Endemics in Family Order

Actinidiaceae
Actinidia maloides

Amaranthaceae
Ceratoides papposa
Halogeton tibeticus
Kochia prostrata
Krascheninnikovia compacta

Annonaceae
Dasymaschalon tibetense

Apiaceae
Acronema alpinum
Acronema gracile
Acronema radiatum
Acronema yadongense
Nothosmyrnium xizangense
Oreocomopsis
Oreocomopsis xizangensis

Apocynaceae
Marsdenia medogensis

Aquifoliaceae
Ilex dicarpa
Ilex medogensis
Ilex miguensis
Ilex xizangensis

Araliaceae
Brassaiopsis tibetana

Asteraceae
Ajania tibetica
Ajaniopsis
Ajaniopsis penicilliformis
Allardia lasiocarpa
Artemisia wellbyi
Bolocephalus
Bolocephalus saussureoides
Dubyaea cymiformis
Melanoseris macrocephala
Melanoseris pectiniformis
Nannoglottis carpesioides
Pseudoyoungia angustifolia
Pseudoyoungia cristata
Pseudoyoungia sericea
Saussurea bella
Saussurea bomiensis
Saussurea colpodes
Saussurea flavovirens
Saussurea glanduligera
Saussurea grandiceps
Saussurea gyacaensis
Saussurea irregularis
Saussurea lanata
Saussurea lhunzhubensis
Saussurea lyratifolia
Saussurea megacephala
Saussurea nyalamensis
Saussurea ovatifolia
Saussurea paleacea
Saussurea pubescens
Saussurea pubifolia
Saussurea retroserrata
Saussurea sericea
Stenoseris tenuis
Syncalathium chrysocephalum
Syncalathium kawaguchii
Syncalathium porphyreum
Syncalathium roseum
Tibetoseris
Tibetoseris depressa
Waldheimia huegelii
Waldheimia lasiocarpa

Balsaminaceae
Impatiens conaensis
Impatiens fragicolor
Impatiens medogensis Impatiens nyimana

Berberidaceae
Dysosma tsayuensis
Holboellia medogensis

Betulaceae
Betula bomiensis

Boraginaceae
Christolea crassifolia
Microula tibetica
Smelowskia tibetica

Caprifoliaceae
Lonicera rupicola var rupicola

Caryophyllaceae
Arenaria musciformis
Thylacospermum caespitosum

Cupressaceae
Juniperus tibetica

Cyperaceae
Carex moorcroftii
Kobresia tibetica

Fabaceae
Astragalus malcolmii
Astragalus tibetanus
Caragana tibetica
Caragana versicolor
Oxytropis aciphylla
Sophora moorcroftiana
Thermopsis alpina

Liliaceae
Lloydia tibetica

Plumbaginaceae
Acantholimon diapensioides
Ceratostigma griffithii

Poaceae
Agropyron arnoldianum
Aristida triseta
Elymus gerardianus
Littledalea racemosa
Orinus thoroldii
Ptilagrostis concinna
Stipa purpurea
Trikeraia hookeri

Polygonaceae
Rheum spiciforme

Primulaceae
Androsace tapete
Pomatosace filicula
Primula tibetica

Rosaceae
Chamaerhodos sabulosa

Scrophulariaceae
Buddleja crispa

Solanaceae
Przewalskia tangutica

Tamaricaceae
Myricaria prostrata
Reaumuria trigyna


Endemics in Alphabetical Order

Acantholimon diapensioides
Acronema alpinum
Acronema gracile
Acronema radiatum
Acronema yadongense
Actinidia maloides
Agropyron arnoldianum
Ajania tibetica
Ajaniopsis
Ajaniopsis penicilliformis
Allardia lasiocarpa
Androsace tapete
Arenaria musciformis
Aristida triseta
Artemisia wellbyi
Astragalus malcolmii
Astragalus tibetanus
Betula bomiensis
Bolocephalus
Bolocephalus saussureoides
Brassaiopsis tibetana
Buddleja crispa
Caragana tibetica
Caragana versicolor
Carex moorcroftii
Ceratoides papposa
Ceratostigma griffithii
Chamaerhodos sabulosa
Christolea crassifolia
Dasymaschalon tibetense
Dubyaea cymiformis
Dysosma tsayuensis
Elymus gerardianus
Halogeton tibeticus
Holboellia medogensis
Ilex dicarpa
Ilex medogensis
Ilex miguensis
Ilex xizangensis
Impatiens conaensis
Impatiens fragicolor
Impatiens medogensis
Impatiens nyimana
Juniperus tibetica
Kobresia tibetica
Kochia prostrata
Krascheninnikovia compacta
Littledalea racemosa
Lloydia tibetica
Lonicera rupicola var rupicola
Marsdenia medogensis
Melanoseris macrocephala
Melanoseris pectiniformis
Microula tibetica
Myricaria prostrata
Nannoglottis carpesioides
Nothosmyrnium xizangense
Oreocomopsis
Oreocomopsis xizangensis
Orinus thoroldii
Oxytropis aciphylla
Pomatosace filicula
Primula tibetica
Przewalskia tangutica
Pseudoyoungia angustifolia
Pseudoyoungia cristata
Pseudoyoungia sericea
Ptilagrostis concinna
Reaumuria trigyna
Rheum spiciforme
Saussurea bella
Saussurea bomiensis
Saussurea colpodes
Saussurea flavovirens
Saussurea glanduligera
Saussurea grandiceps
Saussurea gyacaensis
Saussurea irregularis
Saussurea lanata
Saussurea lhunzhubensis
Saussurea lyratifolia
Saussurea megacephala
Saussurea nyalamensis
Saussurea ovatifolia
Saussurea paleacea
Saussurea pubescens
Saussurea pubifolia
Saussurea retroserrata
Saussurea sericea
Stenoseris tenuis
Smelowskia tibetica
Sophora moorcroftiana
Stipa purpurea
Thermopsis alpina
Thylacospermum caespitosum
Tibetoseris
Tibetoseris depressa
Trikeraia hookeri
Waldheimia huegelii
Waldheimia lasiocarpa


Summary

Included here is most of the Tibetan Plateau. It is bordered by the eastern Pamirs and eastern Hindo Kush Mountains to the west, the Karakorum Range and Himalayas to the south, the Bayan Khara Shan Mountains to the east and the Transalai (Zaalai) Range to the north.

Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 100 species in 64 genera and 26 families. There are 4 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families. However, this list is incomplete since there are reported to be over 1000 endemic species and up to 30 endemic genera so further information is required.

References

Chang, D. H. S. 1981. The vegetation zonation of the Tibetan Plateau. Mountain Research and Development, 1: 29-48.

Miehe, G., Miehe, S., Kaiser, K., Jianquan, L. & Zhao, X. 2008. Status and dynamics of the Kobresia pygmaea ecosystem on the Tibetan Plateau. Ambio, 37: 272-279.

Wang, W., Wang, Q., Li. S. & Wang, G. 2006. Distribution and species diversity of plant communities along a transect on the northeastern Tibetan Plateau. Biodiversity and Conservation, 15: 1811-1828.

Ward, F. K. 1936. A sketch of the vegetation and geography of Tibet. Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London, 148: 133-160.