Included here the Mongolian Altai Mountains, the basin of the Great Lakes between the Altai and Hangayn mountains, the Ala Shan, Gobi and Taklimakan deserts, the Ordos Plateau, the Tsaidam and Tarim basins and the Lob Nor depression.
Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 135 species in 92 genera and 31 families. There are 11 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.
Gunin, P., Vostokova, E. A., Dorofeyuk, N. I., Tarasov, P. E. & Black, C. C. 1999. Vegetation Dynamics of Mongolia. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Hilbig, W. 1995. The vegetation of Mongolia. SPB Academic Publishing, Amsterdam.
Wang, Guo-Hong. 2005. The western Ordos plateau as a biodiversity centre of relic shrubs in arid China. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14: 3187-3200.
Xin-Rong, Li. 2001. Study on the shrub community diversity of Ordos Plateau, Inner Mongolia, Northern China. Journal of Arid Environments, 47: 271-279.Zhang, W. 1998. Changes in species diversity and canopy cover in steppe vegetation in Inner Mongolia under protection from grazing. Biodiversity and Conservation, 7: 1365-1381.