Endemics in Family Order

Acanthaceae
Strobilanthes arenicola
Strobilanthes stramineus

Actinidiaceae
Saurauia subspinosa

Adoxaceae
Viburnum cuttingianum

Amaryllidaceae
Allium acidoides
Lycoris argentea

Apocynaceae
Rauwolfia rivularis

Aquifoliaceae
Ilex fragilis
Ilex cyrtura
Ilex melanotricha
Ilex wardii

Araliaceae
Brassaiopsis trilobata
Dendropanax burmanicus
Pentapanax longipes
Woodburnia
Woodburnia penduliflora

Asparagaceae
Peliosanthes longibracteata

Asteraceae
Acilepis belcheri
Aster helenae
Cremanthodium campanulatum
Cremanthodium farreri
Dubyaea chimiliensis
Dubyaea forrestii
Lactuca gracilipetiolata
Lessingianthus adenophyllus
Monosis volkameriifolia
Myanmaria
Myanmaria calycina
Prenanthes volubilis
Synotis triligulata
Vernonia birmanica            
Vernonia calycina
Vernonia lanceolata
Vernonia tavoyana

Begoniaceae
Begonia hymenophylloides

Berberidaceae
Berberis burmanica
Berberis coxii
Berberis hypokerina
Berberis insignis ssp incrassata
Berberis rufescens
Berberis venusta
Mahonia aristata

Burmanniaceae
Thismia brunonis

Caprifoliaceae
Leycesteria insignis

Celastraceae
Euonymus frigidus
Euonymus griffithii
Euonymus kachinensis

Cupressaceae
Juniperus coxii

Elaeagnaceae
Elaeagnus rivularis

Ericaceae
Agapetes adenobotrys
Agapetes pseudogriffithii
Agapetes pubiflora
Agapetes vernayana
Agapetes wardii
Diplycosia pauciseta
Gaultheria dumicola var dumicola
Gaultheria minuta
Rhododendron apodectum
Rhododendron asperulum
Rhododendron beanianum
Rhododendron butyricum
Rhododendron calostrotum var calciphilum
Rhododendron calostrotum var calostrotum
Rhododendron campylogynum
Rhododendron cephalanthum
Rhododendron crebreflorum
Rhododendron dendricola
Rhododendron dendrocharis
Rhododendron facetum
Rhododendron insculptum
Rhododendron keleticum
Rhododendron kyawii
Rhododendron magnificum
Rhododendron pruniflorum
Rhododendron seinghkuense
Rhododendron suaveolens
Rhododendron taggianum
Rhododendron taronense
Rhododendron uniflorum var imperator
Rhododendron vesiculiferum

Fabaceae
Albizzia vernayana
Phanera pottingeri

Gentianaceae
Gentiana grata

Gesneriaceae
Aeschynanthus wardii

Hamamelidaceae
Rhodoleia forrestii

Hernandiaceae
Illigera nervosa

Lauraceae
Lindera vernayana
Lindera wardii
Litsea brachypoda
Litsea cuttingiana

Magnoliaceae
Parakmeria nitida

Melastomataceae
Sporoxeia sciadophila

Myrtaceae
Syzygium aciculinum
Syzygium cuttingii
Syzygium stenurum

Oleaceae
Jasminum humile fo farreri

Onagraceae
Epilobium kermodei

Orchidaceae
Coelogyne ecarinata
Paphiopedilum wardii

Orobanchaceae
Pedicularis nana

Papaveraceae
Dactylicapnos grandifoliolata
Meconopsis violacea

Pentaphylacaceae
Eurya urophylla
Eurya wardii

Primulaceae
Maesa marioniae
Primula beesiana
Primula chamaethauma
Primula densa
Primula dictyophylla
Primula fea
Primula siphonantha
Primula triloba
Primula vaginata ssp eucyclia

Rosaceae
Eriobotrya platyphylla
Eriobotrya wardii
Photinia myriantha
Photinia rufa
Prunus kingdonwardii
Pygeum cordatum
Rubus chaetocalyx
Rubus wardii
Sorbus apiciden
Sorbus epidendron
Sorbus pacijuga
Sorbus paucinervia
Sorbus verticillata
Sorbus thibetica

Rubiaceae
Brachytome wardii
Ixora kingdon-wardii
Lasianthus wardii
Leptodermis wardii
Ophiorrhiza lignosa

Sapindaceae
Acer laurinum
Acer pectinatum ssp taronense
Acer pinnatinervium

Saxifragaceae
Saxifraga anisophylla
Saxifraga calopetala
Saxifraga heteroclada
Saxifraga virgularis

Schisandraceae
Illicium burmanicum
Illicium wardii

Scrophulariaceae
Wightia speciosissima

Stachyuraceae
Stachyurus cordatulus

Stemonaceae
Stemona mairei

Symplocaceae
Symplocos araioura

Theaceae
Camellia fluviatilis var fluviatilis
Camellia taliensis
Camellia wardii
Polyspora axillaris

Thymelaeaceae
Wickstroemia floribunda


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Acer laurinum
Acer pectinatum ssp taronense
Acer pinnatinervium
Acilepis belcheri
Aeschynanthus wardii
Agapetes adenobotrys
Agapetes pseudogriffithii
Agapetes pubiflora
Agapetes vernayana
Agapetes wardii
Albizzia vernayana
Allium acidoides
Aster helenae
Begonia hymenophylloides
Berberis burmanica
Berberis coxii
Berberis hypokerina
Berberis insignis ssp incrassata
Berberis rufescens
Berberis venusta
Brachytome wardii
Brassaiopsis trilobata
Camellia fluviatilis var fluviatilis
Camellia taliensis
Camellia wardii
Coelogyne ecarinata
Cremanthodium campanulatum
Cremanthodium farreri
Dactylicapnos grandifoliolata
Dendropanax burmanicus
Diplycosia pauciseta
Dubyaea chimiliensis
Dubyaea forrestii
Elaeagnus rivularis
Epilobium kermodei
Eriobotrya platyphylla
Eriobotrya wardii
Euonymus frigidus
Euonymus griffithii
Euonymus kachinensis
Eurya urophylla
Eurya wardii
Gaultheria dumicola var dumicola
Gaultheria minuta
Gentiana grata
Ilex cyrtura
Ilex fragilis
Ilex melanotricha
Ilex wardii
Illicium burmanicum
Illicium wardii
Illigera nervosa
Ixora kingdon-wardii
Jasminum humile fo farreri
Juniperus coxii
Lactuca gracilipetiolata
Lasianthus wardii
Leptodermis wardii
Lessingianthus adenophyllus
Leycesteria insignis
Lindera vernayana
Lindera wardii
Litsea brachypoda
Litsea cuttingiana
Lycoris argentea
Maesa marioniae
Mahonia aristata
Meconopsis violacea
Monosis volkameriifolia
Myanmaria
Myanmaria calycina
Ophiorrhiza lignosa
Paphiopedilum wardii
Parakmeria nitida
Pedicularis nana
Peliosanthes longibracteata
Pentapanax longipes
Phanera pottingeri
Photinia myriantha
Photinia rufa
Polyspora axillaris
Prenanthes volubilis
Primula beesiana
Primula chamaethauma
Primula densa
Primula dictyophylla
Primula fea
Primula siphonantha
Primula triloba
Primula vaginata ssp eucyclia
Prunus kingdonwardii
Pygeum cordatum
Rauwolfia rivularis
Rhododendron apodectum
Rhododendron asperulum
Rhododendron beanianum
Rhododendron butyricum
Rhododendron calostrotum var calciphilum
Rhododendron calostrotum var calostrotum
Rhododendron campylogynum
Rhododendron cephalanthum
Rhododendron crebreflorum
Rhododendron dendricola
Rhododendron dendrocharis
Rhododendron facetum
Rhododendron insculptum
Rhododendron keleticum
Rhododendron kyawii
Rhododendron magnificum
Rhododendron pruniflorum
Rhododendron seinghkuense
Rhododendron suaveolens
Rhododendron taggianum
Rhododendron taronense
Rhododendron uniflorum var imperator
Rhododendron vesiculiferum
Rhodoleia forrestii
Rubus chaetocalyx
Rubus wardii
Saurauia subspinosa
Saxifraga anisophylla
Saxifraga calopetala
Saxifraga heteroclada
Saxifraga virgularis
Sorbus apiciden
Sorbus epidendron
Sorbus pacijuga
Sorbus paucinervia
Sorbus thibetica
Sorbus verticillata
Sporoxeia sciadophila
Stachyurus cordatulus
Stemona mairei
Strobilanthes arenicola
Strobilanthes stramineus
Symplocos araioura
Synotis triligulata
Syzygium aciculinum
Syzygium cuttingii
Syzygium stenurum
Thismia brunonis
Vernonia birmanica            
Vernonia calycina
Vernonia lanceolata
Vernonia tavoyana
Viburnum cuttingianum
Wickstroemia floribunda
Wightia speciosissima
Woodburnia
Woodburnia penduliflora


Summary

Included here is northern Myanmar (formerly Burma) which comprises the upper course of the Nmai River and part of the Irrawaddy River Basin in northeast Myanmar, while in the northwest it includes the eastern slopes of the Patkai Range but not the Chindwinn River Basin.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 148 species in 77 genera and 44 families. There is 2 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, this list is unlikely to be complete since there is reported to be several endemic genera and so further information is required.

References

Chatterjee, D. 1939. Studies on the endemic flora of India and Burma. Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal, 5: 19-67.

Rao, A. S.  1974. Vegetation and Phytogeography of Assam - Burma. In: Ecology and Biogeography in India. Ed. M. S. Mani. Dr W. Junk Publishers. The Hague.

Ward, F. K. 1944/45. A sketch of the botany and geography of north Burma. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, vol.44: 550-574, vol.45: 16-30, 133-148.

Ward, F. K. 1946. A sketch of the botany and geography of north Burma. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 46: 381-390.

Ward, F. K. 1946. Additional notes on the botany of North Burma. Journal of the Royal Horticultural Society, 71: 318-325.