Endemics in Family Order

Acanthaceae
Justicia championii
Rungia chinensis

Actinidiaceae
Actinidia cylindrica
Actinidia farinosa
Actinidia glabra
Actinidia globosa
Actinidia gracilis
Actinidia liangguangensis
Actinidia lijiangensis
Actinidia linguiensis
Actinidia pentapetala
Actinidia persicina
Actinidia rongshuiensis

Adoxaceae
Viburnum hanceanum
Viburnum sempervirens

Altingiaceae
Altingia gracilipes

Amaryllidaceae
Lycoris guangxiensis
Narcissus tazetta var chinensis

Annonaceae
Chieniodendron
Chieniodendron hainanense

Apocynaceae
Chonemorpha floccosa
Dregea cuneifolia
Marsdenia chunii
Marsdenia glomerata
Melodinus fusiformis
Pentastelma
Pentastelma auritum

Aquifoliaceae
Ilex angulata
Ilex austrosinensis
Ilex brachyphylla
Ilex championii
Ilex chuniana
Ilex dabieshanensis
Ilex dasyphylla
Ilex dolichopoda
Ilex fukienensis
Ilex graciliflora
Ilex guizhouensis
Ilex hanceana
Ilex huana
Ilex jiaolingensis
Ilex liangii
Ilex lihuaensis
Ilex lohfauensis
Ilex memecylifolia
Ilex ningdeensis
Ilex nuculicava
Ilex pingheensis
Ilex robustinervosa
Ilex shimeica
Ilex strigillosa
Ilex suichangensis
Ilex tenuis
Ilex viridis
Ilex wenchowensis
Ilex wugongshanensis
Ilex xiaojinensis
Ilex yangchunensis
Ilex zhejiangensis

Araceae
Arisaema cordatum

Araliaceae
Brassaiopsis moumingensis
Heteropanax hainanensis

Arecaceae
Calamus thysanolepis
Chuniophoenix hainanensis
Chuniophoenix humilis

Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochia fordiana
Aristolochia thwaitesii

Asparagaceae
Aspidistra minutiflora
Aspidistra punctata

Aspleniaceae
Asplenium adnatum

Asteraceae
Ainsliaea fragrans
Ainsliaea walkeri
Aster baccharoides
Aster striatus
Decaneuropsis chingiana
Dichrocephala integrifolia
Emilia prenanthoidea
Hainanecio
Hainanecio hainanensis
Pertya pungens
Saussurea hwangshanensis
Senecio stauntonii
Strobocalyx chunii
Vernonia solanifolia

Balsaminaceae
Impatiens chekiangensis
Impatiens chloroxantha
Impatiens hainanensis
Impatiens huangyanensis
Impatiens jiulongshanica
Impatiens neglecta
Impatiens platysepala
Impatiens suichangensis
Impatiens taishunensis
Impatiens tienmushanica

Betulaceae
Betula fujianensis
Carpinus luochengensis
Ostrya rehderiana

Burmanniaceae
Burmannia filamentosa
Thismia hongkongensis

Buxaceae
Buxus bodinieri
Buxus chaoanensis
Buxus hainanensis
Buxus harlandii
Sarcococca longipetiolata

Caprifoliaceae
Lonicera rhytidophylla

Celastraceae
Euonymus actinocarpus
Euonymus nitidus
Euonymus tsoi
Loeseneriella concinna

Combretaceae
Combretum alfredii

Convolvulaceae
Ipomoea fimbriosepala

Cyperaceae
Carex graciliflora
Carex harlandii
Carex longipes
Carex nemostachys
Carex pseudolaticeps
Carex speciosa
Carex tenebrosa
Carex truncatigluma

Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea fordii
Dioscorea futschauensis

Droseraceae
Drosera oblanceolata

Dryopteridaceae
Arachniodes exilis
Arachniodes nigrospinosa
Cyrtomidictyum basipinnatum
Dryopteris podophylla
Dryopteris tenuicula

Ebenaceae
Diospyros tsangii
Diospyros tutcheri
Diospyros vaccinioides

Elaeagnaceae
Elaeagnus tutcheri

Ericaceae
Pieris swinhoei
Rhododendron championiae
Rhododendron hongkongense
Vaccinium bracteatum var chinense

Euphorbiaceae
Croton hancei
Croton lachnocarpus
Neoshirakia atrobadiomaculata

Fabaceae
Caesalpinia vernalis
Callerya championii
Dalbergia millettii
Derris fordii var. lucida
Fordia cauliflora
Maackia australis
Macuna championii
Ormosia pachycarpa
Rhynchosia volubilis

Fagaceae
Castanopsis carlesii
Castanopsis concinna
Castanopsis eyrei
Castanopsis fargesii
Castanopsis fordii
Cyclobalanopsis chungii
Cyclobalanopsis litseoides
Cyclobalanopsis myrsinifolia
Lithocarpus attenuatus
Lithocarpus elizabethae
Lithocarpus haipinii
Lithocarpus hancei
Lithocarpus irwinii
Lithocarpus iteaphyllus
Lithocarpus litseifolius
Lithocarpus macilentus
Lithocarpus quercifolius

Gentianaceae
Latouchea
Latouchea fokienensis
Tripterospermum nienkui

Gesneriaceae
Boeica guileana
Chirita sinensis
Didymostigma obtusum
Oreocharis benthamii

Ginkgoaceae
Ginkgo biloba

Gleicheniaceae
Diplopterygium cantonensis

Hamamelidaceae
Loropetalum chinense var rubrum
Loropetalum subcordatum
Rhodoleia championii

Hydrangeaceae
Pileostegia tomentella

Iteaceae
Itea omeiensis

Juglandaceae
Engelhardtia fenzlii

Lamiaceae
Callicarpa integerrima
Callicarpa longibracteata
Gmelina chinensis
Gomphostemma chinense
Pogostemon championii
Scutellaria tayloriana
Stachys geobombycis

Lauraceae
Cinnamomum validinerve
Litsea greenmaniana
Litsea rotundifolia
Machilus chekiangensis
Machilus kwangtungensis
Machilus leptophylla
Machilus pauhoi
Machilus wangchiana
Neolitsea cambodiana var glabra
Neolitsea kwangsiensis
Neolitsea phanerophlebia
Neolitsea pulchella

Liliaceae
Lilium brownii

Linderniaceae
Torenia fordii

Lycopodiaceae
Huperzia austrosinica
Lycopodiella caroliniana

Lythraceae
Lagerstroemia fordii

Magnoliaceae
Michelia figo
Michelia maudiae
Yulania denudata

Malvaceae
Pterospermum heterophyllum

Marattiaceae
Angiopteris fokiensis

Melanthiaceae
Chionographis chinensis

Melastomataceae
Blastus pauciflorus
Fordiophyton brevicaule

Myrtaceae
Syzygium rehderianum

Oleaceae
Osmanthus minor

Orchidaceae
Acanthephippium sinense
Anoectochilus yungianus
Bulbophyllum bicolor
Bulbophyllum levinei
Bulbophyllum retusiusculum var tigridum
Cheirostylis monteiroi
Disperis lantauensis
Goodyera foliosa var alba
Goodyera seikoomontana
Habenaria coultousii
Tainia hongkongensis
Tainia ruybarrettoi

Orobanchaceae
Siphonostegia laeta

Osmundaceae
Osmunda mildei

Pentaphylacaceae
Adinandra millettii
Eurya acuminatissima
Eurya macartneyi

Phyllanthaceae
Bischofia polycarpa

Pinaceae
Pinus massoniana

Pittosporaceae
Pittosporum glabratum var neriifolium

Poaceae
Apocopis intermedius
Bambusa basihirsuta
Bambusa chungii
Bambusa chunii
Bambusa cornigera
Bambusa dissimulator
Bambusa gibba
Bambusa gibboides
Bambusa textilis
Bambusa tuldoides
Bambusa ventricosa
Dendrocalamus minor
Dendrocalamus pulverulentus
Dimeria falcata var falcata
Dimeria sinensis
Eragrostis autumnalis
Garnotia acutigluma
Garnotia patula var. mutica
Indocalamus herklotsii
Indocalamus longiauritus
Neyraudia reynaudiana
Oligostachyum shiuyingianum
Phyllostachys nidularia
Pseudosasa amabilis
Sasa subglabra
Schizostachyum dumetorum

Polygalaceae
Polygala hongkongensis
Polygala latouchei

Polygonaceae
Polygonum jucundum

Polypodiaceae
Lepidogrammitis diversa

Primulaceae
Ardisia maclurei
Lysimachia alpestris

Proteaceae
Helicia kwangtungensis

Putranjivaceae
Drypetes arcuatinervia

Rhamnaceae
Rhamnus brachypoda

Rosaceae
Eriobotrya fragrans
Laurocerasus marginata
Photinia raupingensis
Rosa kwangtungensis
Rubus tsangiorum

Rubiaceae
Dunnia
Dunnia sinensis
Hedyotis bracteosa
Hedyotis consanguinea
Hedyotis effusa
Hedyotis loganioides
Hedyotis matthewii
Hedyotis yangchunensis
Lasianthus fordii
Neanotis boerhaavioides
Neanotis thwaitesiana

Rutaceae
Citrus japonica
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides

Sapindaceae
Acer laevigatum var laevigatum
Acer sino-oblongum
Acer tutcheri

Schisandraceae
Illicium angustisepalum
Illicium dunnianum
Illicium leiophyllum

Selaginellaceae
Selaginella moellendorffii
Selaginella trachyphylla

Styracaceae
Styrax odoratissimus

Symplocaceae
Symplocos anomala
Symplocos fordii
Symplocos sumuntia

Theaceae
Camellia caudata var caudata
Camellia crapnelliana
Camellia euryoides
Camellia granthamiana
Camellia hongkongensis
Camellia oleifera
Camellia sinensis var sinensis
Pyrenaria spectabilis var spectabilis
Stewartia villosa var villosa

Thymelaeaceae
Daphne championii
Wikstroemia monnula
Wikstroemia nutans

Urticaceae
Pilea aquarum ssp acutidentata
Pilea chartacea

Violaceae
Viola betonicifolia

Vitaceae
Vitis tsoi

Woodsiaceae
Diplazium maonense

Zingiberaceae
Zingiber integrilabrum


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Acanthephippium sinense
Acer laevigatum var laevigatum
Acer sino-oblongum
Acer tutcheri
Actinidia cylindrica
Actinidia farinosa
Actinidia glabra
Actinidia globosa
Actinidia gracilis
Actinidia liangguangensis
Actinidia lijiangensis
Actinidia linguiensis
Actinidia pentapetala
Actinidia persicina
Actinidia rongshuiensis
Adinandra millettii
Ainsliaea fragrans
Ainsliaea walkeri
Altingia gracilipes
Angiopteris fokiensis
Anoectochilus yungianus
Apocopis intermedius
Arachniodes exilis
Arachniodes nigrospinosa
Ardisia maclurei
Arisaema cordatum
Aristolochia fordiana
Aristolochia thwaitesii
Aspidistra minutiflora
Aspidistra punctata
Asplenium adnatum
Aster baccharoides
Aster striatus
Bambusa basihirsuta
Bambusa chungii
Bambusa chunii
Bambusa cornigera
Bambusa dissimulator
Bambusa gibba
Bambusa gibboides
Bambusa textilis
Bambusa tuldoides
Bambusa ventricosa
Betula fujianensis
Bischofia polycarpa
Blastus pauciflorus
Boeica guileana
Brassaiopsis moumingensis
Bulbophyllum bicolor
Bulbophyllum levinei
Bulbophyllum retusiusculum var tigridum
Burmannia filamentosa
Buxus bodinieri
Buxus chaoanensis
Buxus hainanensis
Buxus harlandii
Caesalpinia vernalis
Calamus thysanolepis
Callerya championii
Callicarpa integerrima
Callicarpa longibracteata
Camellia caudata var caudata
Camellia crapnelliana
Camellia euryoides
Camellia granthamiana
Camellia hongkongensis
Camellia oleifera
Camellia sinensis var sinensis
Carex graciliflora
Carex harlandii
Carex longipes
Carex nemostachys
Carex pseudolaticeps
Carex speciosa
Carex tenebrosa
Carex truncatigluma
Carpinus luochengensis
Castanopsis carlesii
Castanopsis concinna
Castanopsis eyrei
Castanopsis fargesii
Castanopsis fordii
Cheirostylis monteiroi
Chieniodendron
Chieniodendron hainanenseChionographis chinensis
Chirita sinensis
Chonemorpha floccosa
Chuniophoenix hainanensis
Chuniophoenix humilis
Cinnamomum validinerve
Citrus japonica
Combretum alfredii
Croton hancei
Croton lachnocarpus
Cyclobalanopsis chungii
Cyclobalanopsis litseoides
Cyclobalanopsis myrsinifolia
Cyrtomidictyum basipinnatum
Dalbergia millettii
Daphne championii
Decaneuropsis chingiana
Dendrocalamus minor
Dendrocalamus pulverulentus
Derris fordii var lucida
Dichrocephala integrifolia
Didymostigma obtusum
Dimeria falcata var falcata
Dimeria sinensis
Dioscorea fordii
Dioscorea futschauensis
Diospyros tsangii
Diospyros tutcheri
Diospyros vaccinioides
Diplazium maonense
Diplopterygium cantonensis
Disperis lantauensis
Dregea cuneifolia
Drosera oblanceolata
Dryopteris podophylla
Dryopteris tenuicula
Drypetes arcuatinervia
Dunnia
Dunnia sinensis
Elaeagnus tutcheri
Emilia prenanthoidea
Engelhardtia fenzlii
Eragrostis autumnalis
Eriobotrya fragrans
Euonymus actinocarpus
Euonymus nitidus
Euonymus tsoi
Eurya acuminatissima
Eurya macartneyi
Fordia cauliflora
Fordiophyton brevicaule
Garnotia acutigluma
Garnotia patula var mutica
Ginkgo biloba
Gmelina chinensis
Gomphostemma chinense
Goodyera foliosa var alba
Goodyera seikoomontana
Habenaria coultousii
Hainanecio
Hainanecio hainanensis
Hedyotis bracteosa
Hedyotis consanguinea
Hedyotis effusa
Hedyotis loganioides
Hedyotis matthewii
Hedyotis yangchunensis
Helicia kwangtungensis
Heteropanax hainanensis
Huperzia austrosinica
Ilex angulata
Ilex austrosinensis
Ilex brachyphylla
Ilex championii
Ilex chuniana
Ilex dabieshanensis
Ilex dasyphylla
Ilex dolichopoda
Ilex fukienensis
Ilex graciliflora
Ilex guizhouensis
Ilex hanceana
Ilex huana
Ilex jiaolingensis
Ilex liangii
Ilex lihuaensis
Ilex lohfauensis
Ilex memecylifolia
Ilex ningdeensis
Ilex nuculicava
Ilex pingheensis
Ilex robustinervosa
Ilex shimeica
Ilex strigillosa
Ilex suichangensis
Ilex tenuis
Ilex viridis
Ilex wenchowensis
Ilex wugongshanensis
Ilex xiaojinensis
Ilex yangchunensis
Ilex zhejiangensis
Illicium angustisepalum
Illicium dunnianum
Illicium leiophyllum
Impatiens chekiangensis
Impatiens chloroxantha
Impatiens hainanensis Hainan
Impatiens huangyanensis
Impatiens jiulongshanica
Impatiens neglecta
Impatiens platysepala
Impatiens suichangensis
Impatiens taishunensis
Impatiens tienmushanica
Indocalamus herklotsii
Indocalamus longiauritus
Ipomoea fimbriosepala
Itea omeiensis
Justicia championii
Lagerstroemia fordii
Lasianthus fordii
Latouchea
Latouchea fokienensis
Laurocerasus marginata
Lepidogrammitis diversa
Lilium brownii
Lithocarpus attenuatus
Lithocarpus elizabethae
Lithocarpus haipinii
Lithocarpus hancei
Lithocarpus irwinii
Lithocarpus iteaphyllus
Lithocarpus litseifolius
Lithocarpus macilentus
Lithocarpus quercifolius
Litsea greenmaniana
Litsea rotundifolia
Loeseneriella concinna
Lonicera rhytidophylla
Loropetalum chinense var rubrum
Loropetalum subcordatum
Lycopodiella caroliniana
Lycoris guangxiensis
Lysimachia alpestris
Maackia australis
Machilus chekiangensis
Machilus kwangtungensis
Machilus leptophylla
Machilus pauhoi
Machilus wangchiana
Macuna championii
Marsdenia chunii
Marsdenia glomerata
Melodinus fusiformis
Michelia figo
Michelia maudiae
Narcissus tazetta var chinensis
Neanotis boerhaavioides
Neanotis thwaitesiana
Neolitsea cambodiana var glabra
Neolitsea kwangsiensis
Neolitsea phanerophlebia
Neolitsea pulchella
Neoshirakia atrobadiomaculata
Neyraudia reynaudiana
Oligostachyum shiuyingianum
Oreocharis benthamii
Ormosia pachycarpa
Osmanthus minor
Osmunda mildei
Ostrya rehderiana
Pentastelma
Pentastelma auritum
Pertya pungens
Photinia raupingensis
Phyllostachys nidularia
Pieris swinhoei
Pilea aquarum ssp acutidentata
Pilea chartacea
Pileostegia tomentella
Pinus massoniana
Pittosporum glabratum var neriifolium
Pogostemon championii
Polygala hongkongensis
Polygala latouchei
Polygonum jucundum
Pseudosasa amabilis
Pterospermum heterophyllum
Pyrenaria spectabilis var spectabilis
Rhamnus brachypoda
Rhododendron championiae
Rhododendron hongkongense
Rhodoleia championii
Rhynchosia volubilis
Rosa kwangtungensis
Rubus tsangiorum
Rungia chinensis
Sarcococca longipetiolata
Sasa subglabra
Saussurea hwangshanensis
Schizostachyum dumetorum
Scutellaria tayloriana
Selaginella moellendorffii
Selaginella trachyphylla
Senecio stauntonii
Siphonostegia laeta
Stachys geobombycis
Stewartia villosa var villosa
Strobocalyx chunii
Styrax odoratissimus
Symplocos anomala
Symplocos fordii
Symplocos sumuntia
Syzygium rehderianum
Tainia hongkongensis
Tainia ruybarrettoi
Thismia hongkongensis
Torenia fordii
Tripterospermum nienkui
Vaccinium bracteatum var chinense
Vernonia solanifolia
Viburnum hanceanum
Viburnum sempervirens
Viola betonicifolia
Vitis tsoi
Wikstroemia monnula
Wikstroemia nutans
Yulania denudata
Zanthoxylum ailanthoides
Zingiber integrilabrum


Summary

Included here is the eastern parts of Kwangsi (Jixangxi), Kwantung (Guangdong) apart from the southern tropical zone, but including Hong Kong, the southernmost parts of Hunan and Kiangsi (Guangxi), most of Fukien (Fujian) and adjacent islands, and southern Chekiang (Zhejiang) and adjacent islands.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 309 species in 169 genera and 84 families. There are 5 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, the Ginkgoaceae are confined to China.

References

Campbell, D. G. & Hammond, H. D. 1989. Floristic Inventory of Tropical Countries. The New York Botanical Garden.

Hong Kong Herbarium 2001. Check List of Hong Kong Plants 2001. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, and South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences. Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department Bulletin 1.

Ji, Z., Guangmei, Z., Huadong, W. & Jialin, X. 1990. The Natural History of China. Collins.

López-Pujol, J., Zhang, F-M., Ge, S. 2006. Plant biodiversity in China: richly varied, endangered, and in need of conservation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15: 3983-4026.

Zhang, Yin-Bo & Ma Ke-Ping. 2008. Geographic distribution pattern and status assessment of threatened plants in China. Biodiversity and Conservation, 17: 1738-1798.