Endemics in Family Order

Apiaceae
Azorella macquariensis
Calosciadium latifolium
Schizeilema reniforme

Apocynaceae
Anisotoma acutifolia
Anisotoma antipoda

Araliaceae
Stilbocarpa polaris

Asteraceae
Abrotanella rosulata
Abrotanella spathulata
Brachyglottis stewartiae
Celmisia vernicosa
Cotula lanata
Cotula plumosa
Damnamenia
Damnamenia vernicosa
Pleurophyllum
Pleurophyllum criniferum
Pleurophyllum hookeri
Pleurophyllum speciosum
Senecio anisodus

Boraginaceae
Myosotis antarctica
Myosotis capitata

Caryophyllaceae
Colobanthus hookeri
Stellaria decipiens

Cyperaceae
Isolepis aucklandica
Uncinia aucklandica
Uncinia hookeri

Ericaceae
Dracophyllum urvilleanum var. scoparium

Gentianaceae
Chionogentias antarctica
Chionogentias antipoda
Chionogentias cerina
Chionogentias concinna

Onagraceae
Epilobium antipodum
Epilobium confertifolium

Plantaginaceae
Callitriche aucklandica
Hebe benthamii
Plantago aucklandica
Plantago triantha

Poaceae
Chionochloa antarctica
Deschampsia gracillima
Deschampsia penicillata
Hierochloe antarctica var. brunonis
Poa aucklandica
Poa breviglumis
Poa cookii
Poa incrassata
Poa ramosissima
Puccinellia macquariensis
Puccinellia walkeri subsp. antipoda

Ranunculaceae
Ranunculus pinguis
Ranunculus subscaposus

Rosaceae
Acaena minor
Geum parviflorum
Coprosma cuneata

Urticaceae
Urtica aucklandica

Xanthorrhoeaceae
Bulbinella rossii


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Abrotanella rosulata
Abrotanella spathulata
Acaena minor
Anisotoma acutifolia
Anisotoma antipoda
Azorella macquariensis
Brachyglottis stewartiae
Bulbinella rossii
Callitriche aucklandica
Calosciadium latifolium
Celmisia vernicosa
Chionochloa antarctica
Chionogentias antarctica
Chionogentias antipoda
Chionogentias cerina
Chionogentias concinna
Colobanthus hookeri
Coprosma cuneata
Cotula lanata
Cotula plumosa
Damnamenia
Damnamenia vernicosa
Deschampsia gracillima
Deschampsia penicillata
Dracophyllum urvilleanum var. scoparium
Epilobium antipodum
Epilobium confertifolium
Geum parviflorum
Hebe benthamii
Hierochloe antarctica var. brunonis
Isolepis aucklandica
Myosotis antarctica
Myosotis capitata
Plantago aucklandica
Plantago triantha
Pleurophyllum
Pleurophyllum criniferum
Pleurophyllum hookeri
Pleurophyllum speciosum
Poa aucklandica
Poa breviglumis
Poa cookii
Poa incrassata
Poa ramosissima
Puccinellia macquariensis
Puccinellia walkeri subsp. antipoda
Ranunculus pinguis
Ranunculus subscaposus
Schizeilema reniforme
Senecio anisodus
Stellaria decipiens
Stilbocarpa polaris
Uncinia aucklandica
Uncinia hookeri
Urtica aucklandica


Summary

Included here are the Auckland Islands, Antipodes Islands, Bounty Islands, Campbell Island, Macquarie Island and the Snares, all situated on a shallow continental shelf in the Southern Ocean east of New Zealand.

Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 53 species in 34 genera and 16 families. There are 2 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.

References

Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1960. Preliminary plant geographical analysis of the Pacific. Blumea, 10: 385-430.

Bergstrom, D. M. & Chown, S. L. 1999. Life at the front: history, ecology and change on southern ocean islands. Tree, 14: 472-477.

Gillham, M. E. 1960. Modification of the sub-Antarctic flora on Macquare Island by sea birds and sea elephants. Royal Society of Victoria, 74: 1-12.

Green, D. M. & Holtom, A. 1971. Studies in Colobanthus quitensis (Kunth) Bartl. and Deschampsia antarctic Desv. British Antarctic Survey Bulletin, No. 26: 1-29.

Johnson, P. N. & Campbell, D. J. 1975. Vascular Plants of the Auckland Islands. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 13: 665-720.

Molloy, L. 1994. Wild New Zealand. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Selkirk, P. M., Seppelt, R. D. & Selkirk, D. R. 1990. Subantarctic Macquarie Island: environment and biology. Studies in Polar Research. Cambridge University Press.

Wace, N. M. 1960. The botany of southern oceanic islands. The Royal Society Expedition to Southern Chile. Proceedings of the Royal Society, 152: 475-490.

Wagstaff, S. J., Breitwieser, I, Quinn, C. & Ito, M. 2007. Age and origin of enigmatic megaherbs from the subantarctic islands. Nature Proceedings (online).