Included here are the islands known as the Lesser Antilles most of which form the eastern boundary of the Caribbean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean to the east, while the remainder are located in the southern Caribbean just north of South America. The main islands include Anguilla, Antigua, Aruba, Barbados, Bonaire, Curacao, Dominica, Grenado, Guadeloupe, Montserrate, Nevis, St Kitts, St Lucia, St Vincent, Tobago and Trinidad.
Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 96 species in 80 genera and 47 families. There is 1 endemic genus (marked red) but no endemic families. However, the family Cyclanthaceae is confined to the neotropics.
Graveson, R. 2009. The Classification of the Vegetation of Saint Lucia. National Forest Demarcation and Bio-Physical Resource Inventory Project Caribbean-Saint Lucia (SFA 2003/SLU/BIT-04/0711/EMF/LC). Finnish Consultancy Group (FCG) International Ltd in association with AFC Consultants International GmbH. Technical Report 3. Presented to the European Commission and Banana Industry Trust.
Howard, R. A. 1979. Flora of the West Indies. In: Tropical Botany. Eds. K. Larsen and L. B. Holm-Nielsen. Academic Press.
Woods, C. A. & Sergile, F. E. 2001. Biogeography of the West Indies. Second Edition. CRC Press.