North American Prairies BioProvince

This BioProvince (as defined by Armen Takhtajan) includes the extensive grassy plains east of the Rocky Mountains. Its boundary extends north to the coniferous forests of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba, east to the deciduous forests of the Appalachian BioProvince and south and southwest to the deserts of the Sonoran BioProvince. Glacial processes have shaped much of the landscape but the underlying geology is complex. This continental area has very cold winters and very hot summers and wind speed is usually high. It is a distinctive biogeographic zone but there are no endemic genera and the number of endemic species is relatively low.

The following accounts for this BioProvince have been written or will be written with particular reference to endemic and locally important species. Accounts available are displayed in green or yellow. Those displayed in red are either in the pipeline or awaiting expert contributions.


Major Ecosystems
Endemic Vascular Plant Flora
Bryophyte Flora
Fungus Flora
Lichen Flora
Invertebrate Fauna
Amphibian Fauna
Reptile Fauna
Bird Fauna
Mammal Fauna
Conservation Status