Included here is much of the uplands and mountains of Central Asia including most of the Badghys, the Karabil Uplands, Afghanian Turkestan, Badakshan, the Paropamisus Range, the Safod Koh Range, western Hindu Kush, the Koh-i-Baba Range and the Kabul River Valley. In the east it extends to central Tien Shan and the Pamirs.
Of the endemic and near endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 1633 species in 392 genera and 61 families. There are 36 endemic or near endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.
Chemonics International Inc. Washington, DC. 2001. Biodiversity Assessment for Tajikistan. Submitted to USAID Central Asian Republics Mission, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
Fet, V. & Atamuradov, K. I. 1994. Biogeography and Ecology of Turkmenistan. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
Nowak, A & Nobis, M. 2010. Tentative list of endemic vascular plants of the Zeravshan Mts in Tajikistan: distribution, habitat preferences and conservation status of species. Biodiversity: Research and Conservation, 19: 65-80.