Endemics in Family Order

Alstroemeriaceae
Alstroemeria diluta ssp chrysantha
Alstroemeria kingii
Alstroemeria philippii
Alstroemeria werdermannii
Alstroemeria werdermannii ssp flavicans
Bomarea ovallei

Amaranthaceae
Alternanthera junciflora
Leucocoryne appendiculata
Leucocoryne coronata
Rhodophiala bagnoldii
Rhodophiala laeta

Apocynaceae
Diplolepis boerhaviifolia
Skytanthus acutus

Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochia chilensis

Asteraceae
Bahia ambrosioides
Chaetanthera glabrata
Gypothamnium pinifolium
Jobaphes virgatus
Proustia cuneifolia
Proustia ilicifolia
Senecio myriophyllus
Triptilion gibbosum

Bignoniaceae
Argylia radiata

Boraginaceae
Heliotropium floridum
Heliotropium megalanthum
Heliotropium myosotifolium
Heliotropium pycnophyllum
Heliotropium sinuatum
Heliotropium taltalense

Brassicaceae
Menonvillea minima
Sibara anethifolia

Bromeliaceae
Deuterocohnia chrysantha
Puya boliviensis
Tillandsia geissei
Tillandsia landbeckii

Cactaceae
Copiapoa calderana ssp calderana
Copiapoa cinerea var columna-alba
Copiapoa cinerea var haseltoniana
Copiapoa dealbata
Copiapoa echinoides
Copiapoa fiedleriana
Copiapoa humilis
Copiapoa krainziana
Copiapoa longistaminea
Copiapoa marginata
Copiapoa serpentisulcata
Echinopsis deserticola
Eriosyce heinrichiana
Eriosyce odieri ssp malleolata
Eriosyce paucicostata
Eriosyce pygmaea
Eriosyce rodentiophila
Eriosyce taltalensis
Eriosyce taltalensis ssp echinus
Eulychnia iquiquensis
Haageocereus
Haageocereus albispinus
Haageocereus albus
Haageocereus australis
Haageocereus chalaensis
Haageocereus churinensis
Haageocereus comosus
Haageocereus cuzcoensis
Haageocereus decumbens
Haageocereus fascicularis
Haageocereus fulvus
Haageocereus icensis
Haageocereus icosagonoides
Haageocereus lanugispinus
Haageocereus longicomus
Haageocereus multangularis
Haageocereus pacalaensis
Haageocereus platinospinus
Haageocereus rauhii
Haageocereus rubrospinus
Haageocereus salmonoideus
Haageocereus seticeps
Haageocereus smaragdiflorus
Haageocereus subtilispinus
Haageocereus tenuis
Haageocereus toratensis
Haageocereus versicolor
Haageocereus vulpes
Haageocereus winterianus
Haageocereus zangalensis
Islaya
Islaya islayensis
Maihueniopsis domeykoensis

Calceolariaceae
Calceolaria collina

Cleomaceae
Cleome chilensis
Dioscorea fastigiata

Cornaceae
Griselinia carlomunozii

Euphorbiaceae
Chiropetalum berteroanum
Chiropetalum canescens
Croton chilensis

Fabaceae
Astragalus cachinalensis
Astragalus paposanus
Caesalpinia angulata
Calliandra chilensis
Dalea azurea
Senna cumingii var cumingii

Iridaceae
Sisyrinchium scirpoideum ssp scirpoideum
Tigridia philippiana

Lamiaceae
Stachys pannosa
Teucrium nudicaule

Loasaceae
Huidobria chilensis

Malpighiaceae
Dinemagonum ericoides
Dinemagonum gayanum

Malvaceae
Cristaria integerrima
Cristaria molinae
Cristaria viridiluteola var pinnata
Palaua concinna

Portulacaceae
Calandrinia taltalensis
Cistanthe arenaria
Cistanthe longiscapa

Myrtaceae
Myrceugenia correifolia

Onagraceae
Fuchsia lycioides
Oenothera coquimbensis

Oxalidaceae
Oxalis bulbocastanum
Oxalis gigantea

Passifloraceae
Malesherbia multiflora

Piperaceae
Peperomia coquimbensis
Peperomia doellii
Peperomia fernandeziana

Plantaginaceae
Monttea chilensis var taltalensis

Polygonaceae
Lastarriaea chilensis

Rubiaceae
Cruckshanksia montiana

Sapindaceae
Bridgesia incisifolia

Solanaceae
Fabiana viscosa
Grabowskia glauca
Nicotiana solanifolia
Nolana aplocaryoides
Nolana carnosa
Nolana crassulifolia
Nolana elegans
Nolana ramosissima
Nolana salsoloides
Nolana sedifolia
Schizanthus lacteus
Schizanthus laetus
Schizanthus tricolor
Solanum brachyantherum
Solanum heterantherum
Solanum remyanum

Tecophilaeaceae
Conanthera urceolata
Zephyra compacta
Zephyra elegans

Tropaeolaceae
Tropaeolum beuthii
Tropaeolum hookerianum ssp austropurpureum
Tropaeolum tricolor

Verbenaceae
Aloysia salviifolia
Glandularia atacamensis

Vivianiaceae
Balbisia peduncularis

Zygophyllaceae
Fagonia chilensis


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Aloysia salviifolia
Alstroemeria diluta ssp chrysantha
Alstroemeria kingii
Alstroemeria philippii
Alstroemeria werdermannii
Alstroemeria werdermannii ssp flavicans
Alternanthera junciflora
Argylia radiata
Aristolochia chilensis
Astragalus cachinalensis
Astragalus paposanus
Bahia ambrosioides
Balbisia peduncularis
Bomarea ovallei
Bridgesia incisifolia
Caesalpinia angulata
Calandrinia taltalensis
Calceolaria collina
Calliandra chilensis
Chaetanthera glabrata
Chiropetalum berteroanum
Chiropetalum canescens
Cistanthe arenaria
Cistanthe longiscapa
Cleome chilensis
Conanthera urceolata
Copiapoa calderana ssp calderana
Copiapoa cinerea var columna-alba
Copiapoa cinerea var haseltoniana
Copiapoa dealbata
Copiapoa echinoides
Copiapoa fiedleriana
Copiapoa humilis
Copiapoa krainziana
Copiapoa longistaminea
Copiapoa marginata
Copiapoa serpentisulcata
Cristaria integerrima
Cristaria molinae
Cristaria viridiluteola var pinnata
Croton chilensis
Cruckshanksia montiana
Dalea azurea
Deuterocohnia chrysantha
Dinemagonum ericoides
Dinemagonum gayanum
Dioscorea fastigiata
Diplolepis boerhaviifolia
Echinopsis deserticola
Eriosyce heinrichiana
Eriosyce odieri ssp malleolata
Eriosyce paucicostata
Eriosyce pygmaea
Eriosyce rodentiophila
Eriosyce taltalensis
Eriosyce taltalensis ssp echinus
Eulychnia iquiquensis
Fabiana viscosa
Fagonia chilensis
Fuchsia lycioides
Glandularia atacamensis
Grabowskia glauca
Griselinia carlomunozii
Gypothamnium pinifolium
Haageocereus
Haageocereus albispinus
Haageocereus albus
Haageocereus australis
Haageocereus chalaensis
Haageocereus churinensis
Haageocereus comosus
Haageocereus cuzcoensis
Haageocereus decumbens
Haageocereus fascicularis
Haageocereus fulvus
Haageocereus icensis
Haageocereus icosagonoides
Haageocereus lanugispinus
Haageocereus longicomus
Haageocereus multangularis
Haageocereus pacalaensis
Haageocereus platinospinus
Haageocereus rauhii
Haageocereus rubrospinus
Haageocereus salmonoideus
Haageocereus seticeps
Haageocereus smaragdiflorus
Haageocereus subtilispinus
Haageocereus tenuis
Haageocereus toratensis
Haageocereus versicolor
Haageocereus vulpes
Haageocereus winterianus
Haageocereus zangalensis
Heliotropium floridum
Heliotropium megalanthum
Heliotropium myosotifolium
Heliotropium pycnophyllum
Heliotropium sinuatum
Heliotropium taltalense
Huidobria chilensis
Islaya
Islaya islayensis
Jobaphes virgatus
Lastarriaea chilensis
Leucocoryne appendiculata
Leucocoryne coronata
Maihueniopsis domeykoensis
Malesherbia multiflora
Menonvillea minima
Monttea chilensis var taltalensis
Myrceugenia correifolia
Nicotiana solanifolia
Nolana aplocaryoides
Nolana carnosa
Nolana crassulifolia
Nolana elegans
Nolana ramosissima
Nolana salsoloides
Nolana sedifolia
Oenothera coquimbensis
Oxalis bulbocastanum
Oxalis gigantea
Palaua concinna
Peperomia coquimbensis
Peperomia doellii
Peperomia fernandeziana
Proustia cuneifolia
Proustia ilicifolia
Puya boliviensis
Rhodophiala bagnoldii
Rhodophiala laeta
Schizanthus lacteus
Schizanthus laetus
Schizanthus tricolor
Senecio myriophyllus
Senna cumingii var cumingii
Sibara anethifolia
Sisyrinchium scirpoideum ssp scirpoideum
Skytanthus acutus
Solanum brachyantherum
Solanum heterantherum
Solanum remyanum
Stachys pannosa
Teucrium nudicaule
Tigridia philippiana
Tillandsia geissei
Tillandsia landbeckii
Triptilion gibbosum
Tropaeolum beuthii
Tropaeolum hookerianum ssp austropurpureum
Tropaeolum tricolor
Zephyra compacta
Zephyra elegans


Summary

Included here are the coastal deserts and semi-deserts of Chile and Peru including the Atacama Desert and the lowlands and semi-uplands of northern Chile. The zone extends from southern Peru to northern Chile with its southern boundary roughly coinciding with the town of Coquimbo. Deserts and semi-deserts form a continuous belt along this western escarpment of the Andean Cordillera for some 3500 km.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 152 species in 74 genera and 36 families and 2 endemic genera (marked red).

References

Arakaki, M. & Cano, A. 2003. Floristic composition of river llo-Moquegua basin and Lomas of ll0, Moquehua, Peru. Revista Peruana de Biologia, 10: 5-19. (in Spanish).

Dillon, M. O., Nakazawa, M. & Gonzáles, S. L. 2003. The lomas formations of coastal Peru: composition and biogeographic history. In: El Nino in Peru: Biology and Culture Over 10,000 Years. Eds. J. Haas and M. O. Dillon. Fieldiana, Botany. New Series No. 43.

Rundel, P. W. & Mahu, M. 1976. Community structure and diversity in a coastal fog desert in northern Chile. Flora, 165: 493-505.

Rundel, P. W., Dillon, M. O. & Palma, B. 1996. Flora and vegetation of Pan de Azucar National Park in the Atacama Desert of northern Chile. Gayana Botanica, 53: 295-315.