Endemics in Family Order

Acanthaceae
Hemigraphis pacifica
Pseuderanthemum inclusum
Pseuderanthemum palauense

Anacardiaceae
Buchanania engleriana
Buchanania palawensis
Semecarpus kraemeri
Semecarpus venenosus

Annonaceae
Goniothalamus carolinensis
Guamia
Guamia mariannae
Polyalthia merrillii

Apocynaceae
Hoya schneei
Hoya trukensis
Lepinia ponapensis
Lepiniopsis trilocularis
Melodinus insularis
Ochrosia mariannensis
Rauvolfia insularis

Aptandraceae
Anacolosa glochidiiformis

Aquifoliaceae
Ilex volkensiana

Araceae
Epipremnum carolinense
Scindapsus carolinensis

Araliaceae
Meryta senfftiana
Osmoxylon mariannense
Osmoxylon oliveri
Osmoxylon pachyphyllum
Osmoxylon truncatum
Polyscias grandifolia
Polyscias subcapitata
Schefflera kraemeri

Arecaceae
Clinostigma carolinense
Clinostigma ponapensis
Heterospathe elata var palauensis
Hydriastele palauensis
Metroxylon amicarum
Ponapea hosinoi
Ponapea ledermanniana
Ponapea palauensis

Boraginaceae
Cordia micronesica

Burmanniaceae
Gymnosiphon okamotoi

Capparaceae
Capparis carolinensis

Celastraceae
Maytenus palauica
Maytenus thompsonii

Clusiaceae
Calophyllum inophyllum var wakamatsui
Calophyllum pelewense
Garcinia carolinensis
Garcinia matsudai
Garcinia ponapensis
Garcinia rumiyo
Garcinia volkensii
Kayea pacifica

Combretaceae
Terminalia carolinensis
Terminalia crassipes
Terminalia rostrata

Cucurbitaceae
Trichosanthes hosokawae

Cyatheaceae
Sphaeropteris aramaganensis
Sphaeropteris nigricans

Cycadaceae
Cycas micronesica

Cyperaceae
Fimbristylis palauensis
Hypolytrum dissitiflorum
Hypolytrum flavinux
Mapania pacific

Dryopteridaceae
Elaeocarpus kerstingianus
Elaphoglossum carolinense
Elaphoglossum kusaiense

Ebenaceae
Diospyros ferrea var palauensis

Elaeocarpaceae
Elaeocarpus carolinensis
Elaeocarpus joga
Elaeocarpus kerstingianus
Elaeocarpus kusaiensis
Elaeocarpus kusanoi
Elaeocarpus rubidus

Ericaceae
Leptecophylla mariannensis

Euphorbiaceae
Claoxylon carolinianum
Claoxylon longiracemosum
Claoxylon marianum
Cleidion sessile
Croton ripensis
Croton saipanensis
Diasperus marianus
Euphorbia gaudichaudii
Macaranga thompsonii

Fabaceae
Canavalia megalantha
Crudia cynometroides
Cynometra yokotai
Dalbergia hosokawae
Dalbergia palauensis
Derris mariannensis
Mucuna pacifica
Parkia korom
Parkia parvifoliola
Rhynchosia calosperma
Serianthes nelsonii
Tephrosia mariana

Gentianaceae
Fagraea berteroana var galilai
Fagraea ksid

Gesneriaceae
Cyrtandra kusaimontana
Cyrtandra palawensis
Cyrtandra todaiensis
Cyrtandra urvillei

Gleicheniaceae
Dicranopteris weatherbyi

Hemerocallidaceae
Dianella carolinensis
Dianella saffordiana

Lamiaceae
Callicarpa lamii

Lauraceae
Cinnamomum carolinense
Cinnamomum sessilifolium

Lindsaeaceae
Tapeinidium carolinense

Loganiaceae
Geniostoma micranthum

Lomariopsidaceae
Cyclopeltis kingii

Malvaceae
Heritiera longipetiolata
Melochia villosissima
Sterculia palauensis
Sterculia ponapensis
Trichospermum ikutai
Trichospermum ledermannii

Melastomataceae
Astronidium carolinense
Astronidium palauense
Astronidium ponapensis
Medinilla blumeana
Medinilla diversifolia
Medinilla medinilliana

Meliaceae
Aglaia mariannensis

Moraceae
Artocarpus mariannensis
Ficus saffordii

Myristicaceae
Horsfieldia palauensis

Myrtaceae
Eugenia bryanii
Eugenia palumbis
Eugenia thompsonii
Myrtella bennigseniana
Syzygium carolinense
Syzygium palauensis
Syzygium stelechanthum
Syzygium thompsonii

Oleaceae
Jasminium marianum

Orchidaceae
Aglossorrhyncha micronesiaca
Agrostophyllum kusaiensis
Agrostophyllum palawense
Bulbophyllum desmanthum
Bulbophyllum fukuyamae
Bulbophyllum guamense
Bulbophyllum hatusimanum
Bulbophyllum kusaiense
Bulbophyllum micronesiacum
Cherostylis raymundii
Chiloschista loheri
Cleisostoma porrigens
Coelogyne guamensis
Corybas ponapensis
Crepidium calcarea
Crepidium kerstingiana
Crepidium palawensis
Crepidium setipes
Cystorchis ogurae
Dendrobium adamsii
Dendrobium brachyanthum
Dendrobium carolinense
Dendrobium guamense
Dendrobium implicatum
Dendrobium kerstingianum
Dendrobium kraemeri
Dendrobium oblongimentum
Dendrobium okabeanum
Dendrobium palawense
Dendrobium patentifiliforme
Dendrobium ponapense
Didymoplexis trukensis
Dienia volkensi
Diplocaulobium carolinense
Diplocaulobium elongaticolle
Diplocaulobium flavicolle
Dipodium freycinetioides
Glomera carolinensis
Liparis dolichostachya
Liparis palawensis
Liparis yamadae
Malaxis alamaganensis
Malaxis trukensis
Micropera draco
Microtatorchis hosokawae
Moerenhoutia hosokawae
Moerenhoutia laxa
Moerenhoutia leucantha
Nervilia jacksoniae
Nervilia palawensis
Nervilia trichophylla
Oberonia hosokawae
Oberonia palawensis
Oberonia ponapensis
Oberonia rotunda
Peristylis carolinensis
Peristylus palawensis
Peristylus setifera
Phreatia carolinensis
Phreatia kanehirae
Phreatia kusaiensis
Phreatia palawensis
Phreatia ponapensis
Phreatia pseudothompsonii
Phreatia thompsonii
Pseuderia micronesiaca
Pseudovanilla ponapensis
Rhynchophreatia pacifica
Robiquetia kusaiensis
Robiquetia lutea
Robiquetia palawensis
Robiquetia trukensis
Spathoglottis carolinensis
Spathoglottis micronesiaca
Taeniophyllum marianense
Taeniophyllum palawense
Taeniophyllum petrophilum
Taeniophyllum trukense
Thrixospermum arachnitiforme
Thrixospermum ponapense
Trichoglottis ledermannii
Vrydagzynea micronesiaca
Zeuxine fritzii
Zeuxine ovata
Zeuxine palawensis

Pandanaceae
Freycinetia ponapensis
Freycinetia villalobosii
Pandanus aimiriikensis
Pandanus amissus
Pandanus japensis
Pandanus kanehirae
Pandanus kusaicolus
Pandanus lorencei
Pandanus macrojeanneretia
Pandanus palawensis
Pandanus patina
Pandanus peliliuensis

Phyllanthaceae
Cleistanthus carolinianus
Cleistanthus insularis
Cleistanthus morii
Glochidion kanehirae
Glochidion macrosepalum
Glochidion marianum
Glochidion palauense
Glochidion ponapensis
Glochidion senyavinianum
Glochidion websteri
Phyllanthus marianus
Phyllanthus palauensis
Phyllanthus rupiinsularis
Phyllanthus saffordii

Piperaceae
Peperomia breviramula
Peperomia glassmanii
Peperomia kraemeri
Peperomia kusaiensis
Peperomia mariannensis
Peperomia palauensis
Peperomia palauensis var occidentalis
Peperomia ponapensis
Piper guahamense
Piper hosokawae

Poaceae
Digitaria gaudichaudii
Digitaria mezii
Isachne carolinensis
Ischaemum longisetum
Lepturus pilgerianus
Panicum palauense
Paspalum orbiculare var otobedii
Sporobolus farinosus

Polypodiaceae
Calymmodon ponapensis
Grammitis palauensis
Grammitis ponapensis
Oreogrammitis palauensis
Oreogrammitis scleroglossoides
Prosaptia palauensis

Potamogetonaceae
Potamogeton marianensis

Primulaceae
Discocalyx ladronica
Discocalyx megacarpa
Discocalyx mezii
Discocalyx palauensis
Discocalyx ponapensis
Embalia palauensis
Maesa canfieldiae
Maesa carolinensis
Maesa walkeri
Maesa palauensis
Maesa walkeri
Myrsine carolinensis
Myrsine ledermannii
Myrsine palauensis

Pteridaceae
Adiantum palaoense
Ceratopteris gaudichaudii
Ceratopteris thalictroides
Pteris tapeinidiifolia

Putranjivaceae
Drypetes carolinensis
Drypetes dolichocarpa
Drypetes nitida
Drypetes rotensis
Drypetes yapensis

Rhamnaceae
Alphitonia carolinensis
Ventilago nisidai

Rosaceae
Fragarea ksid

Rubiaceae
Atractocarpus carolinensis
Badusa palauensis
Bikkia palauensis
Hedyotis aimiriikensis
Hedyotis cornifolia
Hedyotis cushingiae
Hedyotis divaricata
Hedyotis fruticulosa
Hedyotis kanehirae
Hedyotis korrorensis
Hedyotis laciniata
Hedyotis megalantha
Hedyotis ponapensis
Hedyotis sachetiana
Hedyotis scabridifolia
Hedyotis suborthogona
Hedyotis tomentosa
Hedyotis tuyamae
Hedyotis uncinelloides
Ixora casei
Ixora triantha
Morinda latibractea
Morinda pedunculata
Ophiorrhiza palauensis
Psychotria andersonii
Psychotria arbuscula
Psychotria cheathamiana
Psychotria diospyrifolia
Psychotria hombroniana
Psychotria hombroniana var canfieldiae
Psychotria hombroniana var peliliuensis
Psychotria hosokawae
Psychotria lasianthoides
Psychotria malaspinae
Psychotria mariana
Psychotria merrillii
Psychotria mycetoides
Psychotria rhombocarpoides
Psychotria rotensis
Psychotria rotensis var palauensis
Timonius albidus
Timonius corymbosus
Timonius corymbosus var takamatsui
Timonius korrensis
Timonius ledermannii
Timonius mollis
Timonius mollis var submollis
Timonius mollis var villosissimus
Timonius ponapensis
Timonius salsedoi
Timonius subauritus
Timonius subauritus var strigosus
Uncaria lanosa var korrensis

Rutaceae
Melicope palawensis
Melicope ponapensis
Melicope trichantha

Salicaceae
Casearia cauliflora
Casearia hirtella
Xylosma nelsonii

Sapindaceae
Allophylus holophyllus
Cupaniopsis guillauminii
Elattostachys palauensis

Sapotaceae
Manilkara udoido
Palaquium karrak
Planchonella calcarea
Planchonella micronesica

Selaginellaceae
Selaginella dorsicola
Selaginella kanechirae
Selaginella kusaiensis
Selaginella palauensis
Selaginella pseudo-volkensii
Selaginella volkensii

Solanaceae
Solanum guamense
Solanum mariannense

Symplocaceae
Symplocos racemosa var palauensis

Thelypteridaceae
Cyclosorus carolinensis
Cyclosorus gretheri
Cyclosorus guamensis
Cyclosorus maemonensis
Cyclosorus palauensis
Cyclosorus perglanduliferus
Cyclosorus ponapeanus
Cyclosorus rupiinsularis

Urticaceae
Elatostema calcareum
Elatostema fenkolense
Elatostema flumineorupestre
Elatostema kusaiense
Elatostema stenophyllum
Elatostema stoloniforme
Pipturus micronesicus

Vitaceae
Cayratia palauana

Woodsiaceae
Diplazium ponapense

Zingiberaceae
Alpinia carolinensis


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Adiantum palaoense
Aglaia mariannensis
Aglossorrhyncha micronesiaca
Agrostophyllum kusaiensis
Agrostophyllum palawense
Allophylus holophyllus
Alphitonia carolinensis
Alpinia carolinensis
Anacolosa glochidiiformis
Artocarpus mariannensis
Astronidium carolinense
Astronidium palauense
Astronidium ponapensis
Atractocarpus carolinensis
Badusa palauensis
Bikkia palauensis
Buchanania engleriana
Buchanania palawensis
Bulbophyllum desmanthum
Bulbophyllum fukuyamae
Bulbophyllum guamense
Bulbophyllum hatusimanum
Bulbophyllum kusaiense
Bulbophyllum micronesiacum
Callicarpa lamii
Calophyllum inophyllum var wakamatsui
Calophyllum pelewense
Calymmodon ponapensis
Canavalia megalantha
Capparis carolinensis
Casearia cauliflora
Casearia hirtella
Cayratia palauana
Ceratopteris gaudichaudii
Ceratopteris thalictroides
Cherostylis raymundii
Chiloschista loheri
Cinnamomum carolinense
Cinnamomum sessilifolium
Claoxylon carolinianum
Claoxylon longiracemosum
Claoxylon marianum
Cleidion sessile
Cleisostoma porrigens
Cleistanthus carolinianus
Cleistanthus insularis
Cleistanthus morii
Clinostigma carolinense
Clinostigma ponapensis
Coelogyne guamensis
Cordia micronesica
Corybas ponapensis
Crepidium calcarea
Crepidium kerstingiana
Crepidium palawensis
Crepidium setipes
Croton ripensis
Croton saipanensis
Crudia cynometroides
Cupaniopsis guillauminii
Cycas micronesica
Cyclopeltis kingii
Cyclosorus carolinensis
Cyclosorus gretheri
Cyclosorus guamensis
Cyclosorus maemonensis
Cyclosorus palauensis
Cyclosorus perglanduliferus
Cyclosorus ponapeanus
Cyclosorus rupiinsularis
Cynometra yokotai
Cyrtandra kusaimontana
Cyrtandra palawensis
Cyrtandra todaiensis
Cyrtandra urvillei
Cystorchis ogurae
Dalbergia hosokawae
Dalbergia palauensis
Dendrobium adamsii
Dendrobium brachyanthum
Dendrobium carolinense
Dendrobium guamense
Dendrobium implicatum
Dendrobium kerstingianum
Dendrobium kraemeri
Dendrobium oblongimentum
Dendrobium okabeanum
Dendrobium palawense
Dendrobium patentifiliforme
Dendrobium ponapense
Derris mariannensis
Dianella carolinensis
Dianella saffordiana
Diasperus marianus
Dicranopteris weatherbyi
Didymoplexis trukensis
Dienia volkensi
Digitaria gaudichaudii
Digitaria mezii
Diospyros ferrea var. palauensis
Diplazium ponapense
Diplocaulobium carolinense
Diplocaulobium elongaticolle
Diplocaulobium flavicolle
Dipodium freycinetioides
Discocalyx ladronica
Discocalyx megacarpa
Discocalyx mezii
Discocalyx mezii
Discocalyx palauensis
Discocalyx palauensis
Discocalyx ponapensis
Drypetes carolinensis
Drypetes dolichocarpa
Drypetes nitida
Drypetes rotensis
Drypetes yapensis
Elaeocarpus carolinensis
Elaeocarpus joga
Elaeocarpus kerstingianus
Elaeocarpus kerstingianus
Elaeocarpus kusaiensis
Elaeocarpus kusanoi
Elaeocarpus rubidus
Elaphoglossum carolinense
Elaphoglossum kusaiense
Elatostema calcareum
Elatostema fenkolense
Elatostema flumineorupestre
Elatostema kusaiense
Elatostema stenophyllum
Elatostema stoloniforme
Elattostachys palauensis
Embalia palauensis
Epipremnum carolinense
Eugenia bryanii
Eugenia palumbis
Eugenia thompsonii
Euphorbia gaudichaudii
Fagraea berteroana var galilai
Fagraea ksid
Ficus saffordii
Fimbristylis palauensis
Fragarea ksid
Freycinetia ponapensis
Freycinetia villalobosii
Garcinia carolinensis
Garcinia matsudai
Garcinia ponapensis
Garcinia rumiyo
Garcinia volkensii
Geniostoma micranthum
Glochidion kanehirae
Glochidion macrosepalum
Glochidion marianum
Glochidion palauense
Glochidion ponapensis
Glochidion senyavinianum
Glochidion websteri
Glomera carolinensis
Goniothalamus carolinensis
Grammitis palauensis
Grammitis ponapensis
Guamia
Guamia mariannae
Gymnosiphon okamotoi
Hedyotis aimiriikensis
Hedyotis cornifolia
Hedyotis cushingiae
Hedyotis divaricata
Hedyotis fruticulosa
Hedyotis kanehirae
Hedyotis korrorensis
Hedyotis laciniata
Hedyotis megalantha
Hedyotis ponapensis
Hedyotis sachetiana
Hedyotis scabridifolia
Hedyotis suborthogona
Hedyotis tomentosa
Hedyotis tuyamae
Hedyotis uncinelloides
Hemigraphis pacifica
Heritiera longipetiolata
Heterospathe elata var. palauensis
Horsfieldia palauensis
Hoya schneei
Hoya trukensis
Hydriastele palauensis
Hypolytrum dissitiflorum
Hypolytrum flavinux
Ilex volkensiana
Isachne carolinensis
Ischaemum longisetum
Ixora casei
Ixora triantha
Jasminium marianum
Kayea pacifica
Lepinia ponapensis
Lepiniopsis trilocularis
Leptecophylla mariannensis
Lepturus pilgerianus
Liparis dolichostachya
Liparis palawensis
Liparis yamadae
Macaranga thompsonii
Maesa canfieldiae
Maesa carolinensis
Maesa palauensis
Maesa palauensis
Maesa walkeri
Maesa walkeri
Malaxis alamaganensis
Malaxis trukensis
Manilkara udoido
Mapania pacific
Maytenus palauica
Maytenus thompsonii
Medinilla blumeana
Medinilla diversifolia
Medinilla medinilliana
Melicope palawensis
Melicope ponapensis
Melicope trichantha
Melochia villosissima
Melodinus insularis
Meryta senfftiana
Metroxylon amicarum
Micropera draco
Microtatorchis hosokawae
Moerenhoutia hosokawae
Moerenhoutia laxa
Moerenhoutia leucantha
Morinda latibractea
Morinda pedunculata
Mucuna pacifica
Myrsine carolinensis
Myrsine ledermannii
Myrsine palauensis
Myrsine palauensis
Myrtella bennigseniana
Nervilia jacksoniae
Nervilia palawensis
Nervilia trichophylla
Oberonia hosokawae
Oberonia palawensis
Oberonia ponapensis
Oberonia rotunda
Ochrosia mariannensis
Ophiorrhiza palauensis
Oreogrammitis palauensis
Oreogrammitis scleroglossoides
Osmoxylon mariannense
Osmoxylon oliveri
Osmoxylon pachyphyllum
Osmoxylon truncatum
Palaquium karrak
Pandanus aimiriikensis
Pandanus amissus
Pandanus japensis
Pandanus kanehirae
Pandanus kusaicolus
Pandanus lorencei
Pandanus macrojeanneretia
Pandanus palawensis
Pandanus patina
Pandanus peliliuensis
Panicum palauense
Parkia korom
Parkia parvifoliola
Paspalum orbiculare var otobedii
Peperomia breviramula
Peperomia glassmanii
Peperomia kraemeri
Peperomia kusaiensis
Peperomia mariannensis
Peperomia palauensis
Peperomia palauensis var occidentalis
Peperomia ponapensis
Peristylis carolinensis
Peristylus palawensis
Peristylus setifera
Phreatia carolinensis
Phreatia kanehirae
Phreatia kusaiensis
Phreatia palawensis
Phreatia ponapensis
Phreatia pseudothompsonii
Phreatia thompsonii
Phyllanthus marianus
Phyllanthus palauensis
Phyllanthus rupiinsularis
Phyllanthus saffordii
Piper guahamense
Piper hosokawae
Pipturus micronesicus
Planchonella calcarea
Planchonella micronesica
Polyalthia merrillii
Polyscias grandifolia
Polyscias subcapitata
Ponapea hosinoi
Ponapea ledermanniana
Ponapea palauensis
Potamogeton marianensis
Prosaptia palauensis
Pseuderanthemum inclusum
Pseuderanthemum palauense
Pseuderia micronesiaca
Pseudovanilla ponapensis
Psychotria andersonii
Psychotria arbuscula
Psychotria cheathamiana
Psychotria diospyrifolia
Psychotria hombroniana
Psychotria hombroniana var canfieldiae
Psychotria hombroniana var peliliuensis
Psychotria hosokawae
Psychotria lasianthoides
Psychotria malaspinae
Psychotria mariana
Psychotria merrillii
Psychotria mycetoides
Psychotria rhombocarpoides
Psychotria rotensis
Psychotria rotensis var palauensis
Pteris tapeinidiifolia
Rauvolfia insularis
Rhynchophreatia pacifica
Rhynchosia calosperma
Robiquetia kusaiensis
Robiquetia lutea
Robiquetia palawensis
Robiquetia trukensis
Schefflera kraemeri
Scindapsus carolinensis
Selaginella dorsicola
Selaginella kanechirae
Selaginella kusaiensis
Selaginella palauensis
Selaginella pseudo-volkensii
Selaginella volkensii
Semecarpus kraemeri
Semecarpus venenosus
Serianthes nelsonii
Solanum guamense
Solanum mariannense
Spathoglottis carolinensis
Spathoglottis micronesiaca
Sphaeropteris aramaganensis
Sphaeropteris nigricans
Sporobolus farinosus
Sterculia palauensis
Sterculia ponapensis
Symplocos racemosa var palauensis
Syzygium carolinense
Syzygium palauensis
Syzygium stelechanthum
Syzygium thompsonii
Taeniophyllum marianense
Taeniophyllum palawense
Taeniophyllum petrophilum
Taeniophyllum trukense
Tapeinidium carolinense
Tephrosia mariana
Terminalia carolinensis
Terminalia crassipes
Terminalia rostrata
Thrixospermum arachnitiforme
Thrixospermum ponapense
Timonius albidus
Timonius corymbosus
Timonius corymbosus var takamatsui
Timonius korrensis
Timonius ledermannii
Timonius mollis
Timonius mollis var submollis
Timonius mollis var villosissimus
Timonius ponapensis
Timonius salsedoi
Timonius subauritus
Timonius subauritus var strigosus
Trichoglottis ledermannii
Trichosanthes hosokawae
Trichospermum ikutai
Trichospermum ledermannii
Uncaria lanosa var korrensis
Ventilago nisidai
Vrydagzynea micronesiaca
Xylosma nelsonii
Zeuxine fritzii
Zeuxine ovata
Zeuxine palawensis


Summary

Included here is the Pacific zone of Micronesia comprising the Caroline Islands (including Palau and Pohnpei), Mariana Islands (including Guam), Marshall Islands, Gilbert Islands, Ellice Islands, Phoenix Islands, Tokelau Islands, Baker Island, Banaba Island, Howland Island, Nauru Island and Wake Island.

Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 391 species in 176 genera and 67 families. There is one endemic genus (marked red) but no endemic families. This list has recently been revised by Costion & Lorence (2012) and their study shows that Micronesia contains a higher percentage of endemic plant species per square kilometre than the Hawaiian archipelago.

References

Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1960. Preliminary plant geographical analysis of the Pacific. Blumea, 10: 385-430.

Costion, C. 2009. New and Noteworthy Plant Records from Palau: An Annotated Checklist. Micronesica, 41: 1-18.

Costion, C. M., Kitalong, A. H. & Holm, T. 2009. Plant Endemism, Rarity, and Threat in Palau, Micronesia: A Geographical Checklist and Preliminary Red List Assessment. Micronesica, 41: 131–164.

Costion, C. M. & Lorence, D. H. 2012. The Endemic Plants of Micronesia: A Geographical Checklist and Commentary. Micronesica, 43: 51-100.

Endress, B. A. 2002. The importance of endemic species to forest succession in Palau. Micronesica, 34: 141-153.

Fosberg, F. R. & M. H. Sachet. 1975a. Flora of Micronesia, 1: Gymnospermae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 20: 1-15.

Fosberg, F. R. & M. H. Sachet. 1975b. Flora of Micronesia, 2: Casuarinaceae, Piperaceae, and Myricaceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 24: 1-28.

Fosberg, F. R. & M. H. Sachet. 1977. Flora of Micronesia, 3: Convolvulaceae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 36: 1-33.

Fosberg, F. R., Sachet, M. H. & Oliver, R. 1979. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica, 15: 41-298.

Fosberg, F. R. & M. H. Sachet. 1980a. Flora of Micronesia, 4: Caprifoliaceae Compositae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 46: 1-71.

Fosberg, F. R. & M. H. Sachet. 1980b. Systematic Studies of Micronesian Plants. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 45: 1-44.

Fosberg. F. R., M.H. Sachet, & R. L. Oliver. 1982. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Pteridophyta and Gymnospermae. Micronesica, 18: 23 -82.

Fosberg, F. R. 1984. Phytogeographic comparison of Polynesia and Micronesia. In: Biogeography of the Tropical Pacific (Proceedings of a Symposium). Eds. F. J. Radovsky, P. H. Raven and H. Sohmer. Bishop Museum Special Publication No. 72.

Fosberg. F. R., M.H. Sachet, & R. L. Oliver. 1987. A Geographical Checklist of the Micronesian Monocotyledonae. Micronesica, 20: 19-130.

Herrera, K., Lorence, D. H., Flynn, T. & Balick, M. J. 2010. Checklist of the vascular plants of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia with local names and uses. Allertonia, 10: 1-204.

Kitalong, H. A., R. A. DeMeo, T. Holm, C. Costion, D. Lorence & T. Flynn. 2008. Plants of Palau: provisional checklist of the vascular plants of Palau with habitat, form, status, and Palauan names. In: A Field Guide to Native Trees of Palau eds. A. H. Kitalong, R. A. DeMeo, & T. Holm. Koror, Palau.

Kitalong, A. H., R. A. DeMeo, & T. Holm. 2008. Native Trees of Palau: A Field Guide. The Environment Inc., Koror, Palau.

Lorence, D. H. & T. Flynn. 2009. Checklist of the vascular plants of Pohnpei. In: The Ethnobotany of Pohnpei: Plants, People and Island Culture. Ed. Michael J. Balick. University of Hawaii Press & New York Botanical Garden.

Reimaan National Planning Team. 2008. Reimaanlok: National Conservation Area Plan for the Marshall Islands 2007-2012. Published by: N. Baker: Melbourne.

Stone, B. C. 1970-71. The Flora of Guam. Micronesica, 6: 1-659.