curviflora var longifolia
Chunia
Chunia bucklandioides
Chuniophoenix hainanensis
Chuniophoenix humilis
Chuniophoenix nana
Cirrhopetalum stramineum
Clausena hainanensis
Cleisostoma parishii
Clerodendron hainanense
Cnesmone hainanensis
Cnesmone tonkinensis
Corneria pierrei
Crepidium finetii
Crotalaria jianfengensis
Croton laniflorus
Croton laui
Croton olivaceus
Cryptocarya densiflora
Cryptocarya leiana
Cuscuta australis
Cyanotis loureiroana
Cyclea gracillima
Cyclobalanopsis blakei
Cyclobalanopsis dongfangensis
Cyclobalanopsis neglecta
Cyclobalanopsis tiaoloshanica
Cyperus exaltatus var hainanensis
Decaschistia mouretii var nervifolia
Decaspermum austrohainanicum
Deeringia polysperma
Dendrobium loddigesii
Dendrocnide stimulans
Dendrolobium lanceolatum
Dianthus longicalyx
Dimorphocalyx poilanei
Dioscorea pentaphylla
Diospyros corallina
Diospyros metcalfii
Diospyros strigosa
Dischidia tonkinensis
Distylium rigidifolium
Dolichos thorelii
Dunbaria henryi
Dysoxylum grandifolium
Ehretia changjiangensis
Elaeagnus gaudichaudiana
Elettariopsis monophylla
Eriobotrya deflexa
Eriocaulon sclerophyllum
Erismanthus sinensis
Etlingera littoralis
Eulophia zollingeri
Euphorbia hainanensis
Eurya cuneata var. glabra
Eurya pentagyna
Ficus pandurata
Ficus vasculosa
Fimbristylis chingmaiensis
Firmiana pulcherrima
Fissistigma oldhamii var longistipitatum
Fortunella bawangica
Gardenia angkorensis
Garnotia acutigluma
Gentiana davidii
Glyptostrobus
Glyptostrobus pensilis
Goniothalamus chinensis
Goniothalamus howii
Grewia concolor
Hainanecio
Hainanecio hainanensis
Habenaria pantlingiana
Hedyosmum orientale
Hedyotis ampliflora
Hedyotis chereevensis
Hedyotis exserta
Heritiera parvifolia
Heteropanax hainanensis
Homalanthus fastuosus
Homalium ceylanicum
Homalium paniculiflorum
Hopea hainanensis
Horsfieldia kingii
Hoya ovalifolia
Hydnocarpus hainanensis
Ilex dolichopoda
Ilex huana
Ilex nuculicava
Ilex pubilimba
Ilex shimeica
Ilex sterrophylla
Impatiens hainanensis
Ixora cephalophora
Keteleeria hainanensis
Koilodepas hainanense
Lasianthus chevalieri
Lasianthus curtisii
Lasianthus micranthus
Lasianthus obscurus
Lepisanthes hainanensis
Lepisanthes unilocularis
Leucas chinensis
Liparis delicatula
Lirianthe albosericea
Lithocarpus corneus
Lithocarpus konishii
Machilus lohuiensis
Machilus tsanaii
Madhuca hainanensis
Maesa membranacea
Mahonia oiwakensis
Manglietia fordiana var hainanensis
Maytenus hainanensis
Medinilla lanceata
Memecylon octocostatum
Merrillanthus
Merrillanthus hainanensis
Metapetrocosmea
Metapetrocosmea peltata
Mischocarpus hainanensis
Morinda officinalis var hirsuta
Munronia pinnata
Munronia unifoliolata
Murraya microphylla
Neolitsea howii
Nothapodytes obtusifolia
Oberonia anthropophora
Oncodostigma hainanense
Ophiorrhiza cantonensis
Ophiorrhiza subrubescens
Ormosia howii
Oxyceros griffithii
Paraboea changjiangensis
Paranephelium hainanense
Paraphlomis pagantha
Peltophorum tonkinense
Pentaphylax euryoides
Pentastelma
Pentastelma auritum
Peristrophe montana
Peristrophe strigosa
Phlogacanthus pyramidalis
Phragmites karka
Phyllanthus arenarius
Phyllanthus pachyphyllus
Pinalia pubescens
Pinus fenzeliana
Pinus massoniana var hainanensis
Planchonella clemensii
Platea parvifolia
Pleurostylia cochinchinensis
Podocarpus neriifolius
Polygala bawanglingensis
Populus qiongdaoensis
Premna subscandens
Pseuderanthemum haikangense
Quercus bawanglingensis
Rauvolfia verticillata
Reevesia botingensis
Reevesia longipetiolata
Reinwardtiodendron humile
Rhamnus hainanensis
Rhamnus longipes
Rhododendron hainanense
Rhynchosia acuminatissima
Richeriella gracilis
Rostellularia humilis
Saccharum formosanum
Sasa hainanensis
Scaevola hainanensis
Schefflera arboricola
Schefflera hainanensis
Schefflera heptaphylla
Schismatoglottis hainanensis
Schizostachyum hainanense
Schizostachyum jaculans
Schizostachyum pseudolima
Schoenoplectus pseudoarticulatus
Scorpiothyrsus
Scorpiothyrsus erythrotrichus
Scorpiothyrsus xanthostictus
Secamone bonii
Sedum stellariifolium
Selaginella hainanensis
Semiliquidambar
Semiliquidambar cathayensis
Sindora glabra
Sonneratia hainanensis
Sophora praetorulosa
Spatholobus harmandii
Spermacoce exilis
Spiradiclis hainanensis
Staurogyne rivularis
Staurogyne strigosa
Sterculia hainanensis
Streblus ilicifolius
Strobocalyx chunii
Symplocos adenophylla
Symplocos cochinchinensis var angustifolia
Symplocos hainanensis
Symplocos paniculata
Symplocos poilanei
Symplocos viridissima
Syzygium boisianum
Syzygium hainanense
Syzygium howii
Syzygium jienfunicum
Tarenna laui
Telosma procumbens
Terminalia nigrovenulosa
Tetrastigma godefroyanum
Teyleria koordersii
Thottea hainanensis
Thunbergia eberhardtii
Tilia hainanensis
Tinospora hainanensis
Trifidacanthus unifoliolatus
Trigonostemon chinensis
Trigonostemon howii
Triumfetta grandidens var glabra
Urceola xylinabariopsoides
Uvaria tonkinensis var subglabra
Vaccinium chunii
Vatica astrotricha
Vatica mangachapoi
Vrydagzynea nuda
Walsura pinnata
Wenchengia
Wenchengia alternifolia
Wendlandia guangdongensis
Xanthophyllum attopevense
Xanthophyllum hainanense
Xantolis longispinosa
Ziziphus fungii


Summary

Included here is the tropical island of Hainan situated in the South China Sea. It represents the smallest province in China. In the biogeographic system used in this website Hainan is part of the South Chinese biozone.

Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 287 species in 222 genera and 79 families. There are 8 endemic genera (marked red) and 2 genera (marked green) endemic to China but no endemic families. However, there are reported to be over 500 endemic species on the island so further information is required.

References

Fuwu, X., Telin, W., Zexian, L., Huagu, Y. & Binghui, C. 1995. Endemic plants of Hainan Island. Journal of Tropical and Subtropical Botany, 3: 1-12.

Ji, Z., Guangmei, Z., Huadong, W. & Jialin, X. 1990. The Natural History of China. Collins.

López-Pujol, J., Zhang, F-M., Ge, S. 2006. Plant biodiversity in China: richly varied, endangered, and in need of conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15: 3983-4026.

Zhang, R., Xing, F., Siu, L., Liu, Y., Ye, Y., Ng, S., Chen, H., Wang., F. 2007. Spermatophyte flora of Yinggeling Mountain, Hainan. Biodiversity Science, 15: 382-392.