Included here are the Atlantic islands of Madeira and Port Santo, and the uninhabited Desertas and Salvage islands.
Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 186 species in 109 genera and 42 families. There are three endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.
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Hansen, A. 1969. Checklist of the vascular plants of the Archipelago of Medeira. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal, 24: 5-61.
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Lowe, R. T. MDCCCLXVIII. A manual Flora of Madeira. John Van Voorst. London.
Rodríguez-Sánchez, F. & Arroyo, J. 2008. Reconstructing the demise of Tethyan plants: climate-driven range dynamics of Laurus since the Pliocene. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 17: 685-695.
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