Included here are the islands of New Caledonia, the Loyalty Islands and the Isle of Pines in the southwest Pacific.
Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 793 species in 223 genera and 76 families. There are 94 endemic genera (marked red) and possibly 5 endemic families (Amborellaceae, Austrotaxaceae, Oncothecaceae, Phellinaceae and Strasburgeriaceae). However, there are reported to be about 130 endemic genera and 2500 endemic species so further information is required.
Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1960. Preliminary plant geographical analysis of the Pacific. Blumea, 10: 385-430.
Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1969. A study of the diversity of island floras. Blumea, 17: 139-178.
Campbell, D. G. & Hammond, H. D. 1989. Floristic Inventory of Tropical Countries. The New York Botanical Garden.
Compton, R. H. 1917. New Caledonia and the Isle of Pines. The Geographical Journal, 49: 81-106.
Good, R. 1950. Madagascar and New Caledonia - a problem in plant geography. Blumea, 6: 470-490.
Heads, M. 2008. Panbiogeography of New Caledonia, southwest Pacific: basal angiosperms on basement terrains, ultramafic endemics inherited from volcanic island arcs and old taxa endemics to young islands. Journal of Biogeography, 35: 2153-2175.
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Morat, P., Jaffre, T. & Veillon, J. 2001. The flora of New Caledonia’s calcareous substrates. Adansonia, ser 3, 23: 109-127.
Setoguchi, H., Ohba, H. & Tobe, H. 1998. Evolution in Crossostylis (Rhizophoraceae) on the South Pacific Islands. In: Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants. Eds. T. S. Stuessy and M. Ono. Cambridge University Press.
Sohmer, S. H. 1990. Elements of Pacific phytodiversity. In: The Plant Diversity of Malesia. Proceedings of the Flora Malesiana Symposium commemorating Professor Dr. C. G. G. J. van Steenis Leiden, August 1989. Eds. P. Baas, K. Kalkman and R. Geesink. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Thorne, R. F. 1965. Floristic relationships of New Caledonia. University of Iowa Studies in Natural History, 20: 1-14.Ungricht, S., Rasplus, J. & Kjellberg, F. 2005. Extinction threat evaluation of endemic fig trees of New Caledonia: priority assessment for taxonomy and conservation with herbarium collections. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14: 205-232.