Mexican Highlands BioProvince

This BioProvince (as defined by Armen Takhtajan) is made up of the major mountain systems of Mexico including the southern slopes of the Sierra Madre del Sur, the northern parts of the Sierra Madre Occidentale and Sierra Madre Orientale and the altiplane of central Mexico. The geological composition is varied and complex but includes spectacular volcanic features. The climate varies but in the southern central highlands it has been described as ‘eternal spring' - not excessively hot or cold. However, compared to other highlands in Central America it is relatively dry. The rich vascular plant flora is estimated to be about 70% endemic.

The following accounts for this BioProvince have been written or will be written with particular reference to endemic and locally important species. Accounts available are displayed in green or yellow. Those displayed in red are either in the pipeline or awaiting expert contributions.


Major Ecosystems
Endemic Vascular Plant Flora
Bryophyte Flora
Fungus Flora
Lichen Flora
Invertebrate Fauna
Amphibian Fauna
Reptile Fauna
Bird Fauna
Mammal Fauna
Conservation Status