Included here are the Hawaiian Islands and Johnston Atoll. Situated in the mid-Pacific these are the World’s most isolated islands
Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 881 species in 195 genera and 77 families. There are about 39 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, there is reported to be about 2700 endemic species so further information is required.
Baldwin, B. G. 1998. Evolution in the endemic Hawaiian Compositae. In: Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants. Eds. T. S. Stuessy and M. Ono. Cambridge University Press.
Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1960. Preliminary plant geographical analysis of the Pacific. Blumea, 10: 385-430.
Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1969. A study of the diversity of island floras. Blumea, 17: 139-178.
Campbell, D. H. 1933. The flora of the Hawaiian Islands. Quarterly Review of Biology, 8: 164-184.
Carlquist, S. 1970. Hawaii A Natural History. The American Museum of Natural History.
Carr, G. D. 1998. Chromosome evolution and speciation in Hawaiian flowering plants. In: Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants. Eds. T. S. Stuessy and M. Ono. Cambridge University Press.
Fosberg, F. R. 1984. Phytogeographic comparison of Polynesia and Micronesia. In: Biogeography of the Tropical Pacific (Proceedings of a Symposium). Eds. F. J. Radovsky, P. H. Raven and H. Sohmer. Bishop Museum Special Publication No. 72.
Gillet, G. W. 1972. The role of hybridization in the evolution of the Hawaiian flora. In: Taxonomy, Phytogeography and Evolution. Ed. D. H. Valentine. Academic Press.
Sohmer, S. H. 1990. Elements of Pacific phytodiversity. In: The Plant Diversity of Malesia. Proceedings of the Flora Malesiana Symposium commemorating Professor Dr. C. G. G. J. van Steenis Leiden, August 1989. Eds. P. Baas, K. Kalkman and R. Geesink. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Stone, B. C. 1967. A review of the endemic genera of Hawaiian plants. Botanical Review, 33: 219-259.Wagner, W. L., Herbst, D. R. & Sohmer, S. H. 1999. Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai’i. Volumes 1 & 2. Bishop Museum Special Publication 97. Bishop Museum Press.