Endemics in Family Order

Achariaceae
Hydnocarpus annamensis
Hydnocarpus glaucescens
Hydnocarpus yatesii
Ryparosa micromera
Ryparosa multinervosa

Anacardiaceae
Gluta rostrata
Mangifera gedebe
Mangifera similis

Annonaceae
Cyathocalyx sumatranus
Maasia
Maasia sumatrana
Polyalthia sumatrana

Apiaceae
Heracleaum sumatranum

Apocynaceae
Pergularia tinctoria

Araceae
Amorphophallus titanum
Furtadoa sumatrensis

Araliaceae
Brassaiopsis sumatrana var sumatrana
Euaraliopsis smatrana
Polyscias engganoense
Polyscias papyracea
Trevesia arborea
Trevesia beccarii
Trevesia sumatrana

Arecaceae
Pholidocarpus mucronatus
Pholidocarpus sumatranus

Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochia glaucifolia
Aristolochia klossii
Aristolochia singalangensis
Thottea beccarii
Thottea macrantha
Thottea reniloba
Thottea straatmanii

Asteraceae
Senecio sumatrana

Bignoniaceae
Fernandoa macroloba

Boraginaceae
Trigonotis hirsuta

Burmanniaceae
Burmannia bengkuluensis
Burmannia connata
Burmannia engganensis
Thismia labiata

Burseraceae
Canarium intermedium
Canarium karoense
Canarium sumatranum
Dacryodes crassipes

Campanulaceae
Lobelia sumatrana

Celastraceae
Euonymus recurvans

Clethraceae
Clethra sumatrana

Combretaceae
Terminalia adenopoda
Terminalia malii
Terminalia oxyphylla

Convolvulaceae
Argyreia crispa
Argyreia cucullata
Argyreia linggaensis
Argyreia nuda
Argyreia parviflora
Argyreia pseudorubicunda
Argyreia robinsonii
Decalobanthus
Decalobanthus sumatranus
Erycibe ramiflora
Erycibe sumatrensis

Cyatheaceae
Cyathea alderwereltii
Cyathea apiculata
Cyathea costulisora
Cyathea deminuens
Cyathea doctersii
Cyathea loerzingii
Cyathea macropoda
Cyathea magnifolia
Cyathea patellifera
Cyathea perpunctulata
Cyathea punctulata
Cyathea senex
Cyathea sumatrana
Cyathea trachypoda
Cyathea verrucosa

Cyperaceae
Isolepis beccarii
Kobresia kobresioidea
Scleria sumatrensis
Sumatroscirpus
Sumatroscirpus junghuhnii

Daphniphyllaceae
Daphniphyllum sumatraense

Davalliaceae
Davallodes urceolatum

Dioscoreaceae
Dioscorea sumatrana

Dipterocarpaceae
Dipterocarpus cinereus
Dipterocarpus conformis
Dryobalanops sumatrensis
Hopea bancana
Hopea nigra
Hopea paucinervis
Parashorea aptera
Shorea conica
Shorea retinodes
Shorea sumatrana
Vatica odorata
Vatica soepadmoi
Vatica teysmanniana
Vatica venulosa ssp simalurensis

Dryopteridaceae
Ctenitis elata
Elaphoglossum indrapurae
Elaphoglossum sumatranum
Lomagramma sumatrana

Ericaceae
Costera sumatrana
Diplycosia apiculifera
Diplycosia cinnabarina
Diplycosia glauciflora
Diplycosia pubivertex
Diplycosia rubella
Diplycosia sumatrensis
Diplycosia tetramera
Gaultheria abbreviata
Gaultheria acroleia
Gaultheria atjehensis
Gaultheria barbulata
Gaultheria dialypetala
Gaultheria kemiriensis
Gaultheria losirensis
Gaultheria pernettyoides
Pyrola sumatrana
Rhododendron adinophyllum
Rhododendron aequabile
Rhododendron atjehense
Rhododendron banghamiorum
Rhododendron beccarii
Rhododendron frey-wysslingii
Rhododendron korthalsii
Rhododendron lampongum
Rhododendron multicolor
Rhododendron perplexum
Rhododendron pibigermen
Rhododendron rarilepidotum
Rhododendron ridleyi
Rhododendron sessilifolium
Rhododendron sulfureum
Rhododendron sumatranum
Rhododendron vanderbiltianum
Rhododendron vinicolor
Vaccinium bartlettii
Vaccinium basagiense
Vaccinium gracilipes
Vaccinium korinchense
Vaccinium miquelii
Vaccinium rigidifolium

Euphorbiaceae
Neoscortechinia sumatrensis

Fabaceae
Bauhinia posthumii
Bauhinia pyrrhaneura
Bauhinia rahmatii
Bauhinia stipularis var. brachystylus
Crudia acuta
Saraca tubiflora
Sindora sumatrana

Fagaceae
Lithocarpus atjehensis
Lithocarpus orbicularis
Lithocarpus oreophilus
Lithocarpus reinwardtii
Quercus steenisii

Gleicheniaceae
Gleichenia alstonii
Gleichenia matthewii

Hypericaceae
Cratoxylum sumatranum

Lamiaceae
Gomphostemma dolichobotrys

Lauraceae
Dehaasia sumatrana

Loganiaceae
Strychnos lanceolaris

Loranthaceae
Dendrophthoe flosculosa
Helixanthera alata

Magnoliaceae
Magnolia lanuginosoides
Michelia salicifolia

Malvaceae
Heritiera sumatrana

Meliaceae
Chisocheton aenigmaticus
Chisocheton diversifolius
Chisocheton vindictae
Lansium membranaceum

Menispermaceae
Stephania dictyoneura
Tinospora sumatrana

Myristicaceae
Horsfieldia atjehensis
Horsfieldia hirtiflora
Horsfieldia macrothyrsa
Horsfieldia triandra
Knema lampongensis
Knema losirensis
Knema sumatrana

Oxalidaceae
Sarcotheca ferruginea

Pandanaceae
Pandanus sumatranus

Passifloraceae
Disemma sumatrana

Pentaphragmataceae
Pentaphragma bartlettii

Phyllanthaceae
Baccaurea sumatrana

Polygalaceae
Polygala sumatrana
Xanthophyllum ancolanum
Xanthophyllum brigittae
Xanthophyllum erythrostachyum
Xanthophyllum laeve

Polypodiaceae
Lepisorus mamas
Pyrrosia asterosora
Pyrrosia distichocarpa
Selliguea bakeri
Selliguea brooksii
Selliguea craspedosora
Selliguea pseudo-acrostichum
Selliguea subtaeniata

Rafflesiaceae
Rafflesia gadutensis
Rafflesia micropylora

Rosaceae
Rubus banghamii

Sabiaceae
Sabia sumatrana

Salicaceae
Casearia cuspidata
Casearia gigantifolia
Casearia yatesii
Flacourtia tomentella

Sapotaceae
Palaquium sumatranum
Sarcosperma uittienii

Schisandraceae
Illicium sumatranum

Stemonaceae
Pentastemona
Pentastemona egregia
Pentastemona sumatrana

Stemonuraceae
Gomphandra fusiformis
Gomphandra parviflora
Stemonurus dolichocarpus
Stemonurus subrostratus

Styracaceae
Styrax oliganthes

Symplocaceae
Symplocos atjehensis
Symplocos bakakensis
Symplocos barisanica
Symplocos robinsonii
Symplocos sumatrana

Tectariaceae
Heterogonium pluriseriatum
Heterogonium subglabrum
Pleocnemia acuminata
Tectaria kehdingiana
Tectaria nebulosa
Tectaria palmata var sumatrana
Tectaria rara
Tectaria rigida
Tectaria sumatrana

Tetramelaceae
Octomeles sumatrana

Thelypteridaceae
Chingia horridipes
Chingia lorzingii
Coryphopteris atjehensis
Coryphopteris iwatsukii
Coryphopteris tanggamensis
Mesophlebion arenicola
Mesophlebion auriculiferum
Metathelypteris singalanensis
Pneumatopteris basicurtata
Pneumatopteris dicranogramma
Pneumatopteris inclusa
Pneumatopteris kerintjiensis
Pneumatopteris tobaica
Pronephrium euryphyllum
Pseudophegopteris sumatrana
Sphaerostephanos batacorum
Sphaerostephanos cyrtocaulos
Sphaerostephanos echinosporus
Sphaerostephanos eminens
Sphaerostephanos hamiferus
Sphaerostephanos indrapurae
Sphaerostephanos pilosissimus
Sphaerostephanos plurifolius
Sphaerostephanos pseudomegaphyllus
Sphaerostephanos subulifolius
Sphaerostephanos tandikatensis
Stegnogramma subcalcarata

Xyridaceae
Xyris chlorocephala
Xyris flabellata


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Amorphophallus titanum
Argyreia crispa
Argyreia cucullata
Argyreia linggaensis
Argyreia nuda
Argyreia parviflora
Argyreia pseudorubicunda
Argyreia robinsonii
Aristolochia glaucifolia
Aristolochia klossii
Aristolochia singalangensis
Baccaurea sumatrana
Bauhinia posthumii
Bauhinia pyrrhaneura
Bauhinia rahmatii
Bauhinia stipularis var brachystylus
Brassaiopsis sumatrana var sumatrana
Burmannia bengkuluensis
Burmannia connata
Burmannia engganensis
Canarium intermedium
Canarium karoense
Canarium sumatranum
Casearia cuspidata
Casearia gigantifolia
Casearia yatesii
Chingia horridipes
Chingia lorzingii
Chisocheton aenigmaticus
Chisocheton diversifolius
Chisocheton vindictae
Clethra sumatrana
Coryphopteris atjehensis
Coryphopteris iwatsukii
Coryphopteris tanggamensis
Costera sumatrana
Cratoxylum sumatranum
Crudia acuta
Ctenitis elata
Cyathea alderwereltii
Cyathea apiculata
Cyathea costulisora
Cyathea deminuens
Cyathea doctersii
Cyathea loerzingii
Cyathea macropoda
Cyathea magnifolia
Cyathea patellifera
Cyathea perpunctulata
Cyathea punctulata
Cyathea senex
Cyathea sumatrana
Cyathea trachypoda
Cyathea verrucosa
Cyathocalyx sumatranus
Dacryodes crassipes
Daphniphyllum sumatraense
Davallodes urceolatum
Decalobanthus
Decalobanthus sumatranus
Dehaasia sumatrana
Dendrophthoe flosculosa
Dioscorea sumatrana
Diplycosia apiculifera
Diplycosia cinnabarina
Diplycosia glauciflora
Diplycosia pubivertex
Diplycosia rubella
Diplycosia sumatrensis
Diplycosia tetramera
Dipterocarpus cinereus
Dipterocarpus conformis
Disemma sumatrana
Dryobalanops sumatrensis
Elaphoglossum indrapurae
Elaphoglossum sumatranum
Erycibe ramiflora
Erycibe sumatrensis
Euaraliopsis smatrana
Euonymus recurvans
Fernandoa macroloba
Flacourtia tomentella
Furtadoa sumatrensis
Gaultheria abbreviata
Gaultheria acroleia
Gaultheria atjehensis
Gaultheria barbulata
Gaultheria dialypetala
Gaultheria kemiriensis
Gaultheria losirensis
Gaultheria pernettyoides
Gleichenia alstonii
Gleichenia matthewii
Gluta rostrata
Gomphandra fusiformis
Gomphandra parviflora
Gomphostemma dolichobotrys
Helixanthera alata
Heracleaum sumatranum
Heritiera sumatrana
Heterogonium pluriseriatum
Heterogonium subglabrum
Hopea bancana
Hopea nigra
Hopea paucinervis
Horsfieldia atjehensis
Horsfieldia hirtiflora
Horsfieldia macrothyrsa
Horsfieldia triandra
Hydnocarpus annamensis
Hydnocarpus glaucescens
Hydnocarpus yatesii
Illicium sumatranum
Isolepis beccarii
Knema lampongensis
Knema losirensis
Knema sumatrana
Kobresia kobresioidea
Lansium membranaceum
Lepisorus mamas
Lithocarpus atjehensis
Lithocarpus orbicularis
Lithocarpus oreophilus
Lithocarpus reinwardtii
Lobelia sumatrana
Lomagramma sumatrana
Maasia
Maasia sumatrana
Magnolia lanuginosoides
Mangifera gedebe
Mangifera similis
Mesophlebion arenicola
Mesophlebion auriculiferum
Metathelypteris singalanensis
Michelia salicifolia
Neoscortechinia sumatrensis
Octomeles sumatrana
Palaquium sumatranum
Pandanus sumatranus
Parashorea aptera
Pentaphragma bartlettii
Pentastemona
Pentastemona egregia
Pentastemona sumatrana
Pergularia tinctoria
Pholidocarpus mucronatus
Pholidocarpus sumatranus
Pleocnemia acuminata
Pneumatopteris basicurtata
Pneumatopteris dicranogramma
Pneumatopteris inclusa
Pneumatopteris kerintjiensis
Pneumatopteris tobaica
Polyalthia sumatrana
Polygala sumatrana
Polyscias engganoense
Polyscias papyracea
Pronephrium euryphyllum
Pseudophegopteris sumatrana
Pyrola sumatrana
Pyrrosia asterosora
Pyrrosia distichocarpa
Quercus steenisii
Rafflesia gadutensis
Rafflesia micropylora
Rhododendron adinophyllum
Rhododendron aequabile
Rhododendron atjehense
Rhododendron banghamiorum
Rhododendron beccarii
Rhododendron frey-wysslingii
Rhododendron korthalsii
Rhododendron lampongum
Rhododendron multicolor
Rhododendron perplexum
Rhododendron pibigermen
Rhododendron rarilepidotum
Rhododendron ridleyi
Rhododendron sessilifolium
Rhododendron sulfureum
Rhododendron sumatranum
Rhododendron vanderbiltianum
Rhododendron vinicolor
Rubus banghamii
Ryparosa micromera
Ryparosa multinervosa
Sabia sumatrana
Saraca tubiflora
Sarcosperma uittienii
Sarcotheca ferruginea
Scleria sumatrensis
Selliguea bakeri
Selliguea brooksii
Selliguea craspedosora
Selliguea pseudo-acrostichum
Selliguea subtaeniata
Senecio sumatrana
Shorea conica
Shorea retinodes
Shorea sumatrana
Sindora sumatrana
Sphaerostephanos batacorum
Sphaerostephanos cyrtocaulos
Sphaerostephanos echinosporus
Sphaerostephanos eminens
Sphaerostephanos hamiferus
Sphaerostephanos indrapurae
Sphaerostephanos pilosissimus
Sphaerostephanos plurifolius
Sphaerostephanos pseudomegaphyllus
Sphaerostephanos subulifolius
Sphaerostephanos tandikatensis
Stegnogramma subcalcarata
Stemonurus dolichocarpus
Stemonurus subrostratus
Stephania dictyoneura
Strychnos lanceolaris
Styrax oliganthes
Sumatroscirpus
Sumatroscirpus junghuhnii
Symplocos atjehensis
Symplocos bakakensis
Symplocos barisanica
Symplocos robinsonii
Symplocos sumatrana
Tectaria kehdingiana
Tectaria nebulosa
Tectaria palmata var sumatrana
Tectaria rara
Tectaria rigida
Tectaria sumatrana
Terminalia adenopoda
Terminalia malii
Terminalia oxyphylla
Thismia labiata
Thottea beccarii
Thottea macrantha
Thottea reniloba
Thottea straatmanii
Tinospora sumatrana
Trevesia arborea
Trevesia beccarii
Trevesia sumatrana
Trigonotis hirsuta
Vaccinium bartlettii
Vaccinium basagiense
Vaccinium gracilipes
Vaccinium korinchense
Vaccinium miquelii
Vaccinium rigidifolium
Vatica odorata
Vatica soepadmoi
Vatica teysmanniana
Vatica venulosa ssp simalurensis
Xanthophyllum ancolanum
Xanthophyllum brigittae
Xanthophyllum erythrostachyum
Xanthophyllum laeve
Xyris chlorocephala
Xyris flabellata


Summary

Included here is the island of Sumatra together with its surrounding islands such as Nias, Siberut, Bangka and Belitung.

Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 256 species in 120 genera and 62 families. There are 4 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, this list is likely to be incomplete since there are reported to be 17 endemic genera so further information is required.

References

Campbell, D. G. & Hammond, H. D. 1989. Floristic Inventory of Tropical Countries. The New York Botanical Garden.

Whitten, T., Damanik, S. J., Anwar, J. & Hisyam, N. 2000. The Ecology of Sumatra. Periplus.