Included here is the Indian Ocean island of Madagascar and its associated islands such as Nosy Be and Nosy Sainte Marie.
This page includes all of the known endemic vascula10plant flora for Madagascar. It has not been possible to separate out the endemic species for the three recognised biogeographic zones. Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 2118 species in 421 genera and 100 families. There are about 309 endemic genera (marked red) and 5 endemic families (Asteropeiaceae, Barbeuiaceae, Physenaceae, Sarcolaenaceae and Sphaerosepalaceae). The Didiereaceae is a near endemic family with 4 endemic genera in Madagascar and 3 in African. However, there are reported to be over 8000 endemic plants in Madagascar and so this page will be updated as further information becomes available.
Martin W. Callmander, Peter B. Phillipson, George E. Schatz, Sylvie Andriambololonera, Marina Rabarimanarivo, Nivo Rakotonirina, Jeannie Raharimampionona, Cyrille Chatelain, Laurent Gautier & Porter P. Lowry. 2011. The endemic and non-endemic vascular flora of Madagascar updated. Plant Ecology and Evolution, 144: 121–125.
Dorr, L. J. & Oliver, E. G. H. 1999. New taxa, names, and combinations in Erica (Ericaceae-Ericoideae) from Madagascar and the Comora Islands. Adansonia, ser. 3. 21: 75-91.
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Goodman, S. M. & Benstead, J. P. (eds). 2003. The Natural History of Madagascar. The University of Chicago Press.
Humbert, H. 1962. Flore de Madagascar et des Comores - Composees. Tomes 1-3. Typographie Firmin-Didot.
Madagascar Catalogue, 2012. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, U.S.A. and Missouri Botanical Garden, Madagascar Research and Conservation Program, Antananarivo, Madagascar. Available at: http://www.efloras.org/madagascar
Preston-Mafham, K. 1991. Madagascar a Natural History. Facts On File Limited.
Rapanarivo, S.H.J.V. 1999. Pachypodium (Apocynaceae). A. A. Balkema, Rotterdam.
Rauh, W. 1979. Problems of biological conservation in Madagasgar. In: Plants and Islands. Ed. D. Bramwell. Academic Press.
Renvoize, S. A. 1979. The origins of Indian Ocean Island floras. In : Plants and Islands. Ed. D. Bramwell. Academic Press.
Schatz, G. E. 2001. Generic Tree Flora of Madagascar. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew and Missouri Botanical Gardens.
White, F. 1983. The Vegetation of Africa. UNESCO.Wild, H. 1975. Phytogeography and Gondwanaland position of Madagasgar. Boissiera, 24: 107-117.