Included here are the Bonin and Volcano islands situated in the eastern Pacific approximately 840 km southeast of Japan. The Bonin Islands are known to the Japanese as the Ogasawara Islands.
Of the endemic vascular plants so far recorded there are about 160 species in 120 genera and 65 families. There are 2 endemic genera (marked red) but no endemic families.
Balgooy, Van. M. M. J. 1960. Preliminary plant geographical analysis of the Pacific. Blumea, 10: 385-430.
Hosokawa, T. 1934. Phytogeographical relationship between the Bonin and the Marianne islands laying stress upon the distribution of families, genera and species of their vernacular plants. Journal Soc.Tropical Agriculture, 6: 201-278.
Ito, M, Soejima, A. & Ono, M. 1998. Genetic diversity of the endemic plants of the Bonin (Ogasawara) Islands. In: Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants. Eds. T. S. Stuessy & M. Ono. Cambridge University Press.
Kobayashi, S. 1978. A list of vascular plants occuring in the Ogasawara (Bonin) Islands. Ogasawara Research, 1: 1-33.
Nakai, T. 1930. The flora of the Bonin Islands. Bulletin of the Biogeographical Society of Japan, 1: 249-278.
Ono. M. 1998. Conervation of the endemic vascular plant species of the Bonin Islands. In: Evolution and Speciation of Island Plants. Eds. T. S. Stuessy & M. Ono. Cambridge University Press.Tuyama, T. 1972. The status of the Bonin Islands flora in the Pacific. In: Floristics and Paleofloristics of Asia and eastern North America. Ed. A. Graham. Elsevier Publishing Company.