Endemics in Family Order

Apiaceae
Apium prostratum ssp howense

Apocynaceae
Marsdenia tubulosa
Parsonsia howeana
Pulassarium lindii
Pulassarium squamulosum

Arecaceae
Hedyscepe
Hedyscepe canterburyana
Howea
Howea belmoreana
Howea forsteriana
Lepidorrhachis
Lepidorrhachis mooreana

Argophyllaceae
Corokia carpodetoides

Aspleniaceae
Asplenium milnei
Asplenium pteridoides
Asplenium surrogatum

Asteraceae
Brachyscome segmentosa
Cassinia tenuifolia
Lordhowea
Lordhowea insularis
Olearia ballii
Olearia elliptica ssp praetermissa
Olearia mooneyi
Nesampelos hotteana
Senecio pauciradiatus

Blechnaceae
Blechnum fullagarii
Blechnum geniculatum
Blechnum howeanum

Brassicaceae
Lepidium howei-insulae
Lepidium nesophyllum

Campanulaceae
Wahlenbergia insulae-howei

Cannabaceae
Celtis conferta ssp amblyphylla

Convolvulaceae
Calystegia affinis

Cyatheaceae
Cyathea brevipinna
Cyathea howeana
Cyathea macarthurii
Cyathea robusta

Cyperaceae
Machaerina insularis
Uncinia filiformis var debilior

Dryopteridaceae
Cyrtomium falcatum
Lastreopsis nephrodioides
Polystichum morii
Polystichum whiteleggei

Elaeocarpaceae
Elaeocarpus costatus

Ericaceae
Dracophyllum fitzgeraldii

Fabaceae
Carmichaelia exsul
Sophora howinsula

Gesneriaceae
Negria
Negria rhabdothamnoides

Hymenophyllaceae
Cephalomanes bauerianum
Hymenophyllum howense
Hymenophyllum moorei

Iridaceae
Dietes robinsoniana

Juncaceae
Juncoides campestris var longiflora

Lamiaceae
Westringia viminalis

Lauraceae
Cryptocarya gregsoni

Loganiaceae
Geniostoma huttonii
Geniostoma petiolosum

Malvaceae
Lagunaria patersonia

Marattiaceae
Marattia howeana

Meliaceae
Dysoxylum pachyphyllum

Moraceae
Ficus macrophylla ssp columnaris
Trophis scandens

Myrtaceae
Leptospermum polygalifolium subsp. howense
Melaleuca howeana
Metrosideros sclerocarpa
Nania nervulosa
Syzygium fullageri

Oleaceae
Notelaea quadristaminea

Orchidaceae
Plectorrhiza erecta
Thelychiton howeanus
Thelychiton moorei

Osmundaceae
Leptopteris moorei

Pandanaceae
Pandanus forsteri

Passifloraceae
Passiflora herbertiana ssp insulae-howei

Piperaceae
Piper hooglandii

Pittosporaceae
Pittosporum erioloma

Plantaginaceae
Plantago helleri

Poaceae
Chionochloa howensis

Polypodiaceae
Grammitis diminuta
Grammitis nudicarpa
Grammitis wattsii
Phymatosorus pustulatus subsp. howensis

Primulaceae
Myrsine mccomishii
Myrsine myrtillina
Rapanea platystigma

Pteridaceae
Pteris altissima

Putranjivaceae
Drypetes deplanchei ssp affinis

Rubiaceae
Atractocarpus stipularis
Coprosma huttoniana
Coprosma inopinata
Coprosma lanceolaris
Coprosma prisca
Coprosma putida
Uragoga carronis

Rutaceae
Melicope contermina
Melicope polybotrya

Salicaceae
Xylosma maidenii
Xylosma parvifolium

Santalaceae
Exocarpos homalocladus
Korthalsella taenioides fo emersa

Sapindaceae
Guioa coriacea

Solanaceae
Solanum bauerianum

Symplocaceae
Symplocos candelabrum

Thymelaeaceae
Pimelea congesta

Urticaceae
Boehmeria calophleba
Elatostema grande

Violaceae
Melicytus novae-zelandiae

Winteraceae
Zygogynum howeanum

Woodsiaceae
Diplazium melanochlamys

Xanthorrhoeaceae
Dianella intermedia


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Apium prostratum ssp howense
Asplenium milnei
Asplenium pteridoides
Asplenium surrogatum
Atractocarpus stipularis
Blechnum fullagarii
Blechnum geniculatum
Blechnum howeanum
Boehmeria calophleba
Brachyscome segmentosa
Calystegia affinis
Carmichaelia exsul
Cassinia tenuifolia
Celtis conferta ssp amblyphylla
Cephalomanes bauerianum
Chionochloa howensis
Coprosma huttoniana
Coprosma inopinata
Coprosma lanceolaris
Coprosma prisca
Coprosma putida
Corokia carpodetoides
Cryptocarya gregsoni
Cyathea brevipinna
Cyathea howeana
Cyathea macarthurii
Cyathea robusta
Cyrtomium falcatum
Dianella intermedia
Dietes robinsoniana
Diplazium melanochlamys
Dracophyllum fitzgeraldii
Drypetes deplanchei ssp affinis
Dysoxylum pachyphyllum
Elaeocarpus costatus
Elatostema grande
Exocarpos homalocladus
Ficus macrophylla ssp columnaris
Geniostoma huttonii
Geniostoma petiolosum
Grammitis diminuta
Grammitis nudicarpa
Grammitis wattsii
Guioa coriacea
Hedyscepe
Hedyscepe canterburyana
Howea
Howea belmoreana
Howea forsteriana
Hymenophyllum howense
Hymenophyllum moorei
Juncoides campestris var longiflora
Korthalsella taenioides fo Emersa
Lagunaria patersonia
Lastreopsis nephrodioides
Lepidium howei-insulae
Lepidium nesophyllum
Lepidorrhachis
Lepidorrhachis mooreana
Leptopteris moorei
Leptospermum polygalifolium subsp. howense
Lordhowea
Lordhowea insularis
Machaerina insularis
Marattia howeana
Marsdenia tubulosa
Melaleuca howeana
Melicope contermina
Melicope polybotrya
Melicytus novae-zelandiae
Metrosideros sclerocarpa
Myrsine mccomishii
Myrsine myrtillina
Nania nervulosa
Negria
Negria rhabdothamnoides
Nesampelos hotteana
Notelaea quadristaminea
Olearia ballii
Olearia elliptica ssp praetermissa
Olearia mooneyi
Pandanus forsteri
Parsonsia howeana
Passiflora herbertiana ssp insulae-howei
Phymatosorus pustulatus ssp howensis
Pimelea congesta
Piper hooglandii
Pittosporum erioloma
Plantago helleri
Plectorrhiza erecta
Polystichum morii
Polystichum whiteleggei
Pteris altissima
Pulassarium lindii
Pulassarium squamulosum
Rapanea platystigma
Senecio pauciradiatus
Solanum bauerianum
Sophora howinsula
Symplocos candelabrum
Syzygium fullageri
Thelychiton howeanus
Thelychiton moorei
Trophis scandens
Uncinia filiformis var debilior
Uragoga carronis
Wahlenbergia insulae-howei
Westringia viminalis
Xylosma maidenii
Xylosma parvifolium
Zygogynum howeanum


Summary

Included here are the sub-tropical, volcanic islands of Lord Howe and Ball’s Pyramid, situated in the Tasman Sea.

Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there area about 106 species in 82 genera and 55 families. There are 5 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.

References

Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1960. Preliminary plant geographical analysis of the Pacific. Blumea, 10: 385-430.

Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1969. A study of the diversity of island floras. Blumea, 17: 139-178

Green, P. S. 1979. Observations on the phytogeography of the New Hebrides, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. In: Plants and Islands. Ed. D, Bramwell. Academic Press.

Oliver, W. R. B. 1911. The Vegetation and flora of the Lord Howe Island. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute, 49: 94-161.

Oliver, W. R. B. 1925. Biogeographical Relations of the New Zealand Region. Journal of the Linnean Society, London, 47: 99-140.

Paramonov, S. J. 1963. Lord Howe Island, A Riddle of the Pacific, Part III. Pacific Science, 17: 361-373.

Pickard, J. 1983. Rare and Threatened Vascular Plants of Lord Howe Island. Biological Conservation, 27: 125-139.

Smith, A. C. 1958. Corokia  A. Cunn. - an addition to the Australian genera of Saxifragaceae. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 69: 53-55.