Endemics in Family Order

Adoxaceae
Sambucus peninsularis
Sinadoxa corydalifolia

Amaranthaceae
Corispermum stenolepis
Baolia bracteata

Amaryllidaceae
Lycoris longituba

Apiaceae
Eriocycla albescens
Pimpinella brachystyla
Tongoloa filicaudicis

Apocynaceae
Cynanchum bungei
Cynanchum chinense
Cynanchum paniculatum
Cynanchum versicolor

Asparagaceae
Anemarrhena
Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Asparagus longiflorus
Polygonatum involucratum

Asteraceae
Alfredia aspera
Askellia pseudonaniformis
Calimeris biennis
Dendranthema lavandulifolium
Ligularia intermedia
Miyamayomena yuanqunensis
Mulgedium qinghaicum
Myripnois
Myripnois dioica
Olgaea lanipes
Olgaea roborowskyi
Opisthopappus longilobus
Opisthopappus taihangensis
Pseudoyoungia conjunctiva
Pseudoyoungia tianshanica
Pyrethrum arrasanicum
Pyrethrum kaschgharicum
Pyrethrum petrareum
Pyrethrum richterioides
Saussurea aerjingensis
Saussurea chinensis
Saussurea chingiana
Saussurea chinnampoensis
Saussurea chowana
Saussurea incisa
Saussurea lacostei
Saussurea ladyginii
Saussurea lomatolepis
Saussurea mucronulata
Saussurea paleata
Saussurea polylada
Saussurea pseudobullockii
Saussurea ruoqiangensis
Saussurea tenerifolia
Saussurea tuoliensis
Serratula cupuliformis
Serratula polycephala
Stenoseris auriculiformis

Berberidaceae
Epimedium pubescens

Betulaceae
Betula halophila
Betula sunanensis
Carpinus mengshanensis
Carpinus oblongifolia
Carpinus shensiensis
Carpinus turczaninowii

Biebersteiniaceae
Biebersteinia heterostemon
Biebersteinia multifida

Boraginaceae
Bothriospermum chinense
Eritrichium borealisinense
Trigonotis peduncularis var. amblyosepala

Brassicaceae
Erysimum amurense
Erysimum stigmatosum
Orychophragmus violaceus
Pugionium
Pugionium cornutum
Pugionium dolabratum
Yinshania
Yinshania acutangula subsp. acutangula
Yinshania acutangula subsp. microcarpa
Yinshania acutangula subsp. wilsonii
Yinshania furcatopilosa
Yinshania henryi
Yinshania paradoxa
Yinshania rivulorum
Yinshania sinuata
Yinshania zayuensis

Campanulaceae
Adenophora pinifolia

Cannabaceae
Pteroceltis tatarinowii

Caprifoliaceae
Abelia biflora
Lonicera szechuanica
Patrinia heterophylla

Caryophyllaceae
Pseudostellaria davidii
Silene tatarinowii

Celastraceae
Euonymus fortunei

Crassulaceae
Hylotelephium tatarinowii
Rhodiola dumulosa
Sedum stellariifolium

Cucurbitaceae
Bolbostemma paniculatum

Euphorbiaceae
Euphorbia croizatii
Speranskia
Speranskia cantonensis
Speranskia tuberculata
Speranskia tuberculata var. pekinensis
Speranskia yunnanensis

Fabaceae
Ammopiptanthus
Ammopiptanthus mongolicus
Ammopiptanthus nanus
Caragana litwinowii
Caragana zahlbruckneri
Gueldenstaedtia maritima

Iridaceae
Iris kobayashii

Lamiaceae
Elshotzia integrifolia
Elshotzia stauntonii
Nepeta pseudokoreana
Salvia umbratica
Schizonepeta tenuifolia

Lauraceae
Phoebe sheareri

Liliaceae
Tricyrtis latifolia

Melanthiaceae
Veratrum maackii

Oleaceae
Fraxinus bungeana
Ligustrum suave
Syringa pinnatifolia
Syringa pubescens
Syringa pubescens subsp. microphylla
Syringa reticulata subsp. pekinensis

Orobanchaceae
Pedicularis tatarinowii
Rehmannia glutinosa

Papaveraceae
Hypecoum erectum
Hypecoum leptocarpum
Macleaya microcarpa
Meconopsis racemosa

Phyllanthaceae
Leptopus chinensis

Pinaceae
Picea meyeri
Picea wilsonii

Plumbaginaceae
Limonium franchetii

Pteridaceae
Gymnopteris borealisinensis

Ranunculaceae
Aconitum barbatum var. puberulum
Aquilegia yabeana
Thalictrum przewalskii

Rosaceae
Amygdalus davidiana var. davidiana
Crataegus kansuensis
Plagiospermum
Plagiospermum benzoin
Potaninia
Potaninia mongolica
Potentilla ancistrifolia
Pyrus betulifolia
Pyrus bretschneideri
Pyrus corymbifera
Spiraea dasyantha
Spiraea nishimurae

Rubiaceae
Galium bungei
Galium spurium
Leptodermis oblonga

Salicaceae
Populus hopeiensis

Sapindaceae
Xanthoceras
Xanthoceras sorbifolium

Saxifragaceae
Oresitrophe
Oresitrophe rupifraga
Smilax stans

Tamaricaceae
Tamarix juniperina

Ulmaceae
Ulmus davidiana

Violaceae
Viola mandshurica

Woodsiaceae
Woodsia rosthorniana


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Abelia biflora
Aconitum barbatum var. puberulum
Adenophora pinifolia
Alfredia aspera
Ammopiptanthus
Ammopiptanthus mongolicus
Ammopiptanthus nanus
Amygdalus davidiana var. davidiana
Anemarrhena
Anemarrhena asphodeloides
Aquilegia yabeana
Askellia pseudonaniformis
Asparagus longiflorus
Baolia bracteata
Betula halophila
Betula sunanensis
Biebersteinia heterostemon
Biebersteinia multifida
Bolbostemma paniculatum
Bothriospermum chinense
Calimeris biennis
Caragana litwinowii
Caragana zahlbruckneri
Carpinus mengshanensis
Carpinus oblongifolia
Carpinus shensiensis
Carpinus turczaninowii
Corispermum stenolepis
Crataegus kansuensis
Cynanchum bungei
Cynanchum chinense
Cynanchum paniculatum
Cynanchum versicolor
Dendranthema lavandulifolium
Elshotzia integrifolia
Elshotzia stauntonii
Epimedium pubescens
Eriocycla albescens
Eritrichium borealisinense
Erysimum amurense
Erysimum stigmatosum
Euonymus fortunei
Euphorbia croizatii
Fraxinus bungeana
Galium bungei
Galium spurium
Gueldenstaedtia maritima
Gymnopteris borealisinensis
Hylotelephium tatarinowii
Hypecoum erectum
Hypecoum leptocarpum
Iris kobayashii
Leptodermis oblonga
Leptopus chinensis
Ligularia intermedia
Ligustrum suave
Limonium franchetii
Lonicera szechuanica
Lycoris longituba
Macleaya microcarpa
Meconopsis racemosa
Miyamayomena yuanqunensis
Mulgedium qinghaicum
Myripnois
Myripnois dioica
Nepeta pseudokoreana
Olgaea lanipes
Olgaea roborowskyi
Opisthopappus longilobus
Opisthopappus taihangensis
Oresitrophe
Oresitrophe rupifraga
Orychophragmus violaceus
Patrinia heterophylla
Pedicularis tatarinowii
Phoebe sheareri
Picea meyeri
Picea wilsonii
Pimpinella brachystyla
Plagiospermum
Plagiospermum benzoin
Polygonatum involucratum
Populus hopeiensis
Potaninia
Potaninia mongolica
Potentilla ancistrifolia
Pseudostellaria davidii
Pseudoyoungia conjunctiva
Pseudoyoungia tianshanica
Pteroceltis tatarinowii
Pugionium
Pugionium cornutum
Pugionium dolabratum
Pyrethrum arrasanicum
Pyrethrum kaschgharicum
Pyrethrum petrareum
Pyrethrum richterioides
Pyrus betulifolia
Pyrus bretschneideri
Pyrus corymbifera
Rehmannia glutinosa
Rhodiola dumulosa
Salvia umbratica
Sambucus peninsularis
Saussurea aerjingensis
Saussurea chinensis
Saussurea chingiana
Saussurea chinnampoensis
Saussurea chowana
Saussurea incisa
Saussurea lacostei
Saussurea ladyginii
Saussurea lomatolepis
Saussurea mucronulata
Saussurea paleata
Saussurea polylada
Saussurea pseudobullockii
Saussurea ruoqiangensis
Saussurea tenerifolia
Saussurea tuoliensis
Schizonepeta tenuifolia
Sedum stellariifolium
Serratula cupuliformis
Serratula polycephala
Silene tatarinowii
Sinadoxa corydalifolia
Smilax stans
Speranskia
Speranskia cantonensis
Speranskia tuberculata
Speranskia tuberculata var. pekinensis
Speranskia yunnanensis
Spiraea dasyantha
Spiraea nishimurae
Stenoseris auriculiformis
Syringa pinnatifolia
Syringa pubescens
Syringa pubescens subsp. microphylla
Syringa reticulata subsp. pekinensis
Tamarix juniperina
Thalictrum przewalskii
Tongoloa filicaudicis
Tricyrtis latifolia
Trigonotis peduncularis var. amblyosepala
Ulmus davidiana
Veratrum maackii
Viola mandshurica
Woodsia rosthorniana
Xanthoceras
Xanthoceras sorbifolium
Yinshania
Yinshania acutangula subsp. acutangula
Yinshania acutangula subsp. microcarpa
Yinshania acutangula subsp. wilsonii
Yinshania furcatopilosa
Yinshania henryi
Yinshania paradoxa
Yinshania rivulorum
Yinshania sinuata
Yinshania zayuensis


Summary

Included here is Northern China which in the north extends up to Mongolia and Manchuria while in the south it includes part of the Loess Plateau, the Shanxi Plateau, the North China Plain, the Jehol Mountains (north Hopeh mountain area), the Liaodong Peninsula and the Shandong Peninsula.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 150 species in 95 genera and 43 families. There are 10 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, there is likely to be more endemics than listed here so further information is required.

References

Ji, Z., Guangmei, Z., Huadong, W. & Jialin, X. 1990. The Natural History of China. Collins.

López-Pujol, J., Zhang, F-M., Ge, S. 2006. Plant biodiversity in China: richly varied, endangered, and in need of conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15: 3983-4026.

Ma, J. & Liu, Q. 2003. Flora of Beijing: an overview and suggestions for future research. Urban Habitats, 1: 1541-7115.

Zhang, Yin-Bo & Ma Ke-Ping. 2008. Geographic distribution pattern and status assessment of threatened plants in China. Biodiveristy and Conservation, 17: 1738-1798.

Zongyuan, Z., Yuquan, M., Zhongling, L. & Yizhi, Z. 1999. Endemic plants and floristic characteristics in Alashan-Ordos biodiversity centre. Journal of Arid Land Resources and Enviroment, 13: 1-16. (only abstract and species list in English).