Included here is the islands of Java, Madura, Babor, Damar, the Lesser Sunda Islands (Nusa Tenggara) including Kangean, Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, Flores and Timor together with Christmas Island.
Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 512 species in 290 genera and 85 families. There is possibly 3 endemic genera marked red but no endemic families although most species of the family Opiliaceae are confined to Old World tropics.
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