Southwestern Mediterranean BioProvince

This BioProvince (as defined by Armen Takhtajan) includes the southern Mediterranean parts of the Iberian Peninsula, Gibraltar, and a large part of Morocco including the Haut Atlas and Anti Atlas Mountains. The coast experiences a typical Mediterranean climate with mild, rainy winters and hot, dry summers, but Inland this quickly gives way to a hotter, drier, more continental conditions. The flora has a range of endemic genera including Argania, Ceratocnemum, Crambella, Drosophyllum, Hemicrambe, Rytidocarpus, Stauracanthus and Trachystoma, and a large number of endemic species. The Straits of Gibraltar is the only European site for the ancient Psilotum nudum.

The following accounts for this BioProvince have been written or will be written with particular reference to endemic and locally important species. Accounts available are displayed in green or yellow. Those displayed in red are either in the pipeline or awaiting expert contributions.


Major Ecosystems
Endemic Vascular Plant Flora
Bryophyte Flora
Fungus Flora
Lichen Flora
Invertebrate Fauna
Amphibian Fauna
Reptile Fauna
Bird Fauna
Mammal Fauna
Conservation Status