Endemics in Family Order

Amaranthaceae
Achyranthes aspera var. velutina
Achyranthes marchionica
Charpentiera australis

Anacardiaceae
Rhus taitensis

Apocynaceae
Alstonia costata
Alstonia elliptica
Alyxia latilimba
Lepinia marquisensis
Lepinia taitensis
Ochrosia brownii
Ochrosia fatuhivensis
Rauvolfia nukuhivensis
Rauvolfia sachetiae

Aquifoliaceae
Ilex marquesensis

Araliaceae
Cheirodendron marquesense
Cheirodendron bastardianum
Hydrocotyle feaniana
Meryta pastoralis
Meryta pauciflora
Polyscias marchionensis

Arecaceae
Pelagodoxa (Marquesas)
Pelagodoxa henryana
Pritchardia mitiaroana

Argophyllaceae
Corokia collenettei

Aspidaceae
Tectaria jardinii

Asteliaceae
Astelia tovii

Asteraceae
Apostates
Apostates rapae
Bidens beckiana
Bidens bipontina
Bidens cordifolia
Bidens fatuhivaensis
Bidens hendersonensis
Bidens henryi
Bidens mathewsii
Bidens microcephala
Bidens polycephala
Bidens uapensis
Fitchia speciosa
Oparanthus (French Polynesia)
Oparanthus hivoanus
Oparanthus teikiteetinii
Oparanthus tiva
Oparanthus woodii
Tetramolopium mitiaroense

Balanophoraceae
Acroblastum wilderi

Blechnaceae
Blechnum nukuhivense
Doodia marquesensis

Campanulaceae
Apetahia (French Polynesia)
Apetahia longistigmata
Apetahia seigelii
Apetahia temehaniensis
Sclerotheca
Sclerotheca viridiflora

Cannabaceae
Celtis pacifica

Celastraceae
Maytenus crenata

Chloranthaceae
Ascarina marquesensis

Combretaceae
Terminalia glabrata

Cunoniaceae
Weinmannia marquesana
Weinmannia parviflora
Weinmannia samoensis
Weinmannia tremuloides

Cyatheaceae
Sphaeropteris feani

Cyperaceae
Carex feani
Carex stokesii
Cladium nukuhivense
Cyperus feani
Cyperus macrophyllus
Cyperus marquisensis
Cyperus moutona
Fimbristylis sachetiana
Gahnia marquisensis
Machaerina nukuhivensis
Rhynchospora marquisensis

Dryopteridaceae
Ctenitis cumingii
Dryopteris fatuhivensis
Dryopteris macropholis
Dryopteris sweetorum
Elaphoglossum austromarquesense
Elaphoglossum marquisearum
Elaphoglossum skottsbergii
Elaphoglossum tovii
Polystichum fuentesii
Polystichum kenwoodii
Polystichum marquesense
Polystichum uahukaense

Elaeocarpaceae
Elaeocarpus karaka
Elaeocarpus tonganus

Ericaceae
Styphelia pomarae
Styphelia tameiameiae
Vaccinium cereum

Euphorbiaceae
Acalypha wilderi
Chamaesyce fosbergii
Claoxylon ooumuense
Diasperus taitensis
Euphorbia fosbergi
Euphorbia sachetiana
Homalanthus moerenhoutianus

Fabaceae
Sesbania marchionica
Sophora toromiro

Gesneriaceae
Cyrtandra feaniana
Cyrtandra jonesii
Cyrtandra lillianae
Cyrtandra nukuhivensis
Cyrtandra ootensis
Cyrtandra rarotongensis
Cyrtandra revoluta
Cyrtandra tahuatensis
Cyrtandra thibaultii
Cyrtandra toviana
Cyrtandra uahukaensis
Cyrtandra uapouensis
Cyrtandra woodii

Goodeniaceae
Scaevola marquesensis
Scaevola paulayi
Scaevola subcapitata

Haloragaceae
Haloragis stokesii

Hernandiaceae
Hernandia nukuhivensis
Hernandia stokesii

Lindsaeaceae
Lindsaea repens

Loasaceae
Plakothira (French Polynesia)
Plakothira frutescens
Plakothira parviflora
Plakothira perlmanii

Loganiaceae
Fagraea berteroana
Fagraea longituba
Geniostoma clavatum
Geniostoma gagneae
Geniostoma hallei var. fatuivense
Geniostoma hendersonense
Geniostoma rarotongensis
Geniostoma sykesii

Lycopodiaceae
Lycopodium henryanum

Malvaceae
Abutilon pitcairnense
Abutilon sachetianum
Hibiscus australensis
Lebronnecia (Marquesas)
Lebronnecia kokioides
Tahitia (Society Islands)
Tahitia tahitensis

Marattiaceae
Angiopteris chauliodonta

Myrtaceae
Nania collina

Nyctaginaceae
Pisonia brownii

Orchidaceae
Habenaria amplifolia
Habenaria marquisensis
Leptorchis clypeolum

Orobanchaceae
Nesogenes euphrasioides

Oxalidaceae
Oxalis gagneorum
Oxalis simplicifolia

Pandanaceae
Freycinetia arborea
Pandanus arapepe
Pandanus fanningensis
Pandanus hermsianus
Pandanus raiateaensis
Pandanus temehaniensis

Phyllanthaceae
Glochidion comitum
Glochidion pitcairnense
Phyllanthus hivaoaensis
Phyllanthus marchionicus
Phyllanthus pacificus

Piperaceae
Peperomia adamsonia
Peperomia australana
Peperomia hendersonensis
Peperomia oblongifolia
Peperomia oliveri
Peperomia pallida
Peperomia pitcairnensis
Peperomia rhomboidea
Peperomia tooviiana
Peperomia wilderi

Pittosporaceae
Pittosporum rarotongense

Poaceae
Axonopus compressus
Cenchrus articularus
Cenchrus henryanus
Dinebra marquisensis
Dinebra xerophila
Garnotia cheesemanii
Isachne distichophylla
Ischaemum byrone
Rytidosperma paschale
Stipa horridula

Polypodiaceae
Grammitis cincta
Grammitis marquesensis
Grammitis uapensis
Stenogrammitis subcoriacea

Primulaceae
Myrsine adamsonii
Myrsine cheesemanii
Myrsine collina var. falcata
Myrsine fusca var. fasciculata
Myrsine gracilissima
Myrsine hartii
Myrsine hosakae
Myrsine naiuensis
Myrsine nukuhivensis
Myrsine obovata
Myrsine orohenensis
Myrsine raiateemb
Myrsine rapensis
Myrsine ronuiensis
Myrsine st johnii
Myrsine tahuatensis
Rapanea collina
Rapanea longifolia
Rapanea nadeaudii
Rapanea ovalis
Rapanea st.-johnii
Rapanea tahitensis
Rapanea vescoi
Rapanea viridis

Psilotaceae
Tmesipteris gracilis

Pteridaceae
Pteris hivaoaensis
Pteris marquesensis
Pteris tahuataensis

Rhamnaceae
Alphitonia marquesensis

Rosaceae
Osteomeles anthyllidifolia

Rubiaceae
Coprosma benefica
Coprosma esulcata
Coprosma fatuhivaensis
Coprosma laevigata
Coprosma meyeri
Coprosma nephelephila
Coprosma reticulata
Coprosma temetiuensis
Gardenia taitensis
Ixora fragrans
Ixora jourdanii
Ixora marquesensis
Ixora mooreensis
Ixora ooumuensis
Ixora spathoidea
Ixora tahuataensis
Ixora triflora
Ixora uahukaensis
Ixora uapouensis
Kadua lichtlei
Kadua lucei
Kadua nukuhivensis
Kadua tahuatensis
Mussaenda raiateensis
Psychotria adamsonii
Psychotria florencei
Psychotria gagneorum
Psychotria hivaoana
Psychotria marchionica
Psychotria mumfordiana
Psychotria oliveri
Psychotria schaeferi
Psychotria taupotinii
Psychotria temetiuensis
Psychotria toviana
Psychotria uahukaensis
Psychotria uapoensis
Psychotria whistleri
Uragoga fragrans

Rutaceae
Melicope bracteata
Melicope fatuhivensis
Melicope hivaoaensis
Melicope inopinata
Melicope nukuhivensis
Melicope perlmanii
Melicope revoluta
Melicope tekaoensis

Salicaceae
Homalium acuminatum
Homalium moto
Homalium taypau
Xylosma suaveolens

Santalaceae
Santalum insulare

Sapotaceae
Nesoluma polynesicum
Pouteria tahitensis
Sideroxylon nadeaudii
Sideroxylon st-johnianum

Scrophulariaceae
Myoporum wilderi

Solanaceae
Nicotiana fatuhivensis

Thelypteridaceae
Cyclosorus castaneus
Cyclosorus florencei
Thelypteris marquesensis
Thelypteris quaylei

Thymelaeaceae
Wikstroemia johnplewsii

Trimeniaceae
Trimenia marquesensis
Trimenia nukuhivensis

Urticaceae
Pilea bisepala
Pipturus henryanus
Pipturus schaeferi
Pipturus tooviianus

Woodsiaceae
Deparia timetensis


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Abutilon pitcairnense
Abutilon sachetianum
Acalypha wilderi
Achyranthes aspera var. velutina
Achyranthes marchionica
Acroblastum wilderi
Alphitonia marquesensis
Alstonia costata
Alstonia elliptica
Alyxia latilimba
Angiopteris chauliodonta
Apetahia (French Polynesia)
Apetahia longistigmata
Apetahia seigelii
Apetahia temehaniensis
Apostates
Apostates rapae
Ascarina marquesensis
Astelia tovii
Axonopus compressus
Bidens beckiana
Bidens bipontina
Bidens cordifolia
Bidens fatuhivaensis
Bidens hendersonensis
Bidens henryi
Bidens mathewsii
Bidens microcephala
Bidens polycephala
Bidens uapensis
Blechnum nukuhivense
Carex feani
Carex stokesii
Celtis pacifica
Cenchrus articularus
Cenchrus henryanus
Chamaesyce fosbergii
Charpentiera australis
Cheirodendron marquesense
Cheirodendron bastardianum
Cladium nukuhivense
Claoxylon ooumuense
Coprosma benefica
Coprosma esulcata
Coprosma fatuhivaensis
Coprosma laevigata
Coprosma meyeri
Coprosma nephelephila
Coprosma reticulata
Coprosma temetiuensis
Corokia collenettei
Ctenitis cumingii
Cyclosorus castaneus
Cyclosorus florencei
Cyperus feani
Cyperus macrophyllus
Cyperus marquisensis
Cyperus moutona
Cyrtandra feaniana
Cyrtandra jonesii
Cyrtandra lillianae
Cyrtandra nukuhivensis
Cyrtandra ootensis
Cyrtandra rarotongensis
Cyrtandra revoluta
Cyrtandra tahuatensis
Cyrtandra thibaultii
Cyrtandra toviana
Cyrtandra uahukaensis
Cyrtandra uapouensis
Cyrtandra woodii
Deparia timetensis
Diasperus taitensis
Dinebra marquisensis
Dinebra xerophila
Doodia marquesensis
Dryopteris fatuhivensis
Dryopteris macropholis
Dryopteris sweetorum
Elaeocarpus karaka
Elaeocarpus tonganus
Elaphoglossum austromarquesense
Elaphoglossum marquisearum
Elaphoglossum skottsbergii
Elaphoglossum tovii
Euphorbia fosbergi
Euphorbia sachetiana
Fagraea berteroana
Fagraea longituba
Fimbristylis sachetiana
Fitchia speciosa
Freycinetia arborea
Gahnia marquisensis
Gardenia taitensis
Garnotia cheesemanii
Geniostoma clavatum
Geniostoma gagneae
Geniostoma hallei var. fatuivense
Geniostoma hendersonense
Geniostoma rarotongensis
Geniostoma sykesii
Glochidion comitum
Glochidion pitcairnense
Grammitis cincta
Grammitis marquesensis
Grammitis uapensis
Habenaria amplifolia
Habenaria marquisensis
Haloragis stokesii
Hernandia nukuhivensis
Hernandia stokesii
Hibiscus australensis
Homalanthus moerenhoutianus
Homalium acuminatum
Homalium moto
Homalium taypau
Hydrocotyle feaniana
Ilex marquesensis
Isachne distichophylla
Ischaemum byrone
Ixora fragrans
Ixora jourdanii
Ixora marquesensis
Ixora mooreensis
Ixora ooumuensis
Ixora spathoidea
Ixora tahuataensis
Ixora triflora
Ixora uahukaensis
Ixora uapouensis
Kadua lichtlei
Kadua lucei
Kadua nukuhivensis
Kadua tahuatensis
Lebronnecia (Marquesas)
Lebronnecia kokioides
Lepinia marquisensis
Lepinia taitensis
Leptorchis clypeolum
Lindsaea repens
Lycopodium henryanum
Machaerina nukuhivensis
Maytenus crenata
Melicope bracteata
Melicope fatuhivensis
Melicope hivaoaensis
Melicope inopinata
Melicope nukuhivensis
Melicope perlmanii
Melicope revoluta
Melicope tekaoensis
Meryta pastoralis
Meryta pauciflora
Mussaenda raiateensis
Myoporum wilderi
Myrsine adamsonii
Myrsine cheesemanii
Myrsine collina var. falcata
Myrsine fusca var. fasciculata
Myrsine gracilissima
Myrsine hartii
Myrsine hosakae
Myrsine naiuensis
Myrsine nukuhivensis
Myrsine nukuhivensis
Myrsine obovata
Myrsine orohenensis
Myrsine raiateemb
Myrsine rapensis
Myrsine ronuiensis
Myrsine st johnii
Myrsine tahuatensis
Nania collina
Nesogenes euphrasioides
Nesoluma polynesicum
Nicotiana fatuhivensis
Ochrosia brownii
Ochrosia fatuhivensis
Oparanthus (French Polynesia)
Oparanthus hivoanus
Oparanthus teikiteetinii
Oparanthus tiva
Oparanthus woodii
Osteomeles anthyllidifolia
Oxalis gagneorum
Oxalis simplicifolia
Pandanus arapepe
Pandanus fanningensis
Pandanus hermsianus
Pandanus raiateaensis
Pandanus temehaniensis
Pelagodoxa (Marquesas)
Pelagodoxa henryana
Peperomia adamsonia
Peperomia australana
Peperomia hendersonensis
Peperomia oblongifolia
Peperomia oliveri
Peperomia pallida
Peperomia pitcairnensis
Peperomia rhomboidea
Peperomia tooviiana
Peperomia wilderi
Phyllanthus hivaoaensis
Phyllanthus marchionicus
Phyllanthus pacificus
Pilea bisepala
Pipturus henryanus
Pipturus schaeferi
Pipturus tooviianus
Pisonia brownii
Pittosporum rarotongense
Plakothira (French Polynesia)
Plakothira frutescens
Plakothira parviflora
Plakothira perlmanii
Polyscias marchionensis
Polystichum fuentesii
Polystichum kenwoodii
Polystichum marquesense
Polystichum uahukaense
Pouteria tahitensis
Pritchardia mitiaroana
Psychotria adamsonii
Psychotria florencei
Psychotria gagneorum
Psychotria hivaoana
Psychotria marchionica
Psychotria mumfordiana
Psychotria oliveri
Psychotria schaeferi
Psychotria taupotinii
Psychotria temetiuensis
Psychotria toviana
Psychotria uahukaensis
Psychotria uapoensis
Psychotria whistleri
Pteris hivaoaensis
Pteris marquesensis
Pteris tahuataensis
Rapanea collina
Rapanea longifolia
Rapanea nadeaudii
Rapanea ovalis
Rapanea st johnii
Rapanea tahitensis
Rapanea vescoi
Rapanea viridis
Rauvolfia nukuhivensis
Rauvolfia sachetiae
Rhus taitensis
Rhynchospora marquisensis
Rytidosperma paschale
Santalum insulare
Scaevola marquesensis
Scaevola paulayi
Scaevola subcapitata
Sclerotheca
Sclerotheca viridiflora
Sesbania marchionica
Sideroxylon nadeaudii
Sideroxylon st-johnianum
Sophora toromiro
Sphaeropteris feani
Stenogrammitis subcoriacea
Stipa horridula
Styphelia pomarae
Styphelia tameiameiae
Tahitia (Society Islands)
Tahitia tahitensis
Tectaria jardinii
Terminalia glabrata
Tetramolopium mitiaroense
Thelypteris marquesensis
Thelypteris quaylei
Tmesipteris gracilis
Trimenia marquesensis
Trimenia nukuhivensis
Uragoga fragrans
Vaccinium cereum
Weinmannia marquesana
Weinmannia parviflora
Weinmannia samoensis
Weinmannia tremuloides
Wikstroemia johnplewsii
Xylosma suaveolens


Summary

Included here is the Pacific zone of Polynesia comprising Cook Island, the Line Islands, Marguesas Islands, Mangarera Islands, Society Islands, Tubuai Islands, Tuamotus Islands (such as Pitcairn and Henderson Islands), Ducie Island, Easter Island, Rapa Island and Sala-Y-Gomez.

Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 288 species in 122 genera and 65 families. There are 8 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.

References

Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1960. Preliminary plant geographical analysis of the Pacific. Blumea, 10: 385-430.

Chock, A. K. & Hamilton, D. C. 1962. Plants of Christmas Island. Atoll Research Bulletin, 90: 1-9.

Florence, J., Waldren, S. & Chepstow-Lusty, A. J. 1995. The flora of the Pitcairn Islands: a review. Biological Journal of the Linnaean Society, 56: 79-119.

Fosberg, F. R. 1984. Phytogeographic comparison of Polynesia and Micronesia. In: Biogeography of the Tropical Pacific (Proceedings of a Symposium). Eds. F. J. Radovsky, P. H. Raven and H. Sohmer. Bishop Museum Special Publication No. 72.

Fosberg, F. R. & Sachet, M. H. 1975. Polynesian Plant Studies 1-5. Smithsonian Contribution to Botany, 21: 1-25.

Fosberg, F. R. & Sachet, M. H. 1981. Polynesian Plant Studies 1-5. Smithsonian Contribution to Botany, 47: 1-38.

Kingston, N. & Waldren, S. 2005. A conservation appraisal of the rare and endemic vascular plants of Pitcairn Island. Biodiversity and Conservation, 14: 781-800.

Meyer, J-Y. 2010. Field-Trip Report to the Cook Islands (Rarotonga Atiu, Mangaia), 22 Sept.-6 Oct. 2009: Native and alien plants of the modern and fossil vascular flora. Délégation à la Recherche, Tahiti.

Sachet, M-L. 1975. Flora of the Marquesas, 1 : Ericaceae-Convolvulacae. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany No. 23. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington.

Skottsberg, C. 1920-1953. The natural history of Juan Fernandez and Easter Island. Volume II. Botany. Almqvist & Wiksells Bokteyckeri, Upsala.

Sohmer, S. H. 1990. Elements of Pacific phytodiversity. In: The Plant Diversity of Malesia. Proceedings of the Flora Malesiana Symposium commemorating Professor Dr. C. G. G. J. van Steenis Leiden, August 1989. Eds. P. Baas, K. Kalkman and R. Geesink. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

St. John, H. 1974. The vascular flora of Fanning Island, Line Islands, Pacific Ocean. Pacific Science, 28: 339-355.

Waldren, S., Florence, J. & Chepstow-Lusty, A. J. 1995a. Rare and endemic vascular plants of the Pitcairn Islands, south-central Pacific Ocean: A conservation appraisal. Biological Conservation, 74: 83-98.

Wester, L. 1985. Checklist of vascular plants of the Northern Line Islands. Atoll Research Bulletin, 287: 1-38.